Abstract

We report a silicon photonic integrated circuit which can perform the operation of half-adder based on two cascaded microring resonators (MRRs). PIN diodes embedded around MRRs are employed to achieve the carrier injection modulation. Two electrical pulse sequences representing the two operands of the half-add operation are applied to PIN diodes to modulate two MRRs through the plasma dispersion effect. The final operation results of bitwise Sum and Carry operation are output at two different output ports of the device. Microheaters fabricated on the top of MRRs are employed to compensate two MRRs resonance mismatch caused by the fabrication error through the thermo-optic effect. Addition operation of two bits with the operation speed of 100Mbps is demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

2011 (6)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

M. Geng, L. Jia, L. Zhang, L. Yang, P. Chen, T. Wang, Y. Liu, “Four-channel reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer based on photonic wire waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5502–5516 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (9)

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M. Lipson, “12.5 Gbit/s carrier-injection-based silicon micro-ring silicon modulators,” Opt. Express 15(2), 430–436 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. F. Xu, M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 15(3), 924–929 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hardy, J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express 15(1), 150–165 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y.-H. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Paniccia, “Low-threshold continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 232–237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

O. Boyraz, B. Jalali, “Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser,” Opt. Express 12(21), 5269–5273 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ambs, P.

P. Ambs, “Optical computing: a 60-year adventure,” Adv. Opt. Technol. 2010, 372652 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Byun, H.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Chen, H. T.

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

Chen, P.

Chetrit, Y.

Ciftcioglu, B.

Cohen, O.

H. S. Rong, S. B. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, S. Xu, Y.-H. Kuo, V. Sih, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Paniccia, “Low-threshold continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 232–237 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costa, J.

Cunningham, J. E.

Dahlem, M. S.

Dainese, M.

Dalton, L.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiLello, N. A.

Ding, J.

Ding, J. F.

Y. H. Tian, L. Yang, L. Zhang, R. Q. Ji, J. F. Ding, P. Zhou, W. W. Zhu, Y. Y. Lu, “Directed optical half-adder based on two cascaded microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 643–645 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tian, L. Zhang, R. Q. Ji, L. Yang, P. Zhou, H. T. Chen, J. F. Ding, W. W. Zhu, Y. Y. Lu, L. X. Jia, Q. Fang, M. Yu, “Proof of concept of directed OR/NOR and AND/NAND logic circuit consisting of two parallel microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1650–1652 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, P.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emerson, N. G.

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, Q.

Fejer, M.

S. Kumar, D. Gurkan, A. E. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, “All-optical half adder using a PPLN waveguide and an SOA,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exposit.2004, Feb., pp. 23–27.

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Gardes, F. Y.

Geis, M. W.

Geng, M.

Green, W. M. J.

Grein, M. E.

Guo, C.

Gurkan, D.

S. Kumar, D. Gurkan, A. E. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, “All-optical half adder using a PPLN waveguide and an SOA,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exposit.2004, Feb., pp. 23–27.

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hardy, J.

Harvard, K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochberg, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, C. W.

Hoyt, J. L.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, Y.

Izhaky, N.

Jalali, B.

Jen, A. K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, R.

Ji, R. Q.

Jia, L.

Jia, L. X.

Jiang, Z. Y.

Jones, R.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser,” Nature 433(7027), 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. Z.

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Koos, C.

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Nat. Mater. (1)

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Nat. Photonics (5)

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Nat. Phys. (1)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Kumar, D. Gurkan, A. E. Willner, K. Parameswaran, M. Fejer, “All-optical half adder using a PPLN waveguide and an SOA,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exposit.2004, Feb., pp. 23–27.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic and (b) micrograph of the device (CW: continuous wave, EPS: electrical pulse sequence, MRR: microring resonator)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response spectra of the device at theY1 port (a-d) and the Y2 port (e-h) with the applied voltages to the PIN diodes around MRR1 and MRR2 being 0 and 0 V ((a), (e)), 0 and 0.8 V ((b),(f)), 0.9 and 0 V((c),(g)), and 0.9 and 0.8 V ((d),(h)).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signals applied to (a) MRR1 and (b) MRR2, (c) the Carry result at the Y1 port and (d) the Sum result at the Y2 port.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The truth table achieved by the proposed circuit

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