Abstract

Abstract: Dynamic properties of an erbium fiber laser (EFL) is researched and demonstrated for ultrasonic sensing in this research. The EFL has ring cavity incorporated with a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating. A numerical model is used to analyze its dynamic responses to quasi-static change, continuous wave and burst wave. The ultrasonic behavior of the EFL resembles the forced single degree of freedom vibration with damping. Corresponding experimental results fit the simulation results well, showing some interesting ultrasonic properties of this EFL. After certain data process method, this EFL can be used in practical ultrasonic nondestructive testing.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

2010

H. Tsuda, “Fiber Bragg grating vibration-sensing system, insensitive to Bragg wavelength and employing fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2349–2351 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

G. Wild, S. Hinckley, “Acousto-ultrasonic optical fiber sensors: overview and state-of-the-art,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1184–1193 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2004

2001

L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, M. Lopez-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(4), 553–558 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

Y. Sun, J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,”IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 3(4), 991–1007 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(12), 4309–4341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Ding, P. K. Cheo, “Analysis of Er-doped fiber laser stability by suppressing relaxation oscillation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 8(9), 1151–1153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 49(5), 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abad, S.

Andrés, M. V.

Arie, A.

Avino, S.

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Barnes, J. A.

Chenevier, M.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 49(5), 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheo, P. K.

M. Ding, P. K. Cheo, “Analysis of Er-doped fiber laser stability by suppressing relaxation oscillation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 8(9), 1151–1153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Diez, A.

Ding, M.

M. Ding, P. K. Cheo, “Analysis of Er-doped fiber laser stability by suppressing relaxation oscillation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 8(9), 1151–1153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fujibayashi, K.

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gagliardi, G.

Gu, X.

Guan, B. O.

Gutstein, D.

Han, M.

M. Han, T. Liu, L. Hu, Q. Zhang, “Intensity-demodulated fiber-ring laser sensor system for acoustic emission detection,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29269–29276 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liu, M. Han, “Analysis of π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings for ultrasonic detection,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(7), 2368–2373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hinckley, S.

G. Wild, S. Hinckley, “Acousto-ultrasonic optical fiber sensors: overview and state-of-the-art,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1184–1193 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

Jarabo, S.

Jin, L.

Lacot, E.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 49(5), 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lissak, B.

Liu, T.

M. Han, T. Liu, L. Hu, Q. Zhang, “Intensity-demodulated fiber-ring laser sensor system for acoustic emission detection,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29269–29276 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liu, M. Han, “Analysis of π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings for ultrasonic detection,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(7), 2368–2373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Loock, H. P.

Lopez-Amo, M.

Mester, J. R.

Mirza, M. A.

Nicholaou, C.

Ogisu, T.

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Okabe, Y.

Q. Wu, Y. Okabe, “High-sensitivity ultrasonic phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating balanced sensing system,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28353–28362 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Othonos, A.

A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(12), 4309–4341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rønnekleiv, E.

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimazaki, M.

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Soejima, H.

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sridaran, S.

Srivastava, A.

Y. Sun, J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,”IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 3(4), 991–1007 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, G.

Stoeckel, F.

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 49(5), 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,”IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 3(4), 991–1007 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Talaverano, L.

Tam, H. Y.

Tsuda, H.

Tur, M.

Vijayraghavan, K.

Whitenett, G.

Wild, G.

G. Wild, S. Hinckley, “Acousto-ultrasonic optical fiber sensors: overview and state-of-the-art,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1184–1193 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Y.

Zyskind, J.

Y. Sun, J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,”IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 3(4), 991–1007 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant.

Y. Sun, J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,”IEEE J Sel. Top. Quant. 3(4), 991–1007 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonic. Tech. L.

M. Ding, P. K. Cheo, “Analysis of Er-doped fiber laser stability by suppressing relaxation oscillation,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L. 8(9), 1151–1153 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J.

G. Wild, S. Hinckley, “Acousto-ultrasonic optical fiber sensors: overview and state-of-the-art,” IEEE Sens. J. 8(7), 1184–1193 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Liu, M. Han, “Analysis of π-phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings for ultrasonic detection,” IEEE Sens. J. 12(7), 2368–2373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

E. Rønnekleiv, “Frequency and intensity noise of single frequency fiber Bragg grating lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 7(3), 206–235 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

E. Lacot, F. Stoeckel, M. Chenevier, “Dynamics of an erbium-doped fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 49(5), 3997–4008 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(12), 4309–4341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smart Mater. Struct.

Y. Okabe, K. Fujibayashi, M. Shimazaki, H. Soejima, T. Ogisu, “Delamination detection in composite laminates using dispersion change based on mode conversion of Lamb waves,” Smart Mater. Struct. 19(11), 115013 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Thomson, Theory of Vibration with Applications (Prentice-Hall, 1996).

V. Giurgiutiu, Structural Health Monitoring: with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors (Elsevier Academic Press, 2008).

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