Abstract

We report the first to our knowledge high-energy graphene mode-locked solid-state laser operating in the positive dispersion regime. Pulses with 15.5 nJ energy and 42 nm spectral bandwidth with 0.87 ps duration were obtained at 2.4 μm wavelength. The output can be compressed down to 189 fs. The graphene absorber damage threshold was established at fluence approaching 1 mJ/cm2.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. N. Cizmeciyan, J. W. Kim, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, F. Rotermund, A. Sennaroglu, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond Cr:ZnSe laser at 2500 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 341–343 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, “Graphene mode-locked Cr:ZnS laser with 41 fs pulse duration,” Opt. Express 22, 5564–5571 (2014).
  4. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Siegel, M. Emons, U. Bünting, U. Morgner, “Passively mode-locked Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk oscillator operated in the positive and negative dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 33(14), 1608–1610 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, ” Energy Scaling of Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Oscillators,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE7.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (6)

J. Ma, G. Q. Xie, P. Lv, W. L. Gao, P. Yuan, L. J. Qian, H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, D. Y. Tang, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond laser at 2 μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2085–2087 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M. C. Amann, A. Apolonski, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Krausz, “High-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator in the positive dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3543–3545 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, K. I. Schaffers, I. T. Sorokina, “Femtosecond SESAM-modelocked Cr:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28947–28952 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Ahn, Y. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Apolonski, A.

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M. C. Amann, A. Apolonski, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Krausz, “High-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator in the positive dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3543–3545 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bae, S.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, J. W. Kim, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, F. Rotermund, A. Sennaroglu, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond Cr:ZnSe laser at 2500 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 341–343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baek, I. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boehm, G.

Brons, J.

Bünting, U.

Chernykh, A.

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

Emons, M.

Fernández, A.

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, W. L.

Grasse, C.

Guelachvili, G.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, B. H.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, J. W. Kim, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, F. Rotermund, A. Sennaroglu, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond Cr:ZnSe laser at 2500 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 341–343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, V.

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, V. L.

Kim, J. W.

Krausz, F.

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M. C. Amann, A. Apolonski, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Krausz, “High-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator in the positive dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3543–3545 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. W.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lermann, G.

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lv, P.

Ma, J.

Mandon, J.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

Palmer, G.

Pervak, V.

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M. C. Amann, A. Apolonski, V. L. Kalashnikov, F. Krausz, “High-power Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator in the positive dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(17), 3543–3545 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Picqué, N.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podivilov, E.

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proctor, B.

Pronin, O.

Qian, L. J.

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rotermund, F.

M. N. Cizmeciyan, J. W. Kim, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, F. Rotermund, A. Sennaroglu, “Graphene mode-locked femtosecond Cr:ZnSe laser at 2500 nm,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 341–343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

Schultze, M.

Sennaroglu, A.

Siegel, M.

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I. T.

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Tolstik, N.

Verhoef, A.

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Y. G.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Westwig, E.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, G. Q.

Xu, J.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D.-I.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

Yuan, P.

Zhang, H. J.

Zheng, L. H.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Fernández, A. Verhoef, V. Pervak, G. Lermann, F. Krausz, A. Apolonski, “Generation of 60-nJ sub-40-fs pulses at 70 MHz repetition rate from a Ti:sapphire chirped pulse-oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 87(3), 395–398 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Kalashnikov, E. Podivilov, A. Chernykh, A. Apolonski, “Chirped-pulse oscillators: Theory and experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 83(4), 503–510 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(3), 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, “Pulse shaping and evolution in normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 389–398 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 µm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(1), 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, J. Mandon, G. Guelachvili, N. Picqué, I. T. Sorokina, “Cr4+: YAG chirped-pulse oscillator,” New J. Phys. 10(8), 083022 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, and I. T. Sorokina, ” Energy Scaling of Mid-Infrared Femtosecond Oscillators,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper WE7.

N. Tolstik, I. T. Sorokina, and E. Sorokin, “Watt-level Kerr-Lens Mode-Locked Cr:ZnS Laser at 2.4 μm,” in CLEO: 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CTh1H.2.

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