Abstract

A full-duplex lightwave transmission system employing innovative VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converters to deliver intensity-modulated CATV/phase-modulated RoF/intensity-remodulated RoF signals over two 40-km SMFs links is proposed and demonstrated. To be the first one of employing VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converters in full-duplex lightwave transmission systems, the downstream light is successfully intensity-remodulated with RoF signal for up-link transmission. Good performances of CNR/CSO/CTB are achieved for downstream CATV signal transmission, and low BER values are obtained for both downstream and upstream RoF signals transmissions. Our proposed systems present brilliant performances in delivering hybrid CATV and RoF signals. Such a full-duplex lightwave transmission system would be very attractive for fiber trunk applications to provide broadband integrated services.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013

2012

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Kou, H. Nishi, T. Tsuchizawa, H. Fukuda, H. Shinojima, K. Yamada, “Single silicon wire waveguide based delay line interferometer for DPSK demodulation,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11037–11045 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

H. C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. I. Lin, H. H. Lu, H. C. Peng, C. H. Huang, “Direct-detection full-duplex radio-over-fiber transport systems,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3319–3321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S.-C. Chan, J.-M. Liu, “Frequency modulation on single sideband using controlled dynamics of an optical Injected semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 699–705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

Azaña, J.

Bhooplapur, S.

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chan, S.-C.

S.-C. Chan, J.-M. Liu, “Frequency modulation on single sideband using controlled dynamics of an optical Injected semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 699–705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

Chen, H. W.

Chen, R. T.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

H. C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P.

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, Y.

Y. Du, G. P. Zhang, “Photonic data selector based on cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proc. Photo and Optoelectron, 1–3 (2012).

Emplit, P.

Foursa, D.

Fukuda, H.

Gao, M. C.

Haelterman, M.

Hoghooghi, N.

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, A.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Jamshidi, K.

Ji, H. C.

H. C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

Kim, H.

H. C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kou, R.

Lau, E. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Leners, R.

Li, M.

Lin, C.-Y.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. I.

Lin, Y. P.

Liu, J.

Liu, J.-M.

S.-C. Chan, J.-M. Liu, “Frequency modulation on single sideband using controlled dynamics of an optical Injected semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 699–705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H. H.

Nishi, H.

Ott, D. M.

Ozdur, I.

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

Peng, H. C.

Phillips, M. R.

Preussler, S.

Schneider, T.

Shinojima, H.

Sung, H. K.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Wang, A. X.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Wang, L.

Wang, S.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J. Y.

Wiatrek, A.

Wu, M. C.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P. Y.

Yamada, K.

Yan, L.

Yao, J.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. P.

Y. Du, G. P. Zhang, “Photonic data selector based on cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proc. Photo and Optoelectron, 1–3 (2012).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

Zhu, N.

Zou, X.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S.-C. Chan, J.-M. Liu, “Frequency modulation on single sideband using controlled dynamics of an optical Injected semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(7), 699–705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, “Optical single sideband modulation using strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(13), 1005–1007 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Hoghooghi, I. Ozdur, S. Bhooplapur, P. Delfyett, “Direct demodulation and channel filtering of phase-modulated signals using an injection-locked VCSEL,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(20), 1509–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(1), 9–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(3), 140–142 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics J.

X. Zhang, B. Lee, C.-Y. Lin, A. X. Wang, A. Hosseini, R. T. Chen, “Highly linear broadband optical modulator based on electro-optic polymer,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(6), 2214–2228 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. Du, G. P. Zhang, “Photonic data selector based on cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proc. Photo and Optoelectron, 1–3 (2012).

C. H. Lee, Microwave Photonics, (CRC Press, 2007).

M. Jeffers, NCTA Recommended Practices for Measurements on Cable Television Systems, (NCTA, 1989).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of our proposed full-duplex lightwave transmission systems employing innovative VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The optical spectrum before [Fig. 1 insert (i)] the VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converter. (b) The optical spectrum after [Fig. 1 insert (ii)] the VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converter. (c) The outport of OC4 connected with FBG2 has the optical signal only with the upper sideband [Fig. 1 insert (iii)]. (d) Another outport of OC4 has the optical signal only with the optical carrier [Fig. 1 insert (iv)]. (e) The optical spectrum before [Fig. 1 insert (v)] the OBPF. (f) The optical spectrum after [Fig. 1 insert (vi)] the OBPF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of the feasibility of the VCSEL-based PM-to-IM converter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The optical spectra of the VCSEL under different driving currents.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The measured CNR, CSO and CTB values under NTSC channel number.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

the measured BER curves of 2.5Gbps/20GHz data channel.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The measured BER curves of 1.25Gbps/10GHz data channel.

Equations (1)

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1+ α 2 k( A inj A 0 )<Δ ω L <k( A inj A 0 )

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