Abstract

The use of single-sideband subcarrier modulation (SCM) with Nyquist (N) pulse shaping for cost-effective spectrally-efficient wavelength division multiplexed transmission with direct detection is described. Transmission of digitally pre-compensated 7 × 11 GHz-spaced QPSK SCM channels at 14 Gb/s per channel is experimentally demonstrated over distances of up to 800 km of uncompensated standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) (13440 ps/nm chromatic dispersion).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Barry, Wireless Infrared Communications, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, USA, 1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Ohtsuki, “Multiple-subcarrier modulation in optical wireless communications,” IEEE Commun. Magazine 41, 74–79 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Optical Fiber Tech. 17, 421–438 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 189–204 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Kahn, J. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265–298 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2009), paper OTuE1.
    [CrossRef]
  8. B.-E. Olsson, A. Alping, “Electro-optical subcarrier modulation transmitter for 100 GbE DWDM transport,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2008), paper SaF3.
    [CrossRef]
  9. T.-T. Pham, R. Rodes, J. B. Jensen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, I. T. Monroy, “Sub-cycle QAM modulation for VCSEL-based optical fiber links,” Opt. Express 21, 1830–1839 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 757–760 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” AEU-Int. J. of Electron. and Commun. 61, 153–157 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Bülow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 158–167 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Katz, D. Sadot, “A nonlinear electrical equalizer with decision feedback for OOK optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 56, 2002–2006 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Q. Yu, “On the decision-feedback equalizer in optically amplified direct-detection systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2090–2097 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, P. Anslow, “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2004), paper TuG2.
  18. O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol.23, 749 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T.L. Koch, R.C. Alferness, “Dispersion compensation by active predistorted signal synthesis,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 800–805 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.
  22. M. M. El Said, J. Sitch, M. I. Elmasry, “An electrically pre-equalized 10-Gb/s duobinary transmission system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 388 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.
  24. F. Chang, K. Onohara, T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S48–S55 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. G. P. Agrawal, Applications of nonlinear fiber optics, 3, (Academic press, 2010).
  26. R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, R. Islam, N. S. Ashraf, “On the error vector magnitude as a performance metric and comparative analysis,” in 2nd Int’l. Conference on Emerging Technologies, (2006).

2013 (2)

T.-T. Pham, R. Rodes, J. B. Jensen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, I. T. Monroy, “Sub-cycle QAM modulation for VCSEL-based optical fiber links,” Opt. Express 21, 1830–1839 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 757–760 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Optical Fiber Tech. 17, 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chang, K. Onohara, T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, “Electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 158–167 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Katz, D. Sadot, “A nonlinear electrical equalizer with decision feedback for OOK optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 56, 2002–2006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Q. Yu, “On the decision-feedback equalizer in optically amplified direct-detection systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2090–2097 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” AEU-Int. J. of Electron. and Commun. 61, 153–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. M. El Said, J. Sitch, M. I. Elmasry, “An electrically pre-equalized 10-Gb/s duobinary transmission system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 388 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Ohtsuki, “Multiple-subcarrier modulation in optical wireless communications,” IEEE Commun. Magazine 41, 74–79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. Kahn, J. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

T.L. Koch, R.C. Alferness, “Dispersion compensation by active predistorted signal synthesis,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 800–805 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agazzi, O. E.

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol.23, 749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of nonlinear fiber optics, 3, (Academic press, 2010).

Alferness, R.C.

T.L. Koch, R.C. Alferness, “Dispersion compensation by active predistorted signal synthesis,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 800–805 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Allen, C.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Alping, A.

B.-E. Olsson, A. Alping, “Electro-optical subcarrier modulation transmitter for 100 GbE DWDM transport,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2008), paper SaF3.
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2009), paper OTuE1.
[CrossRef]

Anslow, P.

M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, P. Anslow, “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2004), paper TuG2.

Armstrong, J.

Ashraf, N. S.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, R. Islam, N. S. Ashraf, “On the error vector magnitude as a performance metric and comparative analysis,” in 2nd Int’l. Conference on Emerging Technologies, (2006).

Barry, J.

J. Kahn, J. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Barry, Wireless Infrared Communications, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA, USA, 1994).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

Bülow, H.

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carrer, H. S.

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol.23, 749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cartledge, J. C.

A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 757–760 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cavallari, M.

M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, P. Anslow, “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2004), paper TuG2.

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Comeau, A.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

Crivelli, D. E.

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol.23, 749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Demarest, K.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Du, L. B.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Optical Fiber Tech. 17, 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

El Said, M. M.

Elmasry, M. I.

Erkilinc, M.

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Fludger, C.

M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, P. Anslow, “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2004), paper TuG2.

Forghieri, F.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glick, M.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Griesser, H.

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Huang, R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hueda, M. R.

O. E. Agazzi, M. R. Hueda, H. S. Carrer, D. E. Crivelli, “Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation in dispersive optical channels,” J. Lightwave Technol.23, 749 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Islam, R.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, R. Islam, N. S. Ashraf, “On the error vector magnitude as a performance metric and comparative analysis,” in 2nd Int’l. Conference on Emerging Technologies, (2006).

Jensen, J. B.

Kahn, J.

J. Kahn, J. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265–298 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karar, A. S.

A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 757–760 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Katz, G.

G. Katz, D. Sadot, “A nonlinear electrical equalizer with decision feedback for OOK optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 56, 2002–2006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Killey, R.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

Killey, R. I.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kilmurray, S.

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Klekamp, A.

Koch, T.L.

T.L. Koch, R.C. Alferness, “Dispersion compensation by active predistorted signal synthesis,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 800–805 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Optical Fiber Tech. 17, 421–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maher, R.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

McGhan, D.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

McNicol, J.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

Mikhailov, V.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

O’Sullivan, M.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

Ohtsuki, T.

T. Ohtsuki, “Multiple-subcarrier modulation in optical wireless communications,” IEEE Commun. Magazine 41, 74–79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B.-E.

B.-E. Olsson, A. Alping, “Electro-optical subcarrier modulation transmitter for 100 GbE DWDM transport,” in Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronic Exposition and Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2008), paper SaF3.
[CrossRef]

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2009), paper OTuE1.
[CrossRef]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pachnicke, S.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

Paskov, M.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Pham, T.-T.

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “Performance Limits of Nyquist-WDM and COOFDM in High-Speed PM-QPSK Systems,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, S.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, R. Islam, N. S. Ashraf, “On the error vector magnitude as a performance metric and comparative analysis,” in 2nd Int’l. Conference on Emerging Technologies, (2006).

Richards, D.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. Allen, K. Demarest, D. Richards, “10-Gb/s SCM fiber system using optical SSB modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 896–898 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, K.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

Rodes, R.

Rosenkranz, W.

W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” AEU-Int. J. of Electron. and Commun. 61, 153–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sadot, D.

G. Katz, D. Sadot, “A nonlinear electrical equalizer with decision feedback for OOK optical communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 56, 2002–2006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shafik, R. A.

R. A. Shafik, S. Rahman, R. Islam, N. S. Ashraf, “On the error vector magnitude as a performance metric and comparative analysis,” in 2nd Int’l. Conference on Emerging Technologies, (2006).

Sitch, J.

Strawczynski, L.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications],” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2005), paper OThJ3.

Thomsen, B.

M. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Nyquist-Shaped Dispersion-Precompensated Subcarrier Modulation with Direct Detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (2014), paper Th3K4.

M. Erkilinc, R. Maher, M. Paskov, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, R. Killey, “Spectrally-efficient single-sideband subcarrier-multiplexed quasi-Nyquist QPSK with direct detection,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2013), paper Tu3C4.
[CrossRef]

Watts, P. M.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A. O.

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest, (2009), paper OTuE1.
[CrossRef]

Xia, C.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

System architecture (a) transceiver design and (b) WDM transmission system. DSP: Digital signal processing, DAC: Digital-to-analogue converter, CW: Continous wave, MOD: Modulator, PD: Photodiode, ADC: Analogue-to-digital converter, TX: Transmitter, MUX: Multiplexer, DEMUX: Demultiplexer and RX: Receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematics of signal spectra. (a) DSB single-cycle SCM, (b) DSB half-cycle SCM, and (c) SSB fractional cycle (0.5 ⩽ fsc/fb ⩽ 1) Nyquist (0.5 ⩽ m ⩽ 1) SCM. (fsc and fb are the subcarrier frequency and symbol rate, respectively.)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) PAPR versus α for different subcarrier frequencies. (b) Required OSNR versus α with fsc = 0.75 fb at the HD-FEC limit including the DAC quantization noise. (c) Signal bandwidth vs α for different subcarrier frequencies.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup to demonstrate WDM SSB Nyquist-QPSK SCM transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Transmitter DSP. CD: Chromatic dispersion. (b) Receiver DSP. CMA: Constant modulus algorithm, DD: Decision-directed LMS: Least mean squares.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Simulated and (b) experimental optical intensity waveforms [12].

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Optical spectra for (a) single channel and (b) WDM system. Back-to-back received (c) single channel and (d) central WDM channel constellations. Back-to-back received electrical spectra for (e) single channel and (f) central WDM channel.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Back-to-back (B2B) BER versus OSNR curves for single channel with no DAC quantization noise in simulation, single channel experiment and 7 channel experiment.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

EVM penalty versus launch power per channel for single channel and 7 channel transmission.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Single ch. constellation after (a) 400 and (b) 800 km. 7 ch. constellation after (c) 400 km and (d) 800 km. (e) BER vs OSNR for back-to-back, 400 and 800 km for single and 7 channel transmission.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Required OSNR versus transmission distance (a) for the ideal simulations (b) comparison between experimental results and practical simulation results including DAC quantization noise, electrical bandwidth limitations in the transmitter/receiver, and 3rd-order super-Gaussian optical filter.

Equations (1)

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H 1 ( L , ω c ) = exp ( j D SMF 4 π c 0 λ o 2 ω c 2 L )

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