Abstract

Using a two-layer structure consisting of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) to support graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), we demonstrate a flexible integrated graphene saturable absorber (SA) on microfiber for passive mode-locked soliton fiber laser. This method can optimize the light-graphene interaction by using evanescent field in the integration structure. Moreover, the fiber laser with the in-line microfiber-to-graphene SA can realize the tunabilities of both the 3dB bandwidth of output optical spectrum and the pulse width of soliton. This tunable mode-locked soliton laser has potential applications in optical communication, optical microscopy, and so on.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Martinez, Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. K. Geim, “Graphene: status and prospects,” Science 324(5934), 1530–1534 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai, X. Li, J. W. Suk, J. R. Potts, R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 22(35), 3906–3924 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Xing, H. Guo, X. Zhang, T. C. Sum, C. H. A. Huan, “The Physics of ultrafast saturable absorption in graphene,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4564–4573 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Martinez, S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. B. Liu, X. He, D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3024–3026 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. T. Kim, C. G. Choi, “Graphene-based polymer waveguide polarizer,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3556–3562 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. L. McCall, E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(21), 908–911 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  32. H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  33. X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  35. N. Tzoar, M. Jain, “Self-phase modulation in long-geometry optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 23(3), 1266–1270 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  36. B. Zysset, P. Beaud, W. Hodel, “Generation of optical solitons in the wavelength region 1.37–1.49 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(16), 1027–1029 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  37. F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
    [PubMed]

2013 (9)

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 842–845 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

J. T. Kim, C. G. Choi, “Graphene-based polymer waveguide polarizer,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3556–3562 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Liu, X. He, D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36(16), 3024–3026 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (9)

G. Xing, H. Guo, X. Zhang, T. C. Sum, C. H. A. Huan, “The Physics of ultrafast saturable absorption in graphene,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4564–4573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. M. Chang, H. Kim, J. H. Lee, Y. W. Song, “Multilayered graphene efficiently formed by mechanical exfoliation for nonlinear saturable absorbers in fiber mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai, X. Li, J. W. Suk, J. R. Potts, R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 22(35), 3906–3924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Geim, “Graphene: status and prospects,” Science 324(5934), 1530–1534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Senoo, N. Nishizawa, Y. Sakakibara, K. Sumimura, E. Itoga, H. Kataura, K. Itoh, “Polarization-maintaining, high-energy, wavelength-tunable, Er-doped ultrashort pulse fiber laser using carbon-nanotube polyimide film,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20233–20241 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

B. Zysset, P. Beaud, W. Hodel, “Generation of optical solitons in the wavelength region 1.37–1.49 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(16), 1027–1029 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

N. Tzoar, M. Jain, “Self-phase modulation in long-geometry optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 23(3), 1266–1270 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

S. L. McCall, E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency by pulsed coherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(21), 908–911 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Abramski, K. M.

Bae, M. K.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaud, P.

B. Zysset, P. Beaud, W. Hodel, “Generation of optical solitons in the wavelength region 1.37–1.49 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(16), 1027–1029 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai, X. Li, J. W. Suk, J. R. Potts, R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 22(35), 3906–3924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Casiraghi, C.

A. C. Ferrari, J. C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. S. Novoselov, S. Roth, A. K. Geim, “Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. M.

Y. M. Chang, H. Kim, J. H. Lee, Y. W. Song, “Multilayered graphene efficiently formed by mechanical exfoliation for nonlinear saturable absorbers in fiber mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(21), 211102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. D.

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. S.

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choi, C. G.

Cui, Y. D.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Deng, Z. C.

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Z. P.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. G.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. B. Liu, J. G. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tjin, S. C.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tzoar, N.

N. Tzoar, M. Jain, “Self-phase modulation in long-geometry optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 23(3), 1266–1270 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F. Q.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xin, W.

Xing, F.

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xing, G.

Xu, C.

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

A. Martinez, S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X. Q.

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q.

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, X.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zdrojek, M.

Zeng, C.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C. P.

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, B. Wang, Z. H. Ni, C. Haley, Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, K. P. Loh, “Broadband graphene polarizer,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 411–415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, C. Y.

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, M.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai, X. Li, J. W. Suk, J. R. Potts, R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 22(35), 3906–3924 (2010).
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B. Zysset, P. Beaud, W. Hodel, “Generation of optical solitons in the wavelength region 1.37–1.49 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50(16), 1027–1029 (1987).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube–polymer composites for ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3874–3899 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, S. Murali, W. Cai, X. Li, J. W. Suk, J. R. Potts, R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene and graphene oxide: synthesis, properties, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 22(35), 3906–3924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, S. Yamashita, “10 GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(4), 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, M. Li, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser using optically deposited graphene saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131117 (2013).
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[CrossRef]

Carbon (1)

X. D. Chen, Z. B. Liu, C. Y. Zheng, F. Xing, X. Q. Yan, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “High-quality and efficient transfer of large-area graphene films onto different substrates,” Carbon 56, 271–278 (2013).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. He, Z. B. Liu, D. Wang, M. Yang, T. Y. Hu, J. G. Tian, “Saturable absorber based on graphene-covered-microfiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(14), 1392–1394 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. Wang, Z. Luo, M. Zhou, C. Ye, H. Fu, Z. Cai, H. Cheng, H. Xu, W. Qi, “Evanescent-light deposition of graphene onto tapered fibers for passive Q-switch and mode-locker,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1295–1305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

X. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, K. Wu, P. Shum, X. Yu, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “All-normal-dispersion passively mode-locked Yb-doped fiber ring laser based on a graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(7), 075108 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, “Compact graphene mode-locked wavelength-tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers: from all anomalous dispersion to all normal dispersion,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(8), 591–596 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Res. (1)

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, “A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene-mode-locked, ultrafast laser,” Nano Res. 3(9), 653–660 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (4)

C. Xu, F. W. Wise, “Recent advances in fibre lasers for nonlinear microscopy,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 875–882 (2013).
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Sci Rep (2)

F. Xing, Z. B. Liu, Z. C. Deng, X. T. Kong, X. Q. Yan, X. D. Chen, Q. Ye, C. P. Zhang, Y. S. Chen, J. G. Tian, “Sensitive real-time monitoring of refractive indexes using a novel graphene-based optical sensor,” Sci Rep 2, 908 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
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K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Preparation of an optimized SSA based on microfiber. (a) Schematic diagram of the experimental procedure for manufacturing the microfiber based SSA. (b) and (c) Pictures of the flexible PDMS/PET film and the SSA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photograph of PET/PDMS/graphene structure. (b) and (c) SEM image and Raman spectrum of graphene sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The transmittance of TE and TM modes for three samples as a function of incident peak power density.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The experimental setup of the SSA based passive mode-locked soliton fiber laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mode-locked soliton pulses output performance of sample C. (a) and (b) Tunable 3 dB spectral bandwidth from 2.04 to 8.13 nm and FWHM of autocorrelation trace from 556 to 450 fs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Mode-locked soliton pulses output performance of sample A. (a) and (b) Tunable 3 dB spectral bandwidth from 2.44 to 10.02 nm and FWHM of autocorrelation trace from 555 to 390 fs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Mode-locked soliton pulses output performance of sample B. (a) and (b) Tunable 3 dB spectral bandwidth from 4.49 to 7.43 nm and FWHM of autocorrelation trace from 522 to 459 fs.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Oscilloscope trace of three samples at different modes.

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