Abstract

A high performance solar absorber using a 2D tantalum superlattice photonic crystal (PhC) is proposed and its design is optimized for high-temperature energy conversion. In contrast to the simple lattice PhC, which is limited by diffraction in the short wavelength range, the superlattice PhC achieves solar absorption over broadband spectral range due to the contribution from two superposed lattices with different cavity radii. The superlattice PhC geometry is tailored to achieve maximum thermal transfer efficiency for a low concentration system of 250 suns at 1500 K reaching 85.0% solar absorptivity. In the high concentration case of 1000 suns, the superlattice PhC absorber achieves a solar absorptivity of 96.2% and a thermal transfer efficiency of 82.9% at 1500 K, amounting to an improvement of 10% and 5%, respectively, versus the simple square lattice PhC absorber. In addition, the performance of the superlattice PhC absorber is studied in a solar thermophotovoltaic system which is optimized to minimize absorber re-emission by reducing the absorber-to-emitter area ratio and using a highly reflective silver aperture.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (3)

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

M.-L. V. Tse, Z. Liu, L.-H. Cho, C. Lu, P.-K. A. Wai, and H.-Y. Tam, “Superlattice microstructured optical fiber,” Materials 7(6), 4567–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (8)

D. M. Callahan, K. A. Horowitz, and H. A. Atwater, “Light trapping in ultrathin silicon photonic crystal superlattices with randomly-textured dielectric incouplers,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30315–30326 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Global optimization of solar thermophotovoltaic systems,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1040–1055 (2013).

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A96–A110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, C. L. Cortes, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(13), 131106 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Development and experimental evaluation of a complete solar thermophotovoltaic system,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1099 (2012).

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012), http://www.stanford.edu/group/fan/S4/ .
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Utikal, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, M. Lippitz, and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the photonic band splitting in metallodielectric photonic crystal superlattices,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075101 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Tungsten black absorber for solar light with wide angular operation range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(21), 211107 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, “Two-dimensional tungsten photonic crystals as selective thermal emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193101 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Schift, “Nanoimprint lithography: An old story in modern times? A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(2), 458 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. M. Andreev, A. S. Vlasov, V. P. Khvostikov, O. A. Khvostikova, P. Y. Gazaryan, S. V. Sorokina, and N. A. Sadchikov, “Solar thermophotovoltaic converters based on tungsten emitters,” J. Sol. Energy Eng. 129(3), 298 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

C. Neff and C. Summers, “A photonic crystal superlattice based on triangular lattice,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3166–3173 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Steinfeld, “Solar thermochemical production of hydrogen - a review,” Sol. Energy 78(5), 603–615 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

N.-P. Harder and P. Würfel, “Theoretical limits of thermophotovoltaic solar energy conversion,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(5), S151–S157 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

S. Y. Chou, P. R. Krauss, and P. J. Renstrom, “Imprint of sub‐25 nm vias and trenches in polymers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(21), 3114 (1995).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, M.

Aimone, P. R.

V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
[Crossref]

Algora, C.

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Global optimization of solar thermophotovoltaic systems,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1040–1055 (2013).

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Development and experimental evaluation of a complete solar thermophotovoltaic system,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1099 (2012).

Alù, A.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andreev, V. M.

V. M. Andreev, A. S. Vlasov, V. P. Khvostikov, O. A. Khvostikova, P. Y. Gazaryan, S. V. Sorokina, and N. A. Sadchikov, “Solar thermophotovoltaic converters based on tungsten emitters,” J. Sol. Energy Eng. 129(3), 298 (2007).
[Crossref]

Anikeev, S.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Araghchini, M.

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

Baldasaro, P.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Beausang, J. F.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Belenky, G. L.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bermel, P.

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010), http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep .
[Crossref]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bierman, D. M.

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biswas, R.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braun, P. V.

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brown, E. J.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burger, S. R.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Callahan, D. M.

Celanovic, I.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Chan, R. Huang, C. Wang, J. Kassakian, J. Joannopoulos, and I. Celanovic, “Modeling low-bandgap thermophotovoltaic diodes for high-efficiency portable power generators,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(3), 509–514 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, “Two-dimensional tungsten photonic crystals as selective thermal emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chan, W.

Chan, W. R.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
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M.-L. V. Tse, Z. Liu, L.-H. Cho, C. Lu, P.-K. A. Wai, and H.-Y. Tam, “Superlattice microstructured optical fiber,” Materials 7(6), 4567–4573 (2014).
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M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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Cortes, C. L.

Y. Guo, C. L. Cortes, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(13), 131106 (2012).
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D’Aguanno, G.

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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Dashiell, M. W.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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A. Datas and C. Algora, “Global optimization of solar thermophotovoltaic systems,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1040–1055 (2013).

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Development and experimental evaluation of a complete solar thermophotovoltaic system,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1099 (2012).

DePoy, D. M.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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Dewalt, C. J.

Donetski, D.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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Ehsani, H.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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El-Kady, I.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
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V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012), http://www.stanford.edu/group/fan/S4/ .
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E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Absorber and emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency exceeding the Shockley-Queisser limit,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15145–15159 (2009).
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E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Tungsten black absorber for solar light with wide angular operation range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(21), 211107 (2008).
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J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fourspring, P. M.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
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Furstenberg, R.

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
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V. M. Andreev, A. S. Vlasov, V. P. Khvostikov, O. A. Khvostikova, P. Y. Gazaryan, S. V. Sorokina, and N. A. Sadchikov, “Solar thermophotovoltaic converters based on tungsten emitters,” J. Sol. Energy Eng. 129(3), 298 (2007).
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Geil, R. D.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
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Ghebrebrhan, M.

Giessen, H.

T. Utikal, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, M. Lippitz, and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the photonic band splitting in metallodielectric photonic crystal superlattices,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075101 (2011).
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Y. Guo, C. L. Cortes, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(13), 131106 (2012).
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Harder, N.-P.

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J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horowitz, K. A.

Huang, R.

W. Chan, R. Huang, C. Wang, J. Kassakian, J. Joannopoulos, and I. Celanovic, “Modeling low-bandgap thermophotovoltaic diodes for high-efficiency portable power generators,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(3), 509–514 (2010).
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Huang, R. K.

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ibanescu, M.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010), http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep .
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Jacob, Z.

S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A96–A110 (2013).
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Y. Guo, C. L. Cortes, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(13), 131106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jensen, K. F.

Joannopoulos, J.

W. Chan, R. Huang, C. Wang, J. Kassakian, J. Joannopoulos, and I. Celanovic, “Modeling low-bandgap thermophotovoltaic diodes for high-efficiency portable power generators,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(3), 509–514 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010), http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep .
[Crossref]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
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C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
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Jovanovic, N.

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, “Two-dimensional tungsten photonic crystals as selective thermal emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193101 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kassakian, J.

W. Chan, R. Huang, C. Wang, J. Kassakian, J. Joannopoulos, and I. Celanovic, “Modeling low-bandgap thermophotovoltaic diodes for high-efficiency portable power generators,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(3), 509–514 (2010).
[Crossref]

I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, “Two-dimensional tungsten photonic crystals as selective thermal emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193101 (2008).
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V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

White, J. O.

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Würfel, P.

N.-P. Harder and P. Würfel, “Theoretical limits of thermophotovoltaic solar energy conversion,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(5), S151–S157 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yeng, Y. X.

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, X.

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

T. Utikal, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, M. Lippitz, and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the photonic band splitting in metallodielectric photonic crystal superlattices,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

V. Rinnerbauer, A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. N. Wang, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Metallic photonic crystal absorber-emitter for efficient spectral control in high-temperature solar thermophotovoltaics,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(12), 1400334 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

X. Yu, Y.-J. Lee, R. Furstenberg, J. O. White, and P. V. Braun, “Filling fraction dependent properties of inverse opal metallic photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater. 19(13), 1689–1692 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Y. Guo, C. L. Cortes, S. Molesky, and Z. Jacob, “Broadband super-Planckian thermal emission from hyperbolic metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(13), 131106 (2012).
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E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Tungsten black absorber for solar light with wide angular operation range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(21), 211107 (2008).
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V. Stelmakh, V. Rinnerbauer, R. D. Geil, P. R. Aimone, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature tantalum tungsten alloy photonic crystals: Stability, optical properties, and fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(12), 123903 (2013).
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I. Celanovic, N. Jovanovic, and J. Kassakian, “Two-dimensional tungsten photonic crystals as selective thermal emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193101 (2008).
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V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012), http://www.stanford.edu/group/fan/S4/ .
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A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010), http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep .
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Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Recent developments in high-temperature photonic crystals for energy conversion,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(10), 8815 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

M. W. Dashiell, J. F. Beausang, H. Ehsani, G. Nichols, D. M. DePoy, L. R. Danielson, P. Talamo, K. D. Rahner, E. J. Brown, S. R. Burger, P. M. Fourspring, W. E. Topper, P. Baldasaro, C. A. Wang, R. K. Huang, M. K. Connors, G. W. Turner, Z. A. Shellenbarger, G. Taylor, J. Li, R. Martinelli, D. Donetski, S. Anikeev, G. L. Belenky, and S. Luryi, “Quaternary InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic diodes,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 53(12), 2879–2891 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, S. Savoy, and G. Shvets, “Metamaterial-based integrated plasmonic absorber/emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024005 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sol. Energy Eng. (1)

V. M. Andreev, A. S. Vlasov, V. P. Khvostikov, O. A. Khvostikova, P. Y. Gazaryan, S. V. Sorokina, and N. A. Sadchikov, “Solar thermophotovoltaic converters based on tungsten emitters,” J. Sol. Energy Eng. 129(3), 298 (2007).
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J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (2)

H. Schift, “Nanoimprint lithography: An old story in modern times? A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 26(2), 458 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Rinnerbauer, S. Ndao, Y. X. Yeng, R. D. Geil, J. J. Senkevich, K. F. Jensen, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Large-area fabrication of high aspect ratio tantalum photonic crystals for high-temperature selective emitters,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 31(1), 011802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Materials (1)

M.-L. V. Tse, Z. Liu, L.-H. Cho, C. Lu, P.-K. A. Wai, and H.-Y. Tam, “Superlattice microstructured optical fiber,” Materials 7(6), 4567–4573 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. Lenert, D. M. Bierman, Y. Nam, W. R. Chan, I. Celanović, M. Soljačić, and E. N. Wang, “A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(2), 126–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, “All-metallic three-dimensional photonic crystals with a large infrared bandgap,” Nature 417(6884), 52–55 (2002).
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Opt. Express (10)

E. Rephaeli and S. Fan, “Absorber and emitter for solar thermo-photovoltaic systems to achieve efficiency exceeding the Shockley-Queisser limit,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15145–15159 (2009).
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S. Molesky, C. J. Dewalt, and Z. Jacob, “High temperature epsilon-near-zero and epsilon-near-pole metamaterial emitters for thermophotovoltaics,” Opt. Express 21(S1Suppl 1), A96–A110 (2013).
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N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Design of wide-angle solar-selective absorbers using aperiodic metal-dielectric stacks,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22800–22812 (2009).
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P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
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N. P. Sergeant, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “High performance solar-selective absorbers using coated sub-wavelength gratings,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5525–5540 (2010).
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D. M. Callahan, K. A. Horowitz, and H. A. Atwater, “Light trapping in ultrathin silicon photonic crystal superlattices with randomly-textured dielectric incouplers,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30315–30326 (2013).
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V. Rinnerbauer, Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, J. J. Senkevich, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “High-temperature stability and selective thermal emission of polycrystalline tantalum photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11482–11491 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Neff and C. Summers, “A photonic crystal superlattice based on triangular lattice,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3166–3173 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, M. Ghebrebrhan, W. Chan, Y. X. Yeng, M. Araghchini, R. Hamam, C. H. Marton, K. F. Jensen, M. Soljačić, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and I. Celanovic, “Design and global optimization of high-efficiency thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A314–A334 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yeng, W. R. Chan, V. Rinnerbauer, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Performance analysis of experimentally viable photonic crystal enhanced thermophotovoltaic systems,” Opt. Express 21(S6Suppl 6), A1035–A1051 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, Y. X. Yeng, I. Celanovic, M. Soljačić, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Tailoring thermal emission via Q matching of photonic crystal resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 83(3), 033810 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

T. Utikal, T. Zentgraf, S. G. Tikhodeev, M. Lippitz, and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the photonic band splitting in metallodielectric photonic crystal superlattices,” Phys. Rev. B 84(7), 075101 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Argyropoulos, K. Q. Le, N. Mattiucci, G. D’Aguanno, and A. Alù, “Broadband absorbers and selective emitters based on plasmonic Brewster metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 87(20), 205112 (2013).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

Y. X. Yeng, M. Ghebrebrhan, P. Bermel, W. R. Chan, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljačić, and I. Celanovic, “Enabling high-temperature nanophotonics for energy applications,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(7), 2280–2285 (2012).
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A. Datas and C. Algora, “Global optimization of solar thermophotovoltaic systems,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1040–1055 (2013).

A. Datas and C. Algora, “Development and experimental evaluation of a complete solar thermophotovoltaic system,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21, 1099 (2012).

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

N.-P. Harder and P. Würfel, “Theoretical limits of thermophotovoltaic solar energy conversion,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(5), S151–S157 (2003).
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A. Steinfeld, “Solar thermochemical production of hydrogen - a review,” Sol. Energy 78(5), 603–615 (2005).
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Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

W. Chan, R. Huang, C. Wang, J. Kassakian, J. Joannopoulos, and I. Celanovic, “Modeling low-bandgap thermophotovoltaic diodes for high-efficiency portable power generators,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 94(3), 509–514 (2010).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Normal spectral absorptance for square lattice and superlattice with period a = 0.66 µm, radius r1 = 0.28 µm and r2 = 0.12 µm and depth d = 4.6 µm, and absorptance for bulk Ta at 1478 K [31] for comparison. Schematics of the lattices are shown for all PhC designs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Thermal transfer efficiency ηT and thermal emissivity ε at 1500 K and solar absorptivity α for PhC absorbers with r1 = 0.28 µm and increasing radius r2 of the superlattice cavities. (b) Thermal transfer efficiency at 1500 K and 250 suns for the superlattice absorber with period a = 0.66 µm and depth d = 4.6 µm in dependence of the cavity radii.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Normal spectral absorptance for: 1 the square lattice (cylindrical) PhC with a = 0.66 µm, r1 = 0.24 µm, and (polygonal) superlattice with 2: a = 0.6 µm, r1 = 0.27 µm, r2 = 0.1 µm, 3: a = 0.8 µm, r1 = 0.39 µm, r2 = 0.15 µm, 4: a = 1.0 µm, r1 = 0.49 µm, r2 = 0.24 µm; all with cavity depth d = 4.6 µm and antireflection coating of 40 nm HfO2, and solar spectrum AM1.5D (green trace).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic of the STPV configuration with area-optimized absorber/emitter pair and aperture. (b) STPV system efficiency dependence on incident irradiance for different AR using the polygonal superlattice PhC absorber (design 4) with Ag aperture and PhC emitter matched to an InGaAsSb PV cell (λPV = 2.3µm), and measured cell efficiency ηPV. System temperature T for the same system in dependence of irradiance (dashed lines, right axis). (c) Optical conversion efficiency ηopt of superlattice PhC, square lattice PhC and blackbody absorber with Ag aperture (solid lines) and without (dashed) for different AR at 1500K. (d) ηopt of superlattice PhC absorber for different STPV system configurations, all at 1500K with Ag aperture vs. absorber-to-emitter area ratio AR. The different cases were calculated for small scale 1 cm2 and large scale 100 cm2 device areas, and different reflection coefficients RPV on the PV cell side.

Equations (5)

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α ¯ = 1 H S 0 d λ ε ( λ ) S S ( λ ) ,
ε ¯ = 0 d λ ε ( λ ) / { λ 5 ( e h c λ k T 1 ) } 0 d λ / { λ 5 ( e h c λ k T 1 ) } ,
η T = α ¯ ε ¯ σ T 4 H s ,
η o p t = F V H S λ m i n λ P V d λ ε e f f ( λ ) 2 π h c ² λ 5 ( e h c λ k T 1 ) ,
η S T P V = η o p t η P V ,

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