Abstract

A self-starting all-fiber passively mode-locked Tm3+-doped fiber laser based on nonlinear loop mirror (NOLM) is demonstrated. Stable soliton pulses centered at 2017.33 nm with 1.56 nm FWHM were produced at a repetition rate of 1.514 MHz with pulse duration of 2.8 ps and pulse energy of 83.8 pJ. As increased pump power, the oscillator can also operate at noise-like (NL) regime. Stable NL pulses with coherence spike width of 341 fs and pulse energy of up to 249.32 nJ was achieved at a center wavelength of 2017.24 nm with 21.33 nm FWHM. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first 2 µm region NOLM-based mode-locked fiber laser operating at two regimes with the highest single pulse energy for NL pulses.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (6)

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, A. R. El-Damak, Y. Feng, X. Gu, “Experimental and numerical studies of mode-locked fiber laser with large normal and anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 21(10), 12014–12021 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Rudy, K. E. Urbanek, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, “Amplified 2-µm thulium-ooped all-fiber mode-locked figure-eight laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(11), 1809–1812 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaytsev, C. H. Lin, Y. J. You, C. C. Chung, C. L. Wang, C. L. Pan, “Supercontinuum generation by noise-like pulses transmitted through normally dispersive standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Express 21(13), 16056–16062 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, N. R. Arutyunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, E. M. Dianov, “Thulium-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser based on NALM and carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B124–B130 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop-mirror-based mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Turitsyn, B. Bale, M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “2 µm mode-locked fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).

2011 (3)

2009 (2)

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(1), 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arutyunyan, N. R.

Bale, B.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. Bale, M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Byer, R. L.

Chen, D.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, T.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernov, A. I.

Chernysheva, M. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, N. R. Arutyunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, E. M. Dianov, “Thulium-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser based on NALM and carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B124–B130 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop-mirror-based mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chung, C. C.

Dianov, E. M.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

El-Damak, A. R.

Elliot, J.

Fedoruk, M. P.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. Bale, M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Ferrari, A. C.

Fu, B.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Geng, J. H.

Q. Wang, J. H. Geng, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. B. Jiang, “Mode-locked Tm–Ho-codoped fiber laser at 2.06 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(11), 682–684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grajales-Coutiño, R.

Gu, X.

Gui, L. L.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(1), 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Heberle, A. P.

Hernández-García, J. C.

Horowitz, M.

Hwang, S.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(1), 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Jiang, S. B.

Q. Wang, J. H. Geng, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. B. Jiang, “Mode-locked Tm–Ho-codoped fiber laser at 2.06 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(11), 682–684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Q. Wang, J. H. Geng, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. B. Jiang, “Mode-locked Tm–Ho-codoped fiber laser at 2.06 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(11), 682–684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konov, V. I.

Krylov, A. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, N. R. Arutyunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, E. M. Dianov, “Thulium-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser based on NALM and carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B124–B130 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop-mirror-based mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop-mirror-based mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, N. R. Arutyunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, E. M. Dianov, “Thulium-doped mode-locked all-fiber laser based on NALM and carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(26), B124–B130 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzin, E. A.

Li, M.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

Lin, S.

Liu, J.

Lobach, A. S.

Lu, Y.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Luo, A.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “2 µm mode-locked fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).

Q. Wang, J. H. Geng, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. B. Jiang, “Mode-locked Tm–Ho-codoped fiber laser at 2.06 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(11), 682–684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Z.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(1), 19–21 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

Pan, C. L.

Pan, N.

Popa, D.

Popov, S. V.

Pottiez, O.

Pozharov, A. S.

Qian, Q.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rudy, C. W.

Sharp, R. C.

Silberberg, Y.

Solodyankin, M. A.

Spock, D. E.

Sun, Z.

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

Taylor, J. R.

Torrisi, F.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, B. Bale, M. P. Fedoruk, “Dispersion-managed solitons in fibre systems and lasers,” Phys. Rep. 521(4), 135–203 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Urbanek, K. E.

Wang, C. L.

Wang, F.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “2 µm mode-locked fiber laser,” Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).

Q. Wang, J. H. Geng, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. B. Jiang, “Mode-locked Tm–Ho-codoped fiber laser at 2.06 μm,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(11), 682–684 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. Q.

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

K. Kieu, F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, X. S.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. X.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

You, Y. J.

Yuan, X.

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. W.

B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, “Generation of 15-nJ bunched noise-like pulses with 93-nm bandwidth in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 553–557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

X. He, A. Luo, Q. Yang, T. Yang, X. Yuan, S. Xu, Q. Qian, D. Chen, Z. Luo, W. Xu, Z. Yang, “60 nm bandwidth, 17 nJ noiselike pulse generation from a thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 6(11), 112702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Q. Q. Wang, T. Chen, M. Li, B. Zhang, Y. Lu, K. P. Chen, “All-fiber ultrafast thulium-doped fiber ring laser with dissipative soliton and noise-like output in normal dispersion by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(1), 011103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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B. Fu, L. L. Gui, X. Li, X. S. Xiao, H. W. Zhu, C. X. Yang, “Generation of 35-nJ nanosecond pulse from a passively mode-locked Tm, Ho-codoped fiber laser with graphene saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(15), 1447–1449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the “figure-of-eight” mode-locked double-clad TDF laser based on NOLM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fiber oscillator under solitary operation: (a) waveform and sequence on oscilloscope; (b) RF spectrums with scanning range of 10 kHz and 20 MHz (inset); (c) optical spectrum; (d) interference and intensity autocorrelation with sech2-pulse fitting (inset).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fiber oscillator under NL operation: (a) pulse waveform and sequence on oscilloscope; (b) RF spectrum with scanning range of 10 kHz and 20 MHz (inset); (c) optical spectrum; (d) interference autocorrelation and intensity autocorrelation with Gaussian-pulse fitting (inset).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace of the noise-like pulse at launched pump power of 1.68 W and 1.42 W.

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