Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel method to depict 2-dimension (2-D) phase portrait by using single-channel-sampling (SCS) technique, which can be used for optical performance monitoring. Single low speed sampling scheme reduces cost and complexity of monitoring system setup significantly. In the experimental demonstration, optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) is monitored from 10 dB to 30 dB by statistical analysis on pattern evolution of the generated 2-D phase portrait in both NRZ and RZ systems. The chromatic dispersion (CD) influence on OSNR monitoring performance is also investigated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, and A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for pol-muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3B.6. (2013).
  3. Z. Chen, L. Yan, A. Yi, W. Pan, B. Luo, “Simultaneous OSNR monitoring for two polarization tributaries of a PDM signal using a polarization-diversity nonlinear loop mirror based on FWM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2376–2381 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. S. Luís, A. Teixeira, P. Monteiro, “Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio estimation using reference asynchronous histograms,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(6), 731–743 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. D. Dods and T. B. Anderson, “Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThP5 (2006).
  9. B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Luís, A. Teixeira, P. Monteiro, “Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio estimation using reference asynchronous histograms,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(6), 731–743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Casper, C.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Chung, Y. C.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gladisch, A.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hanik, N.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khan, F. N.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kozick, B.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P. T.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luís, R. S.

Luo, B.

Maruta, A.

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monteiro, P.

Pan, W.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shake, I.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strebel, B.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Teixeira, A.

Wai, P. K. A.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Yi, A.

Yu, C.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Casper, B. Strebel, “Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels,” Electron. Lett. 35(5), 403–404 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, “Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(4), 620–622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Kozick, A. Maruta, K. Kitayama, “Experimental investigation of delay-tap sampling technique for online monitoring of RZ-DQPSK signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 179–181 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “Statistical analysis of optical signal to noise ratio monitoring Using Delay-Tap Sampling,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(3), 149–151 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, and A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for pol-muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh3B.6. (2013).

S. D. Dods and T. B. Anderson, “Optical performance monitoring technique using delay tap asynchronous waveform sampling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OThP5 (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics