Abstract

We demonstrate how spectral shaping in coherent multidimensional spectroscopy can isolate specific signal pathways and directly access quantitative details. By selectively exciting pathways involving a coherent superposition of exciton states we are able to identify, isolate and analyse weak coherent coupling between spatially separated excitons in an asymmetric double quantum well. Analysis of the isolated signal elucidates details of the coherent interactions between the spatially separated excitons. With a dynamic range exceeding 104 in electric field amplitude, this approach facilitates quantitative comparisons of different signal pathways and a comprehensive description of the electronic states and their interactions.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Hamm, M. Zanni, Concepts and Methods of 2D Infrared Spectroscopy (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Collini, G. D. Scholes, “Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature,” Science 323, 369–373 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Nielsen, I. L. Chuang, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation (Cambridge University Press, 2000).
  8. M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. D. B. Turner, K. A. Nelson, “Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells,” Nature 466, 1089–1092 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. Wen, K. Nelson, “Selective enhancements in 2D fourier transform optical spectroscopy with tailored pulse shapes” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 6380–6387 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Wright, “Multiresonant coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 62, 209–230 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  32. J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, K. A. Nelson, “Diffraction-based femtosecond pulse shaping with a two-dimensional spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 30, 323–325 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  35. S. T Cundiff, “Effects of correlation between inhomogeneously broadened transitions on quantum beats in transient four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 493114–3118 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. J. O. Tollerud, C. R. Hall, J. A. Davis, “Peak-shape analysis of isolated peaks in 3d coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” In Preparation.
  37. D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

2014 (1)

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (4)

P. Wen, K. Nelson, “Selective enhancements in 2D fourier transform optical spectroscopy with tailored pulse shapes” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 6380–6387 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wright, “Multiresonant coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 62, 209–230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

D. B. Turner, K. A. Nelson, “Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells,” Nature 466, 1089–1092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

E. Collini, G. D. Scholes, “Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature,” Science 323, 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, K. A. Nelson, “Diffraction-based femtosecond pulse shaping with a two-dimensional spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 30, 323–325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

S. T Cundiff, “Effects of correlation between inhomogeneously broadened transitions on quantum beats in transient four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 493114–3118 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, T.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, T. K.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arias, D. H.

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Aspuru-Guzik, A.

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Autry, T. M.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Auvray, P.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bastard, G.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M.

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Belsley, M. S.

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blankenship, R. E.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borca, C. N.

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bristow, A. D.

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brumer, P.

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calhoun, T.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calhoun, T. R.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y. C.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, A. Y.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chomette, A.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, I. L.

M. A. Nielsen, I. L. Chuang, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Clerot, F.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Clore, G. M.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collini, E.

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Collini, G. D. Scholes, “Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature,” Science 323, 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T

S. T Cundiff, “Effects of correlation between inhomogeneously broadened transitions on quantum beats in transient four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 493114–3118 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, Steven T.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curmi, P. M. G.

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damen, T. C.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dao, L. V.

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. A.

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. O. Tollerud, C. R. Hall, J. A. Davis, “Peak-shape analysis of isolated peaks in 3d coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” In Preparation.

Deveaud, B.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dinshaw, R.

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisele, D. M.

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Engel, G.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engel, G. S.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ernst, R. R.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faist, J.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldmann, J.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, R.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Feurer, T.

Fleming, G. R.

H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gobel, E. O.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griesinger, C.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gronenborn, A. M.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gundogdu, K.

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, C. R.

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. O. Tollerud, C. R. Hall, J. A. Davis, “Peak-shape analysis of isolated peaks in 3d coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” In Preparation.

Hamm, P.

P. Hamm, M. Zanni, Concepts and Methods of 2D Infrared Spectroscopy (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
[CrossRef]

Hellmann, R.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, T.

Hutchinson, A. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jagadish, C.

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kasprzak, J.

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, K.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kraulis, P. J.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krich, J. J.

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Kuznetsova, I.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landwehr, G.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Langbein, W.

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K.-K.

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leo, K.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X. Q.

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lloyd, S.

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lott, G. A.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mancal, T.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcus, A. H.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meier, T.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miller, S. A.

J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirin, R. P.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohseni, M.

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moody, G.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moran, A. M.

J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morier-Genoud, F.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Mukamel, S.

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Najmaie, A.

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nardin, G.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K.

P. Wen, K. Nelson, “Selective enhancements in 2D fourier transform optical spectroscopy with tailored pulse shapes” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 6380–6387 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. A. Nelson, “Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells,” Nature 466, 1089–1092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, K. A. Nelson, “Diffraction-based femtosecond pulse shaping with a two-dimensional spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 30, 323–325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Nelson, Keith A.

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. A.

M. A. Nielsen, I. L. Chuang, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Nugent, K. A.

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oschkinat, H.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patton, B.

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Perdomo, A.

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quiney, H. M.

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Read, E.

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Read, E. L.

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rebentrost, P.

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, A.

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Richards, G. H.

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Savona, V.

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, W.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholes, G. D.

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Collini, G. D. Scholes, “Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature,” Science 323, 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, J.

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siemens, M. E.

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sivco, D. L.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorensen, O. W.

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steiner, C. P.

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Stenger, J.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, K. W.

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, H. H.

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tekavec, P. F.

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, P.

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tollerud, J. O.

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. O. Tollerud, C. R. Hall, J. A. Davis, “Peak-shape analysis of isolated peaks in 3d coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” In Preparation.

Turner, D. B.

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. A. Nelson, “Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells,” Nature 466, 1089–1092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaswani, H. M.

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaughan, J. C.

Vogt, L.

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Waag, A.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wen, P.

P. Wen, K. Nelson, “Selective enhancements in 2D fourier transform optical spectroscopy with tailored pulse shapes” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 6380–6387 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wilk, K. E.

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Womick, J. M.

J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C. Y.

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wright, J.

J. Wright, “Multiresonant coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 62, 209–230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, D. R.

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuen-Zhou, J.

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Zanni, M.

P. Hamm, M. Zanni, Concepts and Methods of 2D Infrared Spectroscopy (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T. H.

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

J. Wright, “Multiresonant coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 62, 209–230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Perdomo, L. Vogt, A. Najmaie, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Engineering directed excitonic energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 093114 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys (1)

L. Yang, T. Zhang, A. D. Bristow, S. T. Cundiff, S. Mukamel, “Isolating excitonic Raman coherence in semiconductors using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys 129, 234711 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

J. M. Womick, S. A. Miller, A. M. Moran, “Toward the origin of exciton electronic structure in phycobiliproteins,” J. Chem. Phys. 133, 024507 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mohseni, P. Rebentrost, S. Lloyd, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Environment-assisted quantum walks in photosynthetic energy transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 129, 174106 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Tekavec, G. A. Lott, A. H. Marcus, “Fluorescence-detected two-dimensional electronic coherence spectroscopy by acousto-optic phase modulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 127, 214307 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, Keith A. Nelson, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in GaAs quantum wells” J. Chem. Phys. 131, 144510 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. of Chem. Phys. (1)

J. A. Davis, C. R. Hall, L. V. Dao, K. A. Nugent, H. M. Quiney, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” J. of Chem. Phys. 135, 044510 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

P. Wen, K. Nelson, “Selective enhancements in 2D fourier transform optical spectroscopy with tailored pulse shapes” J. Phys. Chem. A 117, 6380–6387 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2)

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Coherent vibronic coupling in light-harvesting complexes from photosynthetic marine algae,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 272–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Richards, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, J. A. Davis, “Disentangling electronic and vibrational coherence in the phycocyanin-645 light harvesting complex,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 43–49 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Li, A. D. Bristow, M. E. Siemens, G. Moody, S. T. Cundiff, “Unraveling quantum pathways using optical 3D Fourier-transform spectroscopy,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1390 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (5)

T. Brixner, J. Stenger, H. M. Vaswani, M. Cho, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis,” Nature 434, 625–628 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Oschkinat, C. Griesinger, P. J. Kraulis, O. W. Sorensen, R. R. Ernst, A. M. Gronenborn, G. M. Clore, “3-dimensional nmr-spectroscopy of a protein in solution,” Nature 332, 374–376 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. Engel, T. R. Calhoun, E. L. Read, T. K. Ahn, T. Mancal, Y. C. Cheng, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Evidence for wavelike energy transfer through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems,” Nature 446, 782–786 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Collini, C. Y. Wong, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, P. Brumer, G. D. Scholes, “Coherently wired light-harvesting in photosynthetic marine algae at ambient temperature,” Nature 463, 644–649 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Turner, K. A. Nelson, “Coherent measurements of high-order electronic correlations in quantum wells,” Nature 466, 1089–1092 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Photon. (1)

J. Kasprzak, B. Patton, V. Savona, W. Langbein, “Coherent coupling between distant excitons revealed by two-dimensional nonlinear hyperspectral imaging,” Nature Photon. 5, 57–63 (2011).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. R. Hall, J. O. Tollerud, H. M. Quiney, J. A. Davis, “Three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy of excitons in asymmetric double quantum wells,” New J. Phys. 15, 045028 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. B. Turner, R. Dinshaw, K.-K. Lee, M. S. Belsley, K. E. Wilk, P. M. G. Curmi, G. D. Scholes, “Quantitative investigations of quantum coherence for a light-harvesting protein at conditions simulating photosynthesis,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 4857–4874 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. T Cundiff, “Effects of correlation between inhomogeneously broadened transitions on quantum beats in transient four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 493114–3118 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

B. Deveaud, A. Chomette, F. Clerot, P. Auvray, A. Regreny, R. Ferreira, G. Bastard, “Subpicosecond luminescence study of tunneling and relaxation in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 7021 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Turner, P. Wen, D. H. Arias, K. A. Nelson, H. Li, G. Moody, M. E. Siemens, S. T. Cundiff, “Persistent exciton-type many-body interactions in GaAs quantum wells measured using two-dimensional optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 201303 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

G. Nardin, G. Moody, R. Singh, T. M. Autry, H. Li, F. Morier-Genoud, S. T. Cundiff, “Coherent excitonic coupling in an asymmetric double ingaas quantum well arises from many body effects,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 046402 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. Leo, J. Shah, E. O. Gobel, T. C. Damen, S. Schmitt-Rink, W. Schafer, K. Kohler, “Coherent oscillations of a wave packet in a semiconductor double-quantum-well structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 201 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Li, T. H. Zhang, C. N. Borca, S. T. Cundiff, “Many-body interactions in semiconductors probed by optical two-dimensional fourier transform spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 057406 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (3)

E. Read, G. Engel, T. Calhoun, T. Mancal, T. Ahn, R. E. Blankenship, G. R. Fleming, “Cross-peak-specific two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14203–14208 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, I. Kuznetsova, T. Meier, X. Li, R. P. Mirin, P. Thomas, Steven T. Cundiff, “Polarization-dependent optical 2D Fourier transform spectroscopy of semiconductors” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104, 14227–14232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yuen-Zhou, J. J. Krich, M. Mohseni, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Quantum state and process tomography of energy transfer systems via ultrafast spectroscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 17615–17620 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. B. Turner, K. W. Stone, K. Gundogdu, K. A. Nelson, “Invited article: The coherent optical laser beam recombination technique (colbert) spectrometer: Coherent multidimensional spectroscopy made easier,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 081301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

E. Collini, G. D. Scholes, “Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature,” Science 323, 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee, Y. C. Cheng, G. R. Fleming, “Coherence dynamics in photosynthesis: Protein protection of excitonic coherence,” Science 316, 1462–1465 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. L. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. L. Hutchinson, A. Y. Cho, “Quantum cascade laser,” Science 264, 553–556 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sol. State Commun. (1)

M. Koch, R. Hellmann, S. T. Cundiff, J. Feldmann, E. O. Gobel, D. R. Yakovlev, A. Waag, G. Landwehr, “Excitonic quantum beats in CdTe/CdMnTe quantum wells,” Sol. State Commun. 88, 515 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. O. Tollerud, C. R. Hall, J. A. Davis, “Peak-shape analysis of isolated peaks in 3d coherent multidimensional spectroscopy,” In Preparation.

M. A. Nielsen, I. L. Chuang, Quantum Information and Quantum Computation (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

P. Hamm, M. Zanni, Concepts and Methods of 2D Infrared Spectroscopy (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yuen-Zhou, D. H. Arias, D. M. Eisele, C. P. Steiner, J. J. Krich, M. Bawendi, K. A. Nelson, A. Aspuru-Guzik, “Coherent exciton dynamics in supramolecular light-harvesting nanotubes revealed by ultrafast quantum process tomography,” arXiv:1308.4566 (2013).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The asymmetric double quantum well structure shows layers of GaAs 5.7 nm and 8 nm thick (the QWs) separated by a 6 nm layer of Al0.35Ga0.65As (the barrier). The profile of the potential perpendicular to the layers is shown in (b), with four bright transitions between electron and hole states localised to each well, as indicated and labelled. (c) Calculated wavefunctions for electrons and holes in the ADQW

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The amplitude masks applied to the SLM and (b) the broadband spectrum (green) and resultant spectra of the two shaped pulses (red and blue) together with the spectrum from the QW sample. (c) Temporal profile of narrowed and un-narrowed spectra as calculated by a Fourier transform of spectra in (b) assuming a flat spectral phase. Plots are normalized and offset for clarity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental results from broadband CMDS experiments. (a) shows the 2D spectrum at t2 = 0 with a logarithmic color scaling. The dashed lines provide a guide to indicate the energy for each of the 4 bright transitions. (b) the 3D spectrum is represented as a series of isosurfaces, with the projections in each direction. The isosurfaces shown are plotted only for certain regions to minimise the complexity of the spectrum and highlight specific peaks. The full isosurfaces at each level are shown in Supplementary Information. The strongest peaks occur at h̄ω2 = 0, indicating population pathways, while peaks away from this plane represent coherent superpositions. The inter-well coherence peaks are shown in more detail in (c) where the 3D spectrum and projections confirm the location and origin of these peaks.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The pulse sequence and states excited in the coherence specific experiment are shown in (b), with the resultant 2D spectrum at t2 = 300 fs in (a) showing only the four inter-well cross-peaks. The 3D spectrum (c) confirms that these peaks arise entirely from inter-well coherence pathways. The separation of the four peaks in three dimensions and enhanced signal to noise allows further quantitative and peak shape analysis.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

h̄ω1 vs h̄ω3 peakshapes for selected peaks from the broadband (a), (b) and pathway selective (c) – (f) 3D spectra. (a) and (b) are normalized individually, (c)–(f) are all normalized to the highest point of the (NWhh, WWhh) peak in the PS spectrum.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(i) 3D, (ii)–(iv) 2D and (v)–(vii) 1D peakshapes from the PS-CMDS 3D spectrum for the (a) (NWhh, WWhh) and (b) (NWlh, NWhh) coherence peaks. The solid blue lines in (v)–(vii) are Gaussian fits.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Calculated probability of finding the electrons or holes in each well.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Tabulated data taken from peak shape fits and peak heights. Uncertainties in the peak width and center are estimated by fitting the data using a range of different reasonable selections of data. Amplitude uncertainties are estimated based on the strength of background signal near the peak. Corrected amplitude uncertainties also include a contribution from the uncertainty of the excitation spectra used for the spectral correction.

Metrics