Abstract

We present a micro-integrated, extended cavity diode laser module for space-based experiments on potassium Bose-Einstein condensates and atom interferometry. The module emits at the wavelength of the potassium D2-line at 766.7 nm and provides 27.5 GHz of continuous tunability. It features sub-100 kHz short term (100 μs) emission linewidth. To qualify the extended cavity diode laser module for quantum optics experiments in space, vibration tests (8.1 gRMS and 21.4 gRMS) and mechanical shock tests (1500 g) were carried out. No degradation of the electro-optical performance was observed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Hohensee, H. Müller, “Precision tests of general relativity with matter waves,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 2021–2027 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Maleki, J. Prestage, “Applications of clocks and frequency standards: from the routine to tests of fundamental models,” Metrologia 42, 145–153 (2005).
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  10. S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
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  11. T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.
  19. S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).
  22. M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Qualification level tests within the framework of the TEXUS sounding rocket program of the German Space Agency DLR, amplitude spectrum 20 ... 2000 Hz.
  24. Stress level required for specific low-earth-orbit applications.

2013 (1)

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

P. Gill, “When should we change the definition of the second?,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 369, 4109–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hohensee, H. Müller, “Precision tests of general relativity with matter waves,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 2021–2027 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

K. Numata, J. Camp, M. A. Krainak, L. Stolpner, “Performance of planar-waveguide external cavity laser for precision measurements,” Opt. Express 18, 22781–22788 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. Maleki, J. Prestage, “Applications of clocks and frequency standards: from the routine to tests of fundamental models,” Metrologia 42, 145–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

1991 (1)

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abgrall, M.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Ahlers, H.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnold, S.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashby, N.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aspect, A.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baillard, X.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barber, Z. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Battelier, B.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beck, K. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernier, L. G.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Bidel, Y.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bize, S.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, S.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bongs, K.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouyer, P.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, M. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bresson, A.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Busca, G.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Cacciapuoti, L.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Camp, J.

Campbell, G. K.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carraz, O.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chaibi, W.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C. W.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clairon, A.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Danzmann, K.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Angelis, M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Miranda, M. H. G.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dimarcq, N.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Dittus, H.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckart, M.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erbert, G.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Ertmer, W.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Everitt, C. W. F.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feltham, S.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Foreman, S. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortier, T. M.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaaloul, N.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauguet, A.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geiger, R.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

P. Gill, “When should we change the definition of the second?,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 369, 4109–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gilowski, M.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giorgini, A.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, F.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Gould, H.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guillemot, P.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Hänsch, T. W.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartwig, J.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hauth, M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hawthorn, C. J.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herr, W.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, S.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hohensee, M. A.

M. A. Hohensee, H. Müller, “Precision tests of general relativity with matter waves,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 2021–2027 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huke, P.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hume, D. B.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inguscio, M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Israelsson, U. E.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itano, W. M.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jornod, A.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Kajari, E.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kasevich, M.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kellogg, J. R.

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kohel, J. M.

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Könemann, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krainak, M. A.

Kusenko, A.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lämmerzahl, C.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landragin, A.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, P.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Laurent, Ph.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Le Coq, Y.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N. D.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Leon, S.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Lewoczko-Adamczyk, W.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipa, J. A.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lorini, L.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludlow, A. D.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luvsandamdin, E.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Maleki, J. Prestage, “Applications of clocks and frequency standards: from the routine to tests of fundamental models,” Metrologia 42, 145–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. J.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ménoret, V.

Mester, J. C.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Modugno, G.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moron, F.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.

M. A. Hohensee, H. Müller, “Precision tests of general relativity with matter waves,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 2021–2027 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Müller, T.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Müntinga, H.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mura, G.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nandi, G.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newbury, N. R.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nouel, F.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Numata, K.

Nyman, R. A.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oskay, W. H.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paik, H. J.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pereira dos Santos, F.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peters, A.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Poli, N.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prestage, J.

L. Maleki, J. Prestage, “Applications of clocks and frequency standards: from the routine to tests of fundamental models,” Metrologia 42, 145–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rasel, E. M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E.M.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reasenberg, R. D.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, J.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rinkleff, R. H.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rosenband, T.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenbusch, P.

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rudolf, M.

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sacchet, D.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahm, A.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Salomon, C.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Samain, E.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Santarelli, G.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Schiemangk, M.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Schleich, W. P.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, P. O.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholten, R. E.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schuldt, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seidel, S. T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Senger, A.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sengstock, K.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, M.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Singh, Y.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sirmain, C.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Sorrentino, F.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spießberger, S.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Stalnaker, J. E.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmetz, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stern, G.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stolpner, L.

Swann, W. C.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomann, P.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Thomsen, J. W.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tino, G. M.

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Tränkle, G.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Turyshev, S. G.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uhrich, P.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

van Zoest, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varoquaux, G.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villier, B.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villing, A.

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, A.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walser, R.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K. P.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wendrich, T.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wicht, A.

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, P.

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Wright, E. L.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wübbena, T.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zahzam, N.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zaiser, M.

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zelevinsky, T.

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

E. Luvsandamdin, S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Sahm, G. Mura, A. Wicht, A. Peters, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “Development of narrow linewidth, micro-integrated extended cavity diode lasers for quantum optics experiments in space,” Appl. Phys. B 111, 255–260 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, J. M. Kohel, J. R. Kellogg, L. Maleki, “Development of an atom-interferometer gravity gradiometer for gravity measurement from space,” Appl. Phys. B 84, 647–652 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Spießberger, M. Schiemangk, A. Wicht, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, G. Tränkle, “DBR laser diodes emitting near 1064 nm with a narrow intrinsic linewidth of 2 kHz,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 813–818 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

A. Wicht, M. Rudolf, P. Huke, R. H. Rinkleff, K. Danzmann, “Grating enhanced external cavity diode laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 78, 137–144 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. (1)

C. Salomon, N. Dimarcq, M. Abgrall, A. Clairon, P. Laurent, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, P. Uhrich, L. G. Bernier, G. Busca, A. Jornod, P. Thomann, E. Samain, P. Wolf, F. Gonzalez, P. Guillemot, S. Leon, F. Nouel, C. Sirmain, S. Feltham, “Cold atoms in space and atomic clocks: ACES,” C. R. Acad. Sci. IV Phys. Astron. 2, 1313–1330 (2001).

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

G. Stern, B. Battelier, R. Geiger, G. Varoquaux, A. Villing, F. Moron, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, W. Chaibi, F. Pereira Dos Santos, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, P. Bouyer, “Light-pulse atom interferometry in microgravity,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 353–357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Mod. Phys. D (1)

S. G. Turyshev, U. E. Israelsson, M. Shao, N. Yu, A. Kusenko, E. L. Wright, C. W. F. Everitt, M. Kasevich, J. A. Lipa, J. C. Mester, R. D. Reasenberg, R. L. Walsworth, N. Ashby, H. Gould, H. J. Paik, “Space-based research in fundamental physics and quantum technologies,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 16, 1879–1925 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. A. Hohensee, H. Müller, “Precision tests of general relativity with matter waves,” J. Mod. Opt. 58, 2021–2027 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

L. Maleki, J. Prestage, “Applications of clocks and frequency standards: from the routine to tests of fundamental models,” Metrologia 42, 145–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Microgravity Sci. Technol. (1)

F. Sorrentino, K. Bongs, P. Bouyer, L. Cacciapuoti, M. de Angelis, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, A. Giorgini, J. Hartwig, M. Hauth, S. Herrmann, M. Inguscio, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, A. Landragin, G. Modugno, F. Pereira dos Santos, A. Peters, M. Prevedelli, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schmidt, A. Senger, K. Sengstock, G. Stern, G. M. Tino, R. Walser, “Compact atom interferometer for future space missions,” Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22, 551–561 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

X. Baillard, A. Gauguet, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, P. Rosenbusch, “Interference-filter-stabilized external-cavity diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 266, 609–613 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Gilowski, C. Schubert, M. Zaiser, W. Herr, T. Wübbena, T. Wendrich, T. Müller, E.M. Rasel, W. Ertmer, “Narrow bandwidth interference filter-stabilized diode laser systems for the manipulation of neutral atoms,” Opt. Commun. 280, 443–447 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

P. Gill, “When should we change the definition of the second?,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 369, 4109–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, J. C. Bergquist, “Frequency ratio of Al+ and Hg+ single-ion optical clocks; metrology at the 17th decimal place,” Science 319, 1808–1812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. Le Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, C. W. Oates, “Sr lattice clock at 1×10−16 factional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with a Ca clock,” Science 319, 1805–1808 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

M. Schiemangk, S. Spießberger, A. Wicht, G. Erbert, G. Trankle, A. Peters, “Accurate frequency noise measurement of free running lasers,” to be submitted for publication.

Qualification level tests within the framework of the TEXUS sounding rocket program of the German Space Agency DLR, amplitude spectrum 20 ... 2000 Hz.

Stress level required for specific low-earth-orbit applications.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the micro-integrated ECDL module. The laser chip, collimating lenses, a micro-optical isolator, an electronic interface, micro-temperature sensors, and a micro-thermoelectric cooler (μ-TEC) that carries the volume holographic Bragg grating (VHBG) are all micro-integrated on the aluminum nitride ceramic plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical power of a K-ECDL vs. injection current. The VHBG temperature is synchronized to the injection current to avoid mode hops between adjacent ECDL modes. (b) Optical frequency (left axis) of a K-ECDL vs. injection current. The right axis shows the VHBG temperature. In both cases the MIOB temperature is stabilized to 29.0°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of a K-ECDLvs. the injection current. The MIOB and VHBG temperatures are stabilized to 29.0°C and 28.0°C, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra of a K-ECDL recorded at injection current settings of 130 mA (9.6 mW) and 240 mA (33.4 mW). The SMSR corresponds to at least 45.6 dB. The MIOB and VHBG temperatures are stabilized to 29.0°C and 28.0°C, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) RF beat note spectra with a resolution bandwidth of 10 kHz for two injection current settings of 130 mA (9.6 mW) and 240 mA (33.4 mW). Both spectra are individually normalized to the corresponding peak power spectral density. (b) Single-sided frequency noise power spectral density (Sν (f)) for the same injection current settings. (c) FWHM and intrinsic linewidth for various values of the output power of the K-ECDL. All curves are derived from heterodyne linewidth measurements between two nominally identical, free running K-ECDLs. During the linewidth measurements, the MIOB and VHBG temperatures are stabilized to 29.0°C and 28.0°C, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The output power of the Rb-ECDL as a function of the injection current before and after the mechanical stress tests (vibration tests with 8.1 gRMS and 21.4 gRMS, mechanical shock test with 1500 g). (b) The optical frequency as a function of the injection current before and after the mechanical stress tests (vibration tests with 8.1 gRMS and 21.4 gRMS, mechanical shock test with 1500 g). In both cases the MIOB and VHBG temperatures are stabilized to 29.0°C and 28.0°C, respectively.

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