Abstract

We present a simple method for obtaining direct non-scanning images in the far-field with subwavelength resolution. Our approach relies on the use of a digital optical condenser comprised of an array of light emitting diodes uniformly distributed inside of a hollow hemisphere. We demonstrate experimental observation of minimum feature sizes of the order of λ/6 with the proposed technique. Although our experiments were performed at visible frequencies, we anticipate that the proposed approach to subwavelength resolution can be extended to the ultraviolet and infrared spectral regions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

L. Grave de Peralta, C. J. Regan, A. A. Bernussi, “SPP tomography: a simple wide-field nanoscope,” Scanning 35(4), 246–252 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Far-field optical superlens without metal,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(18), 183105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Lopez-Boada, C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Fundaments of optical far-field subwavelength resolution based on illumination with surface waves,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11928–11942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

G. Zheng, C. Kolner, C. Yang, “Microscopy refocusing and dark-field imaging by using a simple LED array,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 3987–3989 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

X. Zhuang, “Nano-imaging with STORM,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

2005

2004

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. O. S. Melville, R. J. Blaikie, C. R. Wolf, “Submicron imaging with a planar silver lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4403–4405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

S. W. Hell, M. Kroug, “Groung-state depletion fluorescence microscopy, a concept for breaking the diffraction resolution limit,” Appl. Phys. B 60(5), 495–497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Betzig, M. Isaacson, A. Lewis, “Collection mode near field scanning optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(25), 2088–2090 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981

H. Köheler, “On Abbe’s theory of image formation in the microscope,” Opt. Acta (Lond.) 28(12), 1691–1701 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1950

H. H. Hopkins, P. M. Barham, “The influence of the condenser on microscopic resolution,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 63(10), 737–744 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Agutu, W.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barham, P. M.

H. H. Hopkins, P. M. Barham, “The influence of the condenser on microscopic resolution,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 63(10), 737–744 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Bernussi, A. A.

C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Far-field optical superlens without metal,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(18), 183105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Grave de Peralta, C. J. Regan, A. A. Bernussi, “SPP tomography: a simple wide-field nanoscope,” Scanning 35(4), 246–252 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lopez-Boada, C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Fundaments of optical far-field subwavelength resolution based on illumination with surface waves,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11928–11942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Regan, R. Rodriguez, S. C. Gourshetty, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Imaging nanoscale features with plasmon-coupled leakage radiation far-field superlenses,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20827–20834 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, M. Isaacson, A. Lewis, “Collection mode near field scanning optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(25), 2088–2090 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Blaikie, R. J.

D. O. S. Melville, R. J. Blaikie, “Super-resolution imaging through a planar silver layer,” Opt. Express 13(6), 2127–2134 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. O. S. Melville, R. J. Blaikie, C. R. Wolf, “Submicron imaging with a planar silver lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4403–4405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

Chaturvedi, P.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chesnutt, C.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, M. W.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Dominguez, D.

Durant, S.

Dyba, M.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Egner, A.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, N.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N. X.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V. A.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fetter, R. D.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Frisbie, S. P.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galbraith, C. G.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Galbraith, J. A.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Gillette, J. M.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Gourshetty, S. C.

Grave de Peralta, L.

C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Far-field optical superlens without metal,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(18), 183105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Grave de Peralta, C. J. Regan, A. A. Bernussi, “SPP tomography: a simple wide-field nanoscope,” Scanning 35(4), 246–252 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lopez-Boada, C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Fundaments of optical far-field subwavelength resolution based on illumination with surface waves,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11928–11942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Regan, R. Rodriguez, S. C. Gourshetty, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Imaging nanoscale features with plasmon-coupled leakage radiation far-field superlenses,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20827–20834 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S. W.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. W. Hell, M. Kroug, “Groung-state depletion fluorescence microscopy, a concept for breaking the diffraction resolution limit,” Appl. Phys. B 60(5), 495–497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hess, H. F.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Holtz, M. E.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, H. H.

H. H. Hopkins, P. M. Barham, “The influence of the condenser on microscopic resolution,” Proc. Phys. Soc. 63(10), 737–744 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Huang, F. M.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isaacson, M.

E. Betzig, M. Isaacson, A. Lewis, “Collection mode near field scanning optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(25), 2088–2090 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. S.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jakobs, S.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanchanawong, P.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Kao, T. S.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klar, T. A.

T. A. Klar, S. Jakobs, M. Dyba, A. Egner, S. W. Hell, “Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(15), 8206–8210 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köheler, H.

H. Köheler, “On Abbe’s theory of image formation in the microscope,” Opt. Acta (Lond.) 28(12), 1691–1701 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, C.

Krishnan, A.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface plasmon-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. Journal 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kroug, M.

S. W. Hell, M. Kroug, “Groung-state depletion fluorescence microscopy, a concept for breaking the diffraction resolution limit,” Appl. Phys. B 60(5), 495–497 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsova, Y.

Lee, H.

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express 15(24), 15886–15891 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Experimental studies of far-field superlens for sub-diffractional optical imaging,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6947–6954 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, A.

E. Betzig, M. Isaacson, A. Lewis, “Collection mode near field scanning optical microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(25), 2088–2090 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lippincott Schwartz, J.

G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Liu, Z.

Logeeswaran, V. J.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
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Lopez-Boada, R.

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R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, R.

C. J. Regan, R. Rodriguez, S. C. Gourshetty, L. Grave de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, “Imaging nanoscale features with plasmon-coupled leakage radiation far-field superlenses,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20827–20834 (2012).
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R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

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G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Srituravanich, W.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Sun, C.

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express 15(24), 15886–15891 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Experimental studies of far-field superlens for sub-diffractional optical imaging,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6947–6954 (2007).
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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Vodyanoy, V.

Wang, S. Y.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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G. Shtengel, J. A. Galbraith, C. G. Galbraith, J. Lippincott Schwartz, J. M. Gillette, S. Manley, R. Sougrat, C. M. Waterman, P. Kanchanawong, M. W. Davidson, R. D. Fetter, H. F. Hess, “Interferometric fluorescent super-resolution microscopy resolves 3D cellular structure,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 3125–3130 (2009).

Williams, R. S.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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D. O. S. Melville, R. J. Blaikie, C. R. Wolf, “Submicron imaging with a planar silver lens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(22), 4403–4405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Experimental studies of far-field superlens for sub-diffractional optical imaging,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6947–6954 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

Yu, Z.

P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Liu, H. Lee, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical hyperlens magnifying sub-diffraction-limited objects,” Science 315(5819), 1686 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee, Z. Liu, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Development of optical hyperlens for imaging below the diffraction limit,” Opt. Express 15(24), 15886–15891 (2007).
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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Experimental studies of far-field superlens for sub-diffractional optical imaging,” Opt. Express 15(11), 6947–6954 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
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W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
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P. Chaturvedi, W. Wu, V. J. Logeeswaran, Z. Yu, M. S. Islam, S. Y. Wang, R. S. Williams, N. X. Fang, “A smooth optical superlens,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(4), 043102 (2010).
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IEEE Photon. Journal

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R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, D. Dominguez, A. A. Bernussi, L. Grave de Peralta, “Far-field optical superlens without metal,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(18), 183105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

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W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
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Z. Liu, S. Durant, H. Lee, Y. Pikus, N. Fang, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, X. Zhang, “Far-field optical superlens,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 403–408 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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X. Zhuang, “Nano-imaging with STORM,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 365–367 (2009).
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