Abstract

We report on the implementation of an all-solid-state optical parametric oscillator (OPO) laser system, pumped by a fiber laser, and extended by intra-cavity sum frequency generation (SFG) to provide tunable radiation with output powers well beyond 1 W in the visible regime between 605 and 616 nm. We use periodically poled sections for quasi phase-matched OPO and SFG processes, implemented on a single MgO:PPLN crystal. A Pound-Drever-Hall frequency stabilization reduces the laser linewidth to the range of 100 kHz (FWHM), determined by measurements of spectral hole burning in a rare-earth ion doped crystal as well as analysis of side-of-fringe transmission in a low finesse Fabry-Perot resonator.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(11), 2102–2116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.-M. Melkonian, T.-H. My, F. Bretenaker, C. Drag, “High spectral purity and tunable operation of a continuous singly resonant optical parametric oscillator emitting in the red,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 518–520 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. O. Mhibik, D. Pabœuf, C. Drag, F. Bretenaker, “Sub-kHz-level relative stabilization of an intracavity doubled continuous wave optical parametric oscillator using Pound-Drever-Hall scheme,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18049–18057 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. W. Wallace, “2.5-W, continuous-wave, 629-nm solid-state laser source,” Opt. Lett. 23(3), 207–209 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. T. Moore, K. Koch, “Optical parametric oscillation with intracavity sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 961–969 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. S. Chen, “Optically Induced Change of Refractive Indices in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3389–3396 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. L. Byer, “93% pump depletion, 3.5-W continuous-wave, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 21(17), 1336–1338 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Henderson, R. Stafford, “Spectral broadening and stimulated Raman conversion in a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 32(10), 1281–1283 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

W. R. Bosenberg, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, R. W. Wallace, “2.5-W, continuous-wave, 629-nm solid-state laser source,” Opt. Lett. 23(3), 207–209 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Moore, K. Koch, “Optical parametric oscillation with intracavity sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 961–969 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

F. S. Chen, “Optically Induced Change of Refractive Indices in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3389–3396 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Arslanov, D. D.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Bretenaker, F.

Byer, R. L.

Chen, F. S.

F. S. Chen, “Optically Induced Change of Refractive Indices in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3389–3396 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Cristescu, S. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Croci, M.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Drag, C.

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Halfmann, T.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Harren, F. J. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Heinze, G.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henderson, A.

Holliday, K.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hubrich, C.

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klieber, R.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koch, K.

G. T. Moore, K. Koch, “Optical parametric oscillation with intracavity sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 961–969 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kröll, S.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mandon, J.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Melkonian, J.-M.

Mhibik, O.

Mlynek, J.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moore, G. T.

G. T. Moore, K. Koch, “Optical parametric oscillation with intracavity sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 961–969 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

My, T.-H.

Myers, L. E.

Nilsson, M.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pabœuf, D.

Pershan, S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Persijn, S. T.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Rippe, L.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spunei, M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stafford, R.

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Suter, D.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vauthey, E.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, R. W.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wild, U. P.

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and Frequency Stabilization Using an Optical Resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. T. Moore, K. Koch, “Optical parametric oscillation with intracavity sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(3), 961–969 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. S. Chen, “Optically Induced Change of Refractive Indices in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(8), 3389–3396 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(2), 188–206 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, S. Pershan, “Interactions between Light Waves in a Nonlinear Dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, U. P. Wild, “Spectral hole burning and holography in an YSiO:Pr crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 47(22), 14741–14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B 70(21), 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. Heinze, C. Hubrich, T. Halfmann, “Stopped Light and Image Storage by Electromagnetically Induced Transparency up to the Regime of One Minute,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(3), 033601 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The upper dashed box shows the OPO-SFG setup. The lower dashed box schematically depicts the Pound-Drever-Hall (PDH) frequency stabilization, involving an electro-optic modulator (EOM) driven by a radio frequency (RF) oscillator (f = 6.25 MHz). PZT are piezo actuators, PD are photo diodes, M1 and M2 are high reflective mirrors used to set up the external PDH resonator, and PBSC is a polarizing beam splitter cube.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Coarse tuning range and output power of the free running OPO-SFG system. (b) Fine, continuous tuning of the output wavelength (red, solid curve) when a modulation voltage (black, dashed line) is applied to the PZT in the pump fiber laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission through a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer, proving single mode operation of the OPO-SFG system. FSR indicates the free spectral range of the interferometer (ΔνFSR = 1.033 GHz). (b) Long-term measurement of output power and wavelength of the free running OPO-SFG system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorption lines in a spectral pit in Pr:Y2SiO5, generated and probed by the OPO-SFG system. (b) Detailed spectrum of a single absorption line (indicated by the dashed box in (a)). Data points set in black, after averaging 128 single spectra. The red dashed line shows a Gaussian fit.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Frequency noise power spectral density (PSD) for the free running (black data points) and frequency stabilized (red data points) OPO-SFG system.

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