The Fourier modal method (FMM) has advanced greatly by using adaptive coordinates and adaptive spatial resolution. The convergence characteristics were shown to be improved significantly, a construction principle for suitable meshes was demonstrated and a guideline for the optimal choice of the coordinate transformation parameters was found. However, the construction guidelines published so far rely on a certain restriction that is overcome with the formulation presented in this paper. Moreover, a modularization principle is formulated that significantly eases the construction of coordinate transformations in unit cells with reappearing shapes and complex sub-structures.
© 2014 Optical Society of America
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