Abstract

This work for the first time proposes and studies a method of frequency doubling of CW non-single-frequency fibre lasers with a high-Q resonator partially coupled to the fibre laser cavity. The proposed new approach resulted in the following parameters: laser’s maximal output power 880 mW at 536 nm when pumped with 6.2 W at 976 nm, wavelength tuneability range 521–545 nm with the output power at the extreme ends of this range 420 and 220 mW correspondingly. The proposed configuration allows efficient non-linear transformation of both CW and pulsed radiation in a partially coupled enhancement cavity.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. L. Byer, “Second-harmonic generation of a continuous-wave diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser using an externally resonant cavity,” Opt. Lett. 12(12), 1014–1016 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. S. Adams, A. I. Ferguson, “Frequency doubling of a single frequency Ti:Al2O3 laser using an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 79(3-4), 219–223 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. I. Kim, D. Meschede, “Continuous-wave coherent ultraviolet source at 326 nm based on frequency trippling of fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10803–10808 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. J. Jones, J. Ye, “High-repetition-rate coherent femtosecond pulse amplification with an external passive optical cavity,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2812–2814 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Börzsönyi, R. Chiche, E. Cormier, R. Flaminio, P. Jojart, C. Michel, K. Osvay, L. Pinard, V. Soskov, A. Variola, F. Zomer, “External cavity enhancement of picosecond pulses with 28,000 cavity finesse,” Appl. Opt. 52(34), 8376–8380 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Cieslak, W. A. Clarkson, “Internal resonantly enhanced frequency doubling of continuous-wave fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1896–1898 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. Liao, C. Huang, “Optimization of Yb3+-doped double-clad fiber lasers using a new approximate analytical solution,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 55–61 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. Pupeza, Power Scaling of Enhancement Cavities for Nonlinear Optics (Springer, 2012).

2013

2012

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

X. Liao, C. Huang, “Optimization of Yb3+-doped double-clad fiber lasers using a new approximate analytical solution,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 55–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Cieslak, W. A. Clarkson, “Internal resonantly enhanced frequency doubling of continuous-wave fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1896–1898 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2005

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

1993

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Adams, A. I. Ferguson, “Frequency doubling of a single frequency Ti:Al2O3 laser using an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 79(3-4), 219–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

1983

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

C. S. Adams, A. I. Ferguson, “Frequency doubling of a single frequency Ti:Al2O3 laser using an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 79(3-4), 219–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Biraben, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Börzsönyi, A.

Bourzeix, S.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chiche, R.

Cieslak, R.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cormier, E.

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

C. S. Adams, A. I. Ferguson, “Frequency doubling of a single frequency Ti:Al2O3 laser using an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 79(3-4), 219–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Flaminio, R.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, M.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

X. Liao, C. Huang, “Optimization of Yb3+-doped double-clad fiber lasers using a new approximate analytical solution,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 55–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jojart, P.

Jones, R. J.

Julien, L.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kiesel, N.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. I.

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Krausz, F.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krischek, R.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liao, X.

X. Liao, C. Huang, “Optimization of Yb3+-doped double-clad fiber lasers using a new approximate analytical solution,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 55–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

Michel, C.

Michelberger, P.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

Nez, F.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Ozawa, A.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Persaud, M. A.

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, L.

Plimmer, M. D.

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenberger, J.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuessler, H. A.

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soskov, V.

Tolchard, J. M.

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Variola, A.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wieczorek, W.

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Zomer, F.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Lee, S. B. Lee, “Efficient second-harmonic generation of continuous-wave Yb fiber laser coupled with an external resonant cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 539–543 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

R. Krischek, W. Wieczorek, A. Ozawa, N. Kiesel, P. Michelberger, T. Udem, H. Weinfurter, “Ultraviolet enhancement cavity for ultrafast nonlinear optics and high-rate multiphoton entanglement experiments,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 170–173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. Gohle, T. Udem, M. Herrmann, J. Rauschenberger, R. Holzwarth, H. A. Schuessler, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, “A frequency comb in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 436(7048), 234–237 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

C. S. Adams, A. I. Ferguson, “Frequency doubling of a single frequency Ti:Al2O3 laser using an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 79(3-4), 219–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Bourzeix, M. D. Plimmer, F. Nez, L. Julien, F. Biraben, “Efficient frequency doubling of a continuous wave titanium: sapphire laser in an external enhancement cavity,” Opt. Commun. 99(1-2), 89–94 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

X. Liao, C. Huang, “Optimization of Yb3+-doped double-clad fiber lasers using a new approximate analytical solution,” Opt. Laser Technol. 43(1), 55–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

I. Pupeza, Power Scaling of Enhancement Cavities for Nonlinear Optics (Springer, 2012).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of different configurations of frequency doubling of non-single-frequency CW radiation of fibre lasers in an enhancement cavity without automatic length adjustment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental set-up of the Yb-doped fibre laser with a partially coupled enhancement cavity: M1–M4 – mirrors of the enhancement cavity; M5, M6 – end mirrors of the fibre laser linear resonator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second harmonic output power dependence on pump power (976 nm). The inset picture shows the beam profile of the second harmonic radiation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the second harmonic output power and transmission of the input mirror of the enhancement cavity on wavelength.

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