Abstract

We theoretically and experimentally investigate light diffusion in disordered meso-macroporous materials with a cylindrical shape. High Internal Phase Emulsion (HIPE)-based silica foam samples, exhibiting a polydisperse pore-size distribution centered around 19 μm to resemble certain biological tissues, are realized. To quantify the effect of a finite lateral size on measurable quantities, an analytical model for diffusion in finite cylinders is developed and validated by Monte Carlo random walk simulations. Steady-state and time-resolved transmission experiments are performed and the transport parameters (transport mean free path and material absorption length) are successfully retrieved from fits of the experimental curves with the proposed model. This study reveals that scattering losses on the lateral sides of the samples are responsible for a lowering of the transmission signal and a shortening of the photon lifetime, similar in experimental observables to the effect of material absorption. The recognition of this geometrical effect is essential since its wrong attribution to material absorption could be detrimental in various applications, such as biological tissue diagnosis or conversion efficiency in dye-sensitized solar cells.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, “Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73, 026801 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover Publications, 2011).
  3. G. Reich, “Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging: Basic principles and pharmaceutical applications,” Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 57, 1109 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).
  5. V. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis, 2 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2007).
  6. L. V. Wang, H.-i. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, New York, 2007).
  7. M. S. Patterson, B. Chance, B. C. Wilson, “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the noninvasive measurement of tissue optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 28, 2331–2336 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. A. Benaron, D. K. Stevenson, “Optical time-of-flight and absorbance imaging of biologic media,” Science 259, 1463–1466 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, “Observation of anisotropic diffusion of light in compacted granular porous materials,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 040301 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Shi, C. A. Anderson, “Pharmaceutical applications of separation of absorption and scattering in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS),” J. Pharm. Sci. 99, 4766–4783 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Wiley-IEEE Press, 1999).
  16. D. Contini, F. Martelli, G. Zaccanti, “Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory,” Appl. Opt. 36, 4587–4599 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, Mesoscopic Physics of Electrons and Photons (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
  19. A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Relationship between Optical Intensity, Fluctuations and Pulse Propagation in Random Media,” Europhys. Lett. 11, 4331–4336 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Vellekoop, A. P. Mosk, “Focusing coherent light through opaque strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2309–2311 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.
  25. N. Ghofraniha, I. Viola, A. Zacheo, V. Arima, G. Gigli, C. Conti, “Transition from nonresonant to resonant random lasers by the geometrical confinement of disorder,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5043–5046 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. Barby, Z. Haq, “Low density porous cross-linked polymeric materials and their preparation,” Eur. Patent Appl.60138 (1982).
  28. M. J. Mooney, “The viscosity of a concentrated suspension of spherical particles,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 6, 162–170 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M.-P. Aronson, M.-F. Petko, “Highly Concentrated Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Influence of Electrolyte on Their Properties and Stability,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 159, 134–149 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  31. C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, in Sol-Gel Science: the Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990).
  32. J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, “Random walk of polarized light in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. R. Elaloufi, R. Carminati, J.-J. Greffet, “Diffusive-to-ballistic transition in dynamic light transmission through thin scattering slabs: a radiative transfer approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1430–1437 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  36. A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulae and Applications (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1999).
  37. A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (2)

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Ghofraniha, I. Viola, A. Zacheo, V. Arima, G. Gigli, C. Conti, “Transition from nonresonant to resonant random lasers by the geometrical confinement of disorder,” Opt. Lett. 38, 5043–5046 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, “Observation of anisotropic diffusion of light in compacted granular porous materials,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 040301 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, “Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73, 026801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Shi, C. A. Anderson, “Pharmaceutical applications of separation of absorption and scattering in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS),” J. Pharm. Sci. 99, 4766–4783 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, “Random walk of polarized light in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Reich, “Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging: Basic principles and pharmaceutical applications,” Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 57, 1109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Elaloufi, R. Carminati, J.-J. Greffet, “Diffusive-to-ballistic transition in dynamic light transmission through thin scattering slabs: a radiative transfer approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1430–1437 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

M.-P. Aronson, M.-F. Petko, “Highly Concentrated Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Influence of Electrolyte on Their Properties and Stability,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 159, 134–149 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Benaron, D. K. Stevenson, “Optical time-of-flight and absorbance imaging of biologic media,” Science 259, 1463–1466 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Relationship between Optical Intensity, Fluctuations and Pulse Propagation in Random Media,” Europhys. Lett. 11, 4331–4336 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1951 (1)

M. J. Mooney, “The viscosity of a concentrated suspension of spherical particles,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 6, 162–170 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Abbas, M.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Achard, M-.F.

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akkermans, E.

E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, Mesoscopic Physics of Electrons and Photons (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Alerstam, E.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, “Observation of anisotropic diffusion of light in compacted granular porous materials,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 040301 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfano, R. R.

M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, “Random walk of polarized light in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altube, A.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, C. A.

Z. Shi, C. A. Anderson, “Pharmaceutical applications of separation of absorption and scattering in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS),” J. Pharm. Sci. 99, 4766–4783 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersson, M.

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andersson-Engels, S.

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arendt, J. T.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arima, V.

Aronson, M.-P.

M.-P. Aronson, M.-F. Petko, “Highly Concentrated Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Influence of Electrolyte on Their Properties and Stability,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 159, 134–149 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Backman, V.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backov, R.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Badizadegan, K.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandyopadhyay, R.

A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barby, D.

D. Barby, Z. Haq, “Low density porous cross-linked polymeric materials and their preparation,” Eur. Patent Appl.60138 (1982).

Barthelemy, P.

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Benaron, D. A.

D. A. Benaron, D. K. Stevenson, “Optical time-of-flight and absorbance imaging of biologic media,” Science 259, 1463–1466 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bertolotti, J.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bibette, J.

T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blanco, Á.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boccara, A. C.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, in Sol-Gel Science: the Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990).

Burresi, M.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

Carminati, R.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elaloufi, R. Carminati, J.-J. Greffet, “Diffusive-to-ballistic transition in dynamic light transmission through thin scattering slabs: a radiative transfer approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1430–1437 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carn, F.

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chance, B.

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover Publications, 2011).

Colin, A.

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

Contini, D.

Crawford, J. M.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, A. B.

A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, “Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73, 026801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deleuze, H.

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drake, J. M.

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Relationship between Optical Intensity, Fluctuations and Pulse Propagation in Random Media,” Europhys. Lett. 11, 4331–4336 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Durian, D. J.

A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Elaloufi, R.

Feld, M. S.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fink, M.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fitzmaurice, M.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Folestad, S.

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, P. D.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Relationship between Optical Intensity, Fluctuations and Pulse Propagation in Random Media,” Europhys. Lett. 11, 4331–4336 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ghofraniha, N.

Gigan, S.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gigli, G.

Gittings, A. S.

A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J.-J.

Grisi, M.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gurjar, R.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haq, Z.

D. Barby, Z. Haq, “Low density porous cross-linked polymeric materials and their preparation,” Eur. Patent Appl.60138 (1982).

Heise, H. M.

H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).

Hirsch, L.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ishimaru, A.

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Wiley-IEEE Press, 1999).

Itzkan, I.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacques, S. L.

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, J.

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. M.

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kabani, S.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).

Khoptyar, D.

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kline, E.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lerosey, G.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leroy, C. M.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Levin, H. S.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López, C.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marshak, A.

A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, “Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73, 026801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, F.

Martín, M. D.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mason, T. G.

T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McGillican, T.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miri, M. F.

M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montambaux, G.

E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, Mesoscopic Physics of Electrons and Photons (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Mooney, M. J.

M. J. Mooney, “The viscosity of a concentrated suspension of spherical particles,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 6, 162–170 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Mosk, A. P.

Müller, M. G.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieuwenhuizen, Th. M.

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, C.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, Y.

H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).

Patterson, M. S.

Perelman, L. T.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petko, M.-F.

M.-P. Aronson, M.-F. Petko, “Highly Concentrated Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Influence of Electrolyte on Their Properties and Stability,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 159, 134–149 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pine, D. J.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pirot, M.

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Popoff, S. M.

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ravaine, S.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Reich, G.

G. Reich, “Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging: Basic principles and pharmaceutical applications,” Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 57, 1109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rippe, L.

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savo, R.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

Scherer, G. W.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, in Sol-Gel Science: the Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990).

Schmiedeberg, M.

M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seiler, M.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapshay, S.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, Z.

Z. Shi, C. A. Anderson, “Pharmaceutical applications of separation of absorption and scattering in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS),” J. Pharm. Sci. 99, 4766–4783 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siesler, H. W.

H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).

Sihvola, A.

A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulae and Applications (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1999).

Stark, H.

M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stevenson, D. K.

D. A. Benaron, D. K. Stevenson, “Optical time-of-flight and absorbance imaging of biologic media,” Science 259, 1463–1466 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svanberg, S.

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Svensson, T.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, “Observation of anisotropic diffusion of light in compacted granular porous materials,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 040301 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

Toupance, T.

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Tuchin, V. V.

V. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis, 2 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2007).

Valdez, T.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Dam, J.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van der Beek, T.

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

van Rossum, M. C. W.

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vellekoop, M.

Vina, L.

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Viola, I.

Vynck, K.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

Wallace, M. B.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

L. V. Wang, H.-i. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, New York, 2007).

Wang, L.-H.

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

Wilson, B. C.

Wu, H.-i.

L. V. Wang, H.-i. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, New York, 2007).

Xu, M.

M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, “Random walk of polarized light in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaccanti, G.

Zacheo, A.

Zhang, Q.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, L.-Q.

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. X.

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zonios, G.

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. (1)

G. Reich, “Near-infrared spectroscopy and imaging: Basic principles and pharmaceutical applications,” Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 57, 1109 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Svensson, M. Andersson, L. Rippe, S. Svanberg, S. Andersson-Engels, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, “VCSEL-based oxygen spectroscopy for structural analysis of pharmaceutical solids,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 345–354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine (1)

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, L.-Q. Zheng, ”Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues,” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 47, 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. E (1)

M. Schmiedeberg, M. F. Miri, H. Stark, “Photon channelling in foams,” Eur. Phys. J. E 18, 123–131 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

A. S. Gittings, R. Bandyopadhyay, D. J. Durian, “Photon channelling in foams,” Europhys. Lett. 65, 414–419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Genack, J. M. Drake, “Relationship between Optical Intensity, Fluctuations and Pulse Propagation in Random Media,” Europhys. Lett. 11, 4331–4336 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

M.-P. Aronson, M.-F. Petko, “Highly Concentrated Water-in-Oil Emulsions: Influence of Electrolyte on Their Properties and Stability,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 159, 134–149 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid. Interface Sci. (2)

M. J. Mooney, “The viscosity of a concentrated suspension of spherical particles,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 6, 162–170 (1951).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Mason, J. Bibette, D. A. Weitz, “Yielding and Flow of Monodisperse Emulsions,” J. Colloid. Interface Sci. 179, 439–448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mat. Chem. (1)

F. Carn, A. Colin, M-.F. Achard, M. Pirot, H. Deleuze, R. Backov, “Inorganic monoliths hierarchically textured via concentrated direct emulsion and micellar templates,” J. Mat. Chem. 14, 1370–1376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Pharm. Sci. (1)

Z. Shi, C. A. Anderson, “Pharmaceutical applications of separation of absorption and scattering in near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS),” J. Pharm. Sci. 99, 4766–4783 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

V. Backman, M. B. Wallace, L. T. Perelman, J. T. Arendt, R. Gurjar, M. G. Müller, Q. Zhang, G. Zonios, E. Kline, T. McGillican, S. Shapshay, T. Valdez, K. Badizadegan, J. M. Crawford, M. Fitzmaurice, S. Kabani, H. S. Levin, M. Seiler, R. R. Dasari, I. Itzkan, J. Van Dam, M. S. Feld, “Detection of preinvasive cancer cells,” Nature 406, 35–36 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

P. D. Garcia, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, M. D. Martín, Á. Blanco, A. Altube, L. Vina, D. S. Wiersma, C. López, “Resonant light transport through Mie modes in photonic glasses,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, “Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948–3959 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

T. van der Beek, P. Barthelemy, P. M. Johnson, D. S. Wiersma, A. Lagendijk, “Light transport through disordered layers of dense gallium arsenide submicron particles,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 115401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

T. Svensson, K. Vynck, M. Grisi, R. Savo, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma, “Holey random walks: Optics of heterogeneous turbid composites,” Phys. Rev. E 87, 022120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, “Observation of anisotropic diffusion of light in compacted granular porous materials,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 040301 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, “Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, “Random walk of polarized light in turbid media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

A. B. Davis, A. Marshak, “Solar radiation transport in the cloudy atmosphere: a 3D perspective on observations and climate impacts,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 73, 026801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

T. Svensson, E. Alerstam, D. Khoptyar, J. Johansson, S. Folestad, S. Andersson-Engels, “Near-infrared photon time-of-flight spectroscopy of turbid materials up to 1400 nm,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80, 063105 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. A. Benaron, D. K. Stevenson, “Optical time-of-flight and absorbance imaging of biologic media,” Science 259, 1463–1466 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sol. State Sci. (1)

C. M. Leroy, C. Olivier, T. Toupance, M. Abbas, L. Hirsch, S. Ravaine, R. Backov, “One-pot easily-processed TiO2 macroporous photoanodes (Ti-HIPE) for dye-sensitized solar cells,” Sol. State Sci. 28, 81–89 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Wiley-IEEE Press, 1999).

E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, Mesoscopic Physics of Electrons and Photons (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Dover Publications, 2011).

H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, H. M. Heise, “Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Principles, Instruments, Applications” (Wiley, New York, 2008).

V. V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis, 2 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2007).

L. V. Wang, H.-i. Wu, Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging (Wiley, New York, 2007).

A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulae and Applications (The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1999).

R. Savo, M. Burresi, T. Svensson, K. Vynck, D. S. Wiersma, “Measuring the fractal dimension of an optical random walk,” arXiv:1312.5962.

D. Barby, Z. Haq, “Low density porous cross-linked polymeric materials and their preparation,” Eur. Patent Appl.60138 (1982).

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, in Sol-Gel Science: the Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing (Academic Press, San Diego, 1990).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics