Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate fiber nonlinearity compensation in dual polarization coherent optical OFDM (DP CO-OFDM) systems using mid-span spectral inversion (MSSI). We use third-order nonlinearity between a pump and the signal in a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) for MSSI. Maximum launch powers at FEC threshold for two 10 × 80-km 16-QAM OFDM systems were increased by 6.4 dB at a 121-Gb/s data rate and 2.8 dB at 1.2 Tb/s. The experimental results are the first demonstration of using MSSI for nonlinearity compensation in any dual polarization coherent system. Simulations show that these increases could support a 22% increase in total transmission distance at 1.2-Tb/s system without increasing the number of inline amplifiers, by extending the fiber spans from 90 to 110 km. When spans of 80 km are used, simulations reveal that MSSI system performance shows less degradation with increasing transmission distance, and an overall transmission distance increase of more than 70% is expected using MSSI.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (4)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “On four-wave mixing suppression in dispersion-managed fiber-optic OFDM systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1678–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “Analysis of four-wave mixing suppression in fiber-optic OFDM transmission systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE OSA Journal of 2(9), 701–710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, Z. Jian, D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12965–12970 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 919–921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Minzioni, F. Alberti, A. Schiffini, “Optimized link design for nonlinearity cancellation by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 813–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alberti, F.

P. Minzioni, F. Alberti, A. Schiffini, “Optimized link design for nonlinearity cancellation by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 813–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bao, H.

Buchali, F.

Calabro, S.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Calabrò, S.

Cambon, P.

Cho, P.

Climent, C.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Cotter, D.

Cristiani, I.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Degiorgio, V.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Du, L. B.

M. Morshed, A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Improving performance of optical phase conjugation by splitting the nonlinear element,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4567–4577 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, “Mid-span spectral inversion for coherent optical OFDM systems: Fundamental limits to performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(1), 58–66 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Du, M. M. Morshed, A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation for OFDM super-channels using optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Express 20(18), 19921–19927 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, B. Foo, M. D. Pelusi, A. J. Lowery, “Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity compensation of 1.21-Tb/s pol-mux coherent optical OFDM,” in 18th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference(Kyoto, Japan, 2013), pp. PD 3–4.

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, “Performance limitation of coherent optical OFDM systems with non-ideal optical phase conjugation,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)(Burlingame, CA, 2012), pp. 394–395, TuU.
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre, “Exploring capacity limits of fibre-optic communication systems,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC(2008), p. We.1.E.1.
[CrossRef]

Fair, I. J.

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “On four-wave mixing suppression in dispersion-managed fiber-optic OFDM systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1678–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “Analysis of four-wave mixing suppression in fiber-optic OFDM transmission systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE OSA Journal of 2(9), 701–710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fatadin, I.

Fejer, M. M.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Foo, B.

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, B. Foo, M. D. Pelusi, A. J. Lowery, “Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity compensation of 1.21-Tb/s pol-mux coherent optical OFDM,” in 18th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference(Kyoto, Japan, 2013), pp. PD 3–4.

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hecker-Denschlag, N.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Hong, Y.

Inoue, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ives, D.

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. Schenk, H. Tanaka, “Long-haul transmission of16×52.5 Gbits/s polarization-division-multiplexed OFDM enabled by MIMO processing (Invited),” J. Opt. Netw. 7(2), 173–182 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Jian, Z.

Kalogerakis, G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karagodsky, V.

Karlsson, M.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Khurgin, J.

Koonen, T.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Krummrich, P. M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Langrock, C.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, S.

Leisching, P.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Liu, X.

Lowery, A. J.

Marazzi, L.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meiman, Y.

Minzioni, P.

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Minzioni, F. Alberti, A. Schiffini, “Optimized link design for nonlinearity cancellation by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 813–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morita, I.

Morshed, M.

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, “Mid-span spectral inversion for coherent optical OFDM systems: Fundamental limits to performance,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(1), 58–66 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Morshed, A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Improving performance of optical phase conjugation by splitting the nonlinear element,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4567–4577 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, B. Foo, M. D. Pelusi, A. J. Lowery, “Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity compensation of 1.21-Tb/s pol-mux coherent optical OFDM,” in 18th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference(Kyoto, Japan, 2013), pp. PD 3–4.

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, “Performance limitation of coherent optical OFDM systems with non-ideal optical phase conjugation,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)(Burlingame, CA, 2012), pp. 394–395, TuU.
[CrossRef]

Morshed, M. M.

Nazarathy, M.

Noe, R.

Oda, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pechenkin, V.

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “On four-wave mixing suppression in dispersion-managed fiber-optic OFDM systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1678–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “Analysis of four-wave mixing suppression in fiber-optic OFDM transmission systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE OSA Journal of 2(9), 701–710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, “Fiber looped phase conjugation of polarization multiplexed signals for pre-compensation of fiber nonlinearity effect,” Opt. Express 21(18), 21423–21432 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, B. Foo, M. D. Pelusi, A. J. Lowery, “Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity compensation of 1.21-Tb/s pol-mux coherent optical OFDM,” in 18th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference(Kyoto, Japan, 2013), pp. PD 3–4.

Rosenkranz, W.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Savory, S. J.

Schenk, T. C.

Schiffini, A.

P. Minzioni, F. Alberti, A. Schiffini, “Optimized link design for nonlinearity cancellation by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 813–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serbay, M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, H. Bao, Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express 16(2), 841–859 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 919–921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shpantzer, I.

Sohler, W.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Spalter, S.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Spinnler, B.

Suche, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Tanaka, H.

Tang, Y.

Tkach, R. W.

Tsuritani, T.

van den Borne, D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, B. Spinnler, S. Calabrò, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Optical phase conjugation for ultra long-haul phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 54–64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Viterbo, E.

Weidenfeld, R.

Wei-Ren, P.

Weiske, C. J.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

Xingwen, Y.

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 919–921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, T.

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 919–921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, L. G. Kazovsky, “Gain reciprocity in fibre optical parametric amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 42(9), 519–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

P. Minzioni, F. Alberti, A. Schiffini, “Optimized link design for nonlinearity cancellation by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 813–815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, “Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 919–921 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Minzioni, I. Cristiani, V. Degiorgio, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, “Experimental demonstration of nonlinearity and dispersion compensation in an embedded link by optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(9), 995–997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (7)

Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE OSA Journal of (1)

V. Pechenkin, I. J. Fair, “Analysis of four-wave mixing suppression in fiber-optic OFDM transmission systems with an optical phase conjugation module,” Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE OSA Journal of 2(9), 701–710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, B. Foo, M. D. Pelusi, A. J. Lowery, “Optical phase conjugation for nonlinearity compensation of 1.21-Tb/s pol-mux coherent optical OFDM,” in 18th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference(Kyoto, Japan, 2013), pp. PD 3–4.

K. Solis-Trapala, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Nearly-Ideal Optical Phase Conjugation based Nonlinear Compensation System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2014), p. W3F.8.
[CrossRef]

I. Phillips, M. Tan, M. F. Stephens, M. McCarthy, E. Giacoumidis, S. Sygletos, P. Rosa, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, T. Kanesan, S. K. Turitsyn, N. J. Doran, P. Harper, and A. D. Ellis, “Exceeding the Nonlinear-Shannon Limit using Raman Laser Based Amplification and Optical Phase Conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2014), p. M3C.1.
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, M. Dinu, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, C. Xie, M. Montoliu, S. Randel, and C. McKinstrie, “Fiber Nonlinearity Compensation of an 8-channel WDM PDM-QPSK Signal using Multiple Phase Conjugations,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, San Francisco, California, 2014), p. M3C.2.
[CrossRef]

L. B. Du, M. M. Morshed, and A. J. Lowery, “604-Gb/s coherent optical OFDM over 800 km of S-SMF with mid-span spectral inversion,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (Busan, 2012), pp. 3B2–3.
[CrossRef]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, C. Climent, M. Serbay, C. J. Weiske, H. Suche, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spalter, S. Calabro, N. Hecker-Denschlag, P. Leisching, W. Rosenkranz, W. Sohler, G. D. Khoe, T. Koonen, H. de Waardt, “10,200 km 22×2×10 Gbit/s RZ-DQPSK dense WDM transmission without inline dispersion compensation through optical phase conjugation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC)(2005), p. PDP 28.

R.-J. Essiambre, “Exploring capacity limits of fibre-optic communication systems,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC(2008), p. We.1.E.1.
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-optic Communication Systems (Wiley and Sons, 2010).

M. Morshed, L. B. Du, A. J. Lowery, “Performance limitation of coherent optical OFDM systems with non-ideal optical phase conjugation,” in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC)(Burlingame, CA, 2012), pp. 394–395, TuU.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System diagram showing experimental setup (a) Transmitter; (b) Receiver; (c) The optical link with MSSI. ECL: External Cavity Laser; C-MZM: Complex Mach-Zehnder Modulator, (PM) EDFA: (Polarization Maintaining) Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier; WSS: Wavelength Selective Switch; LO: Local Oscillator; PC: Polarization Controller; DSO: Real-Time Digital Sampling Oscilloscope; HNLF: Highly Nonlinear Fiber; DCF: Dispersion Compensating Fiber; BPF: Band-Pass Filter; S-SMF: Standard Single Mode Fiber; AWG: Arbitrary Waveform Generator; DSP: Digital Signal Processing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Back-to-back performance of the MSSI system for 121-Gb/s system. Launch power is measured at the output of the EDFA after the DCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q versus launch power after 800 km with and without MSSI for 121-Gb/s system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for the 1.21Tb/s system: (a) Comb generator; (b) Combining the signal and pump for Tb/s MSSI system; (c) Spectra. PM: Phase Modulator; WSS: Wavelength Selective Switch; PC: Polarization Controller; ECL: External Cavity Laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Q versus launch power after 10 × 80-km with and without MSSI for the 1.21-Tb/s system.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER for 20 channels after 800 km at two launch powers, with and without MSSI for the 1.21-Tb/s system.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Q versus launch power with and without MSSI for single polarization 160-GHz OFDM super channel with different span lengths (10 × 80 km, 10 × 90 km and 10 × 110 km). (b) Optimum performance and improvement versus span length. HLNF length, L = 45m, OPC conversion efficiency, CE = −24 dB, and number of spans = 10.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Q versus launch power with and without MSSI for single polarization 160-GHz OFDM super channel (for three transmission distance: 10 × 80km, 12 × 80km, 14 × 80km). (b) Q at optimum power, and Q improvement versus transmission distance. HLNF length, L = 45m, OPC conversion efficiency, CE = −24 dB, and span length = 80km.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Q performance versus launch power with reference system and MSSI system for different total inversion loss; (b) Improvement in maximum Q performance versus total insertion loss. IL: Insertion loss; CE: Conversion Efficiency.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Improvement in maximum Q performance versus OPC conversion efficiency and HNLF length.

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