Abstract

We report on backward second-harmonic generation using ps laser pulses in congruent lithium niobate with 3.2 µm periodic poling. Three resonant peaks were measured between 1530 and 1730 nm, corresponding to 16th, 17th and 18th quasi-phase-matching orders in the backward configuration, with a conversion efficiency of 4.75 x 10-5%/W for the 16th order. We could also discriminate the contributions from inverted domains randomized in duty-cycle.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (3)

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (7)

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Landry, T. A. Maldonado, “Counterpropagating quasi-phase matching: a generalized analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(8), 1509–1521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

X. Gu, R. Y. Korotkov, Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(5), 1561–1566 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(6), 966–974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ali, J.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Apostopoulos, V.

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Assanto, G.

S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Conforti, C. de Angelis, U. K. Sapaev, G. Assanto, “Pulse shaping via backward second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 16(3), 2115–2121 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bache, M.

M. Bache, F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bellanca, G.

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buccheri, F.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burns, W. K.

Busacca, A.

Busacca, A. C.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cabrera, J. M.

E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Canalias, C.

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 459–462 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caspani, L.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassataro, M.

Chatenoud, F.

Cherchi, M.

Cino, A. C.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clerici, M.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colace, L.

Conforti, M.

M. Conforti, C. de Angelis, U. K. Sapaev, G. Assanto, “Pulse shaping via backward second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 16(3), 2115–2121 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curcio, L.

S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D’Asaro, E.

Dai, H.

de Angelis, C.

M. Conforti, C. de Angelis, U. K. Sapaev, G. Assanto, “Pulse shaping via backward second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 16(3), 2115–2121 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Dion, M.

Eason, R.

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Etrich, C.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

Falk, M.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Supercontinuum generation in quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide pumped by a Tm-doped fiber laser system,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3912–3914 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fernando, C.

Fokine, M.

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glavas, E.

E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Hartl, I.

Ho, S. P.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Iliew, R.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Jiang, J.

Jundt, D. H.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, M. C. C.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

Khurgin, J. B.

Kivshar, Y. S.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Korotkov, R. Y.

Landry, G. D.

Langrock, C.

Laurell, F.

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lauritano, M.

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Livreri, P.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Locatelli, A.

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mailis, S.

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Makarov, M.

Maldonado, T. A.

Melinger, J. S.

Morandotti, R.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mu, X.

X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Normandin, R.

Oliveri, R. L.

Ozaki, T.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parini, A.

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, A.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 459–462 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pasquazi, A.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peccianti, M.

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelc, J. S.

Pertsch, T.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Ravaro, M.

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Risk, W. P.

X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, M. Makarov, Y. J. Ding, J. B. Khurgin, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic and third-harmonic generation in a periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 24(3), 127–129 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riva Sanseverino, S.

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riva-Sanseverino, S.

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubino, E.

Sapaev, U. K.

Schwesyg, J. R.

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sones, C.

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sones, C. L.

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stivala, S.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, F. Buccheri, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, A. C. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Features of randomized electric-field assisted domain inversion in lithium tantalate,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25780–25785 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. Pasquazi, L. Colace, G. Assanto, A. C. Busacca, M. Cherchi, S. Riva-Sanseverino, A. C. Cino, A. Parisi, “Guided-wave frequency doubling in surface periodically poled lithium niobate: competing effects,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(7), 1564–1570 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomasino, A.

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townsend, P. D.

E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

M. Bache, F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zotova, I. B.

X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. R. Schwesyg, M. C. C. Kajiyama, M. Falk, D. H. Jundt, K. Buse, M. M. Fejer, “Light absorption in undoped congruent and magnesium-doped lithium niobate crystals in the visible wavelength range,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 109–115 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. C. Busacca, C. Sones, V. Apostopoulos, R. Eason, S. Mailis, “Surface domain engineering in congruent lithium niobate single crystals: A route to submicron periodic poling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(26), 4946–4948 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, M. Fokine, F. Laurell, “Backward quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in submicrometer periodically poled flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(18), 181105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, L. Curcio, R. L. Oliveri, S. Riva-Sanseverino, G. Assanto, “Continuous-wave backward frequency doubling in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Busacca, C. L. Sones, R. W. Eason, S. Mailis, “First order quasi-phase matched blue light generation in surface poled Ti-indiffused lithium niobate waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4430–4432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. C. Busacca, A. C. Cino, S. Riva Sanseverino, M. Ravaro, G. Assanto, “Silica masks for improved surface poling of lithium niobate,” Electron. Lett. 41(2), 92–94 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, J. B. Khurgin, “Theory of backward second-harmonic generation using laser pulses in quasi-phase-matched second-order nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(6), 966–974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, S. P. Ho, F. Buccheri, J. Ali, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, “Exact reconstruction of THz sub-λ source features in knife-edge measurements,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(1), 8401211 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

A. Pasquazi, A. C. Busacca, S. Stivala, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Nonlinear disorder mapping through three-wave mixing,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(1), 18–28 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

M. Lauritano, A. Parini, G. Bellanca, S. Trillo, M. Conforti, A. Locatelli, C. De Angelis, “Bistability, limiting, and self-pulsing in backward second-harmonic generation: a time-domain approach,” J. Opt. A 8(7), S494–S501 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Glavas, J. M. Cabrera, P. D. Townsend, “A comparison of optical damage in different types of LiNbO3 waveguides,” J. Phys. D 22(5), 611–616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, “Mirrorless optical parametric oscillator,” Nat. Photonics 1(8), 459–462 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Mu, I. B. Zotova, Y. J. Ding, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic generation in submicron-period ion-exchanged KTiOPO4 waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 153–159 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Y. J. Ding, “Phase conjugation based on single backward second-order nonlinear parametric process,” Opt. Lett. 37(22), 4792–4794 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Clerici, L. Caspani, E. Rubino, M. Peccianti, M. Cassataro, A. Busacca, T. Ozaki, D. Faccio, R. Morandotti, “Counterpropagating frequency mixing with terahertz waves in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 38(2), 178–180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Stivala, A. C. Busacca, A. Pasquazi, R. L. Oliveri, R. Morandotti, G. Assanto, “Random quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium tantalate,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 363–365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Conti, E. D’Asaro, S. Stivala, A. Busacca, G. Assanto, “Parametric self-trapping in the presence of randomized quasi phase matching,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3760–3762 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, J. Jiang, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, “Supercontinuum generation in quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide pumped by a Tm-doped fiber laser system,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3912–3914 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Kang, Y. J. Ding, W. K. Burns, J. S. Melinger, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled bulk LiNbO3.,” Opt. Lett. 22(12), 862–864 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Gu, M. Makarov, Y. J. Ding, J. B. Khurgin, W. P. Risk, “Backward second-harmonic and third-harmonic generation in a periodically poled potassium titanyl phosphate waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 24(3), 127–129 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Janz, C. Fernando, H. Dai, F. Chatenoud, M. Dion, R. Normandin, “Quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in reflection from AlxGa1-xAs heterostructures,” Opt. Lett. 18(8), 589–591 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. S. Kivshar, “Huge enhancement of backward second-harmonic generation with slow light in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Conti, S. Trillo, G. Assanto, “Energy localization in photonic crystals of a purely nonlinear origin,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2502–2505 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sci Rep (1)

A. Tomasino, A. Parisi, S. Stivala, P. Livreri, A. C. Cino, A. C. Busacca, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, “Wideband THz Time Domain Spectroscopy based on Optical Rectification and Electro-Optic sampling,” Sci Rep 3, 3116 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2008).

http://www.goochandhousego.com/products//technical-info-ln/LNmatProperties.pdf

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron microphotograph of the 3.2 µm periodically poled sample as it appears after chemical etching in hydrofluoric acid. (b) Experimental setup for BSHG measurements. HWP: half-wave-plate; BS: beam splitter; PD: photodetector, PPLN: periodically poled lithium niobate sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) FF wavelength scan showing three QPM peaks in BSHG conversion efficiency: the solid lines from the model [4] are in good agreement with the experimental data (circles). FF peak power were 10 kW, 8 kW and 15 kW for 16th, 17th and 18th orders, respectively. (b) Calculated BSHG conversion efficiency versus duty cycle for m = 16 (blue), 17 (red) and 18 (black), respectively. Each efficiency curve is normalized to its own maximum. Panels (c), (d) and (e) detail the tuning curves for 18th, 17th and 16th resonant orders, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BSHG conversion efficiency for the (a) 16th, (b) 17th and (c) 18th QPM order versus temperature. FF wavelength and peak power were 1722.0nm and 10 kW in (a); 1623.9nm and 8 kW in (b); 1535.1nm and 12 kW in (c), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured (circles) and calculated (solid line) BSHG energy vs input FF energy per pulse for the 16th resonant order. (b) Comparison between BSHG for m = 16 (blue circles) and the forward random-QPM SHG (red diamonds), the latter measured at the (FF) output.

Equations (4)

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Δ k QPM = 4π λ FF ( n FF + n SH ) 2mπ Λ =0,
FWH M th = 0.4429 λ m L | n SH n FF λ m + n FF λ 1 2 n SH λ | 1
H(t)= [P( 2 M b 2 T)+P( 2 T)1] 2
η= + I SH dt I FF τ = η 0 d 33 2 I FF 2 τ 2 c 2 J H 2 n SH n FF 2 ( n SH + n FF ) 4 Λ 2 sin c 2 ( Δ k QPM L 2 )

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