Abstract

We propose holographically recorded frequency-resolved-optical-gating (FROG) measurement for probing the evolution of ultrashort optical pulses at multiple locations. As a proof-of-concept demonstration of our method, we record holographic FROG traces at five axial locations as we traverse through the focus of an objective lens along its axis using BaTiO3 micro-cluster as the nonlinear medium and retrieve the amplitude and phase of the ultrashort pulse at each location. Moreover, the group delay of the pulse retrieved numerically using FROG holography is used to compute the separation between the five locations which agree well with the experimentally measured distances. This study suggests that FROG holography can be used to remove the ambiguity regarding arbitrary constant phase and arbitrary temporal shift in the retrieved pulse at each location (upto to an overall constant phase).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (4)

S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. M. Heidt, A. Hartung, E. G. Rohwer, H. Bartelt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, “Generation of high quality, 1.3 cycle pulses by active phase control of an octave spanning supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20151–20158 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hildner, D. Brinks, N. F. van Hulst, “Femtosecond coherence and quantum control of single molecules at room temperature,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 172–177 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Alonso, Í. J. Sola, Ó. Varela, J. Hernández-Toro, C. Méndez, J. San Román, A. Zaïr, L. Roso, “Spatiotemporal amplitude-and-phase reconstruction by Fourier-transform of interference spectra of high-complex-beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(5), 933–940 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

2002 (3)

2000 (1)

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, M. Motzkus, “Adaptive compression of tunable pulses from a noncollinear-type OPA to below 16 fs by feedback-controlled pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S125–S131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

Aeschlimann, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akturk, S.

Alonso, B.

Austin, D. R.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avlasevich, Y.

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartelt, H.

Bauer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayer, D.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergman, D. J.

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, D. J. Bergman, “Coherent control of femtosecond energy localization in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 067402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonacina, L.

Bondareff, P.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borrego-Varillas, R.

Bowlan, P.

Brinks, D.

R. Hildner, D. Brinks, N. F. van Hulst, “Femtosecond coherence and quantum control of single molecules at room temperature,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 172–177 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brumer, P.

M. Shapiro, P. Brumer, “Quantum control of bound and continuum state dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 425(4), 195–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chatel, B.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Courvoisier, F.

Cunovic, S.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dantus, M.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demmler, S.

Dimler, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

Downer, M. C.

Durach, M.

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Extermann, J.

Faleev, S. V.

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, D. J. Bergman, “Coherent control of femtosecond energy localization in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 067402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, A.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freudiger, C. W.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuchs, U.

Gabolde, P.

Galez, C.

Gerber, G.

P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gigan, S.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Hernández-Toro, J.

Hildner, R.

R. Hildner, D. Brinks, N. F. van Hulst, “Femtosecond coherence and quantum control of single molecules at room temperature,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 172–177 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holtom, G. R.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hornung, T.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, M. Motzkus, “Adaptive compression of tunable pulses from a noncollinear-type OPA to below 16 fs by feedback-controlled pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S125–S131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Jia, Y.

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

Kannari, F.

Kiselev, D.

Kosik, E. M.

Kulzer, F.

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Dantec, R.

Li, H.

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, Z.

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McCabe, D. J.

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGresham, K.

Méndez, C.

Mendoza-Yero, O.

Meshulach, D.

Min, W.

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mínguez-Vega, G.

Motzkus, M.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, M. Motzkus, “Adaptive compression of tunable pulses from a noncollinear-type OPA to below 16 fs by feedback-controlled pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S125–S131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, Y.

Müllen, K.

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K.

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuernberger, P.

P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeiffer, W.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proch, D.

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, M. Motzkus, “Adaptive compression of tunable pulses from a noncollinear-type OPA to below 16 fs by feedback-controlled pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S125–S131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rohmer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rohwer, E. G.

Román, J.

Roso, L.

Rothhardt, J.

Rusina, A.

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

San Román, J.

Schneider, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, M.

M. Shapiro, P. Brumer, “Quantum control of bound and continuum state dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 425(4), 195–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shi, K.

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shreenath, A.

Siders, C. W.

Silberberg, Y.

Sola, Í.

Sola, Í. J.

Steeb, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stefani, F. D.

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Stockman, M. I.

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, D. J. Bergman, “Coherent control of femtosecond energy localization in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 067402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strüber, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
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D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
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D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
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M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
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H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
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H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
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H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
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H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Zeidler, T. Hornung, D. Proch, M. Motzkus, “Adaptive compression of tunable pulses from a noncollinear-type OPA to below 16 fs by feedback-controlled pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B 70(S1), S125–S131 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Li, Z. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Shi, Y. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, “Characterizing ultrashort optical pulses using second-order nonlinear nanoprobes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(26), 261108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nano Lett. (1)

M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, K. Nelson, “Toward full spatiotemporal control on the nanoscale,” Nano Lett. 7(10), 3145–3149 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

D. J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D. R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I. A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, “Spatio-temporal focusing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium,” Nat. Commun. 2, 447 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. W. Freudiger, W. Min, G. R. Holtom, B. Xu, M. Dantus, X. S. Xie, “Highly specific label-free molecular imaging with spectrally tailored excitation stimulated Raman scattering (STE-SRS) microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 103–109 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

R. Hildner, D. Brinks, N. F. van Hulst, “Femtosecond coherence and quantum control of single molecules at room temperature,” Nat. Phys. 7(2), 172–177 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. Brinks, F. D. Stefani, F. Kulzer, R. Hildner, T. H. Taminiau, Y. Avlasevich, K. Müllen, N. F. van Hulst, “Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules,” Nature 465(7300), 905–908 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. Nuernberger, G. Vogt, T. Brixner, G. Gerber, “Femtosecond quantum control of molecular dynamics in the condensed phase,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9(20), 2470–2497 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rep. (1)

M. Shapiro, P. Brumer, “Quantum control of bound and continuum state dynamics,” Phys. Rep. 425(4), 195–264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. I. Stockman, S. V. Faleev, D. J. Bergman, “Coherent control of femtosecond energy localization in nanosystems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 067402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 2006).

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Simulated HcFROG trace and (b) its 2D Fourier transform. The d.c. and HcFROG term are highlighted.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of our experimental setup. (b) The inset shows SEM image of the BaTiO3 micro-cluster used for generating FROG signal. (c) Typical recorded HcFROG trace. The fringe structure can be seen along both delay and wavelength dimension.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse characterization at multiple locations using FROG holography. (a) Retrieved pulse profile (amplitude and phase, FWHM ~89 fs) at each position; (b) Comparison of both fundamental and SH power spectrum of the retrieved pulse at each position with measured power spectra (black squares) (FWHM ~12 nm) (c) Comparison between retrieved and experimentally recorded spatial separation between each location with respect to pivot. The table in inset lists actual values in μm .

Equations (4)

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I HcFROG ( r ,ω,τ)= | F.T.[ κ ( E( r ,t)+E( r ,tτ) ) 2 + E R SHG (t) ] | 2
I HcFROG ( r ,Ω,τ)=| E SHG ( r ,Ω)+ E SHG ( r ,Ω) e iΩτ e i2 ω 0 τ + E FROG ( r ,Ω,τ) e i ω 0 τ + E R (Ω) | 2
e iΔΦ( r i , r j ) =( e i Φ FROG ( r i ,Ω,τ) / e i Φ FROG ( r j ,Ω,τ) )
E ˜ ( r pivot ,t)= I( r pivot ,t) exp iφ( r pivot ,t) = E ˜ sig ( r pivot ,t,τ)dτ E ˜ sig ( r pivot ,t,τ)dtdτ

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