In this paper we describe a high-resolution, low-noise phase-shifting algorithm applied to 360 degree digitizing of solids with diffuse light scattering surface. A 360 degree profilometer needs to rotate the object a full revolution to digitize a three-dimensional (3D) solid. Although 360 degree profilometry is not new, we are proposing however a new experimental set-up which permits full phase-bandwidth phase-measuring algorithms. The first advantage of our solid profilometer is: it uses base-band, phase-stepping algorithms providing full data phase-bandwidth. This contrasts with band-pass, spatial-carrier Fourier profilometry which typically uses 1/3 of the fringe data-bandwidth. In addition phase-measuring is generally more accurate than single line-projection, non-coherent, intensity-based line detection algorithms. Second advantage: new fringe-projection set-up which avoids self-occluding fringe-shadows for convex solids. Previous 360 degree fringe-projection profilometers generate self-occluding shadows because of the elevation illumination angles. Third advantage: trivial line-by-line fringe-data assembling based on a single cylindrical coordinate system shared by all 360-degree perspectives. This contrasts with multi-view overlapping fringe-projection systems which use iterative closest point (ICP) algorithms to fusion the 3D-data cloud within a single coordinate system (e.g. Geomagic). Finally we used a 400 steps/rotation turntable, and a 640x480 pixels CCD camera. Higher 3D digitized surface resolutions and less-noisy phase measurements are trivial by increasing the angular-spatial resolution and phase-steps number without any substantial change on our 360 degree profilometer.
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