Abstract

We report the first demonstration of an inline few-mode thulium doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) operating at 2μm for mode division multiplexed transmission. Similar gain and noise figure performance for both the LP01 and LP11 modes are obtained in a cladding pumped 2-mode group TDFA. A maximum gain of 18.3dB was measured at 1970nm with a 3dB gain bandwidth of 75nm while the average noise figure was measured to be between 7 and 8dB for wavelengths longer than 1970nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2014 (1)

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (7)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Mumtaz, R.-J. Essiambre, G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear propagation in multimode and multicore fibers: generalisation of the Manakov equations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(3), 398–406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9289–9297 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800 - 2050 nm window,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26450–26455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. K. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (5)

2009 (1)

1996 (1)

D. M. Baney, J. Stimple, “WDM EDFA gain characterization with a reduced set of saturating channels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(12), 1615–1617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Agrawal, G. P.

Akamatsu, T.

Alam, S.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S. U.

Alam, S.-U.

Awaji, Y.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baddela, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Baddela, N. K.

Baney, D. M.

D. M. Baney, J. Stimple, “WDM EDFA gain characterization with a reduced set of saturating channels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(12), 1615–1617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E. C.

Chen, H.

Corbett, B.

Daniel, J. M. O.

de Waardt, H.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7Tb/s (96x3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dhar, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Ellis, A. D.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Fokoua, E.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gray, D.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Gray, D. R.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Hayes, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, J. R.

Heidt, A. M.

Inan, B.

Ishida, I.

Jakobsen, C.

Jung, Y.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800 - 2050 nm window,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26450–26455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9289–9297 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7Tb/s (96x3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Q.

Kelly, B.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kosihba, M.

Kuschnerov, M.

Li, Z.

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. K. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9289–9297 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800 - 2050 nm window,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26450–26455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Lingle, R.

Lyngsø, J. K.

MacSuibhne, N.

Mangan, B. J.

Matsuo, S.

McCurdy, A. H.

Monberg, E. M.

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Numkam, E.

O’Carroll, J.

Okuyama, K.

Pálsdóttir, B.

Parmigiani, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

Peckham, D. W.

Petropoulos, P.

Petrovich, M.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M. N.

Phelan, R.

Poletti, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. K. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7Tb/s (96x3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

Richardson, D.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800 - 2050 nm window,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26450–26455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. K. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9289–9297 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7Tb/s (96x3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Ryf, R.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Saitoh, K.

Sasaki, Y.

Sierra, A.

Simakov, N.

Slavík, R.

Sleiffer, V.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

Stimple, J.

D. M. Baney, J. Stimple, “WDM EDFA gain characterization with a reduced set of saturating channels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(12), 1615–1617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Surof, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Takenaga, K.

Taunay, T. F.

Teh, P. S.

van Uden, R. G. H.

Veljanovski, V.

Wheeler, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wheeler, N. V.

Winfield, R.

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wooler, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wooler, J. P.

Yan, M. F.

Zhao, J.

Zhu, B.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. J. Winzer, D. Richardson, F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. M. Baney, J. Stimple, “WDM EDFA gain characterization with a reduced set of saturating channels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(12), 1615–1617 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Mumtaz, R.-J. Essiambre, G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear propagation in multimode and multicore fibers: generalisation of the Manakov equations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(3), 398–406 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Poletti, N. V. Wheeler, M. N. Petrovich, N. K. Baddela, E. Numkam, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, Z. Li, R. Slavík, D. J. Richardson, “Towards high-capacity fibre optic communications at the speed of light in vacuum,” Nat. Photonics 7(4), 279–284 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

J. K. Lyngsø, B. J. Mangan, C. Jakobsen, P. J. Roberts, “7-cell core hollow-core photonic crystal fibers with low loss in the spectral region around 2 μm,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23468–23473 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, J. M. O. Daniel, Y. Jung, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Thulium-doped fiber amplifier for optical communications at 2 µm,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9289–9297 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, A. M. Heidt, N. Simakov, Y. Jung, J. M. O. Daniel, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Diode-pumped wideband thulium-doped fiber amplifiers for optical communications in the 1800 - 2050 nm window,” Opt. Express 21(22), 26450–26455 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, J. P. Wooler, A. M. Heidt, N. K. Baddela, Z. Li, D. R. Gray, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, N. V. Wheeler, J. R. Hayes, E. Numkam, L. Grűner-Nielsen, B. Pálsdóttir, R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, M. Becker, N. MacSuibhne, J. Zhao, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, P. Petropoulos, S. U. Alam, D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of amplified data transmission at 2 µm in a low-loss wide bandwidth hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28559–28569 (2013).

K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, D. J. DiGiovanni, V. R. Supradeepa, J. M. Fini, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “Cladding-pumped erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20191–20200 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7Tb/s (96x3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Matsuo, Y. Sasaki, T. Akamatsu, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, K. Okuyama, K. Saitoh, M. Kosihba, “12-core fiber with one ring structure for extremely large capacity transmission,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28398–28408 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

N. Mac Suibhne, Z. Li, B. Baeuerle, J. Zhao, J. Wooler, S. Alam, F. Poletti, M. Petrovich, A. Heidt, N. Wheeler, N. Baddela, E. R. Numkam Fokoua, I. Giles, D. Giles, R. Phelan, J. O'Carroll, B. Kelly, B. Corbett, D. Murphy, A. D. Ellis, D. J. Richardson, and F. Garcia Gunning, “WDM transmission at 2μm over low-loss hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2013, paper OW1I.6.
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIB Systems and Networks, Sixth Edition (Elsevier, 2013).

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, “146λx6x19-Gbaud wavelength and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10x50km spans of few-mode fiber with a gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2013, paper PDP5A.2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the TM-TDFA using backward cladding pumping at 790nm. BS: non-polarizing beam splitter, PP: phase plate, DM: dichroic mirror, SMF: single mode fiber, MMF: multimode fiber, TMF: passive 2-mode group fiber, TM-TDF: 2-mode group thulium doped fiber, AMP: amplifier (TDFA), NBPF: narrow bandpass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Refractive index and mode profiles of the (in-house fabricated) TM-TDF, and (b) signal mode profiles after passive TMF (top row), across the splice (middle row) and after amplification (bottom row).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured modal gain (a) and noise figure (b) as a function of wavelength at a fixed input probe signal power of −15dBm and pump power of 3.2W. Inset: output spectra of the fiber amplifier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured modal gain as a function of (a) input probe signal power at a fixed pump power (3.2W) and (b) cladding pump power at a fixed probe signal power (−15dBm).

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