Abstract

Traditional fringe-projection three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques struggle to estimate the shape of high dynamic range (HDR) objects where detected fringes are of limited visibility. Moreover, saturated regions of specular reflections can completely block any fringe patterns, leading to lost depth information. We propose a multi-polarization fringe projection (MPFP) imaging technique that eliminates saturated points and enhances the fringe contrast by selecting the proper polarized channel measurements. The developed technique can be easily extended to include measurements captured under different exposure times to obtain more accurate shape rendering for very HDR objects.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Zhang, High-Resolution, Real-Time 3-D Shape Measurement, Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, (Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 2005).
  2. N. Karpinsky, S. Zhang, “High-resolution, real-time 3D imaging with fringe analysis,” J. Real-Time Image Process. 7(1), 55–66 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Su, Q. Zhang, “Dynamic 3-D shape measurement method: A review,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 191–204 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Wolff, “Using polarization to separate reflection components, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1989), pp. 363–369.
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Chen, H. P. A. Lensch, C. Fuchs, and H. P. Seidel, “Polarization and phase-shifting for 3D scanning of translucent objects,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007), pp. 1–8.
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Liang, “Short wavelength and polarized phase shifting fringe projection imaging of translucent objects,” J. Opt. Eng. 53(1), 014104 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Zhang, S. T. Yau, “High dynamic range scanning technique,” J. Opt. Eng. 48(3), 033604 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Ekstrand, S. Zhang, “Autoexposure for three-dimensional shape measurement using a digital-light-processing projector,” J. Opt. Eng. 50(12), 123603 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Waddington and J. Kofman, “Saturation avoidance by adaptive fringe projection in phase-shifting 3D surface-shape measurement,” in Proceedings of Intl. Symp. on Optomechatronic Technologies, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010), pp. 1–4.
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Kiire, S. Nakadate, M. Shibuya, T. Yatagai, “Three-dimensional displacement measurement for diffuse object using phase-shifting digital holography with polarization imaging camera,” Appl. Opt. 50(34), H189–H194 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. 4D Technology Corporation, PolarCam Polarization Camera, available at http://www.4dtechnology.com , accessed Mar., 2014.

2014

R. Liang, “Short wavelength and polarized phase shifting fringe projection imaging of translucent objects,” J. Opt. Eng. 53(1), 014104 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2012

N. Karpinsky, S. Zhang, “High-resolution, real-time 3D imaging with fringe analysis,” J. Real-Time Image Process. 7(1), 55–66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Kiire, S. Nakadate, M. Shibuya, T. Yatagai, “Three-dimensional displacement measurement for diffuse object using phase-shifting digital holography with polarization imaging camera,” Appl. Opt. 50(34), H189–H194 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ekstrand, S. Zhang, “Autoexposure for three-dimensional shape measurement using a digital-light-processing projector,” J. Opt. Eng. 50(12), 123603 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

X. Su, Q. Zhang, “Dynamic 3-D shape measurement method: A review,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 191–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Zhang, S. T. Yau, “High dynamic range scanning technique,” J. Opt. Eng. 48(3), 033604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brock, N. J.

N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ekstrand, L.

L. Ekstrand, S. Zhang, “Autoexposure for three-dimensional shape measurement using a digital-light-processing projector,” J. Opt. Eng. 50(12), 123603 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Karpinsky, N.

N. Karpinsky, S. Zhang, “High-resolution, real-time 3D imaging with fringe analysis,” J. Real-Time Image Process. 7(1), 55–66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kiire, T.

Kimbrough, B. T.

N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liang, R.

R. Liang, “Short wavelength and polarized phase shifting fringe projection imaging of translucent objects,” J. Opt. Eng. 53(1), 014104 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Millerd, J. E.

N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakadate, S.

Shibuya, M.

Su, X.

X. Su, Q. Zhang, “Dynamic 3-D shape measurement method: A review,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 191–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yatagai, T.

Yau, S. T.

S. Zhang, S. T. Yau, “High dynamic range scanning technique,” J. Opt. Eng. 48(3), 033604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

X. Su, Q. Zhang, “Dynamic 3-D shape measurement method: A review,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 191–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

N. Karpinsky, S. Zhang, “High-resolution, real-time 3D imaging with fringe analysis,” J. Real-Time Image Process. 7(1), 55–66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Ekstrand, S. Zhang, “Autoexposure for three-dimensional shape measurement using a digital-light-processing projector,” J. Opt. Eng. 50(12), 123603 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, S. T. Yau, “High dynamic range scanning technique,” J. Opt. Eng. 48(3), 033604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Opt. Eng.

R. Liang, “Short wavelength and polarized phase shifting fringe projection imaging of translucent objects,” J. Opt. Eng. 53(1), 014104 (2014).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, S. T. Yau, “High dynamic range scanning technique,” J. Opt. Eng. 48(3), 033604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Ekstrand, S. Zhang, “Autoexposure for three-dimensional shape measurement using a digital-light-processing projector,” J. Opt. Eng. 50(12), 123603 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Lasers Eng.

X. Su, Q. Zhang, “Dynamic 3-D shape measurement method: A review,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 48(2), 191–204 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, H. Zhao, X. Li, “High dynamic range fringe acquisition: A novel 3-D scanning technique for high-reflective surfaces,” J. Opt. Lasers Eng. 50(10), 1484–1493 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Real-Time Image Process.

N. Karpinsky, S. Zhang, “High-resolution, real-time 3D imaging with fringe analysis,” J. Real-Time Image Process. 7(1), 55–66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

N. J. Brock, B. T. Kimbrough, J. E. Millerd, “A pixelated micropolarizer-based camera for instantaneous interferometric measurements,” Proc. SPIE 8160, 81600W (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

4D Technology Corporation, PolarCam Polarization Camera, available at http://www.4dtechnology.com , accessed Mar., 2014.

S. Zhang, High-Resolution, Real-Time 3-D Shape Measurement, Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, (Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 2005).

L. Wolff, “Using polarization to separate reflection components, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1989), pp. 363–369.
[CrossRef]

T. Chen, H. P. A. Lensch, C. Fuchs, and H. P. Seidel, “Polarization and phase-shifting for 3D scanning of translucent objects,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2007), pp. 1–8.
[CrossRef]

C. Waddington and J. Kofman, “Saturation avoidance by adaptive fringe projection in phase-shifting 3D surface-shape measurement,” in Proceedings of Intl. Symp. on Optomechatronic Technologies, (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010), pp. 1–4.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multi-polarization fringe projection (MPFP) imaging system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Steps of multi-polarization fringe projection technique for HDR objects, vectors denote image-level operations while scalars denote pixel-level operations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-polarization fringe projection imaging of simple object. (a) Simple three-surface object captured by unpolarized camera. (b) Raw polarized data of first distorted fringes. (c) Fringe contrast of various polarization channels at two cross-sections of first distorted fringes (black-white-black tapes on left and metal surface on right). (d) Shape rendering of five fringe images at separate polarizations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multi-polarization fringe projection imaging of simple object. (a) Multi-polarization decision map. (b) Merging results of first fringe images. (c) Phase retrieval. (d) Shape rendering of five enhanced fringes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multi-polarization fringe projection imaging of circuit board object. (a) Circuit board captured by unpolarized camera. (b) Decision map. (c) Merging results shown for first fringe. (d) Shape rendering.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Multi-polarization fringe projection imaging of an object under different exposures. (a) Scissors captured by unpolarized camera. (b) Decision map. (c) Shape rendering. The images shown in (b) and (c) are sorted left to right according to the utilized exposure time.

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