Abstract

Pulse bursts with a controllable number of pulses per burst have been produced directly from a mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser for the first time. Each output burst contained numerous pulses with a high pulse repetition rate of 29.4 MHz. The duration of a single pulse was 680 ps. The pulse burst had a repetition rate of 251.6 kHz. The pulse burst could easily be further amplified to a total pulse burst energy of ~795 nJ, corresponding to a total average power of 200 mW.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

2011 (2)

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Will, H. I. Templin, S. Schreiber, W. Sandner, “Photoinjector drive laser of the FLASH FEL,” Opt. Express 19(24), 23770–23781 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (7)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 162–169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (2)

1997 (1)

V. V. Afanasjev, B. A. Malomed, P. L. Chu, “Stability of bound states of pulses in the Ginzburg- Landau equations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 56(5), 6020–6025 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

B. A. Malomed, “Bound solitons in the nonlinear Schrödinger-Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. A 44(10), 6954–6957 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Afanasjev, V. V.

V. V. Afanasjev, B. A. Malomed, P. L. Chu, “Stability of bound states of pulses in the Ginzburg- Landau equations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 56(5), 6020–6025 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akçaalan, Ö.

Amrani, F.

Bao, Q.

Breitkopf, S.

Brunel, M.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chartier, T.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Che, Y.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

Chong, A.

Chu, P. L.

V. V. Afanasjev, B. A. Malomed, P. L. Chu, “Stability of bound states of pulses in the Ginzburg- Landau equations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 56(5), 6020–6025 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

Du, J.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efe, M.

Elahi, P.

Eldeniz, Y. B.

Fu, S.

Gong, Y.

Gottschall, T.

Grelu, P.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, Ph.

Gürel, K.

Haboucha, A.

Hao, Y.

Hao, Y. P.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

Hideur, A.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jauregui, C.

Kahle, M.

Kalaycioglu, H.

Kaluza, M. C.

Klenke, A.

Klöpfel, D.

Komarov, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 162–169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Körner, J.

Leblond, H.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 162–169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lei, D. J.

Lempert, W. R.

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38(4), 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, H. F.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Wang, D. Mao, X. Li, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser at controllable repetition rates from fundamental to eighth-order harmonic operation,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(17), 1635–1639 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. L.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liebetrau, H.

Limpert, J.

Lin, C.

Liu, B.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, L. Wang, D. Mao, X. Li, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser at controllable repetition rates from fundamental to eighth-order harmonic operation,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(17), 1635–1639 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loeser, M.

Loh, K. P.

Luan, X. N.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, K.

Malomed, B. A.

V. V. Afanasjev, B. A. Malomed, P. L. Chu, “Stability of bound states of pulses in the Ginzburg- Landau equations,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 56(5), 6020–6025 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Malomed, “Bound solitons in the nonlinear Schrödinger-Ginzburg-Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. A 44(10), 6954–6957 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Man, W. S.

Mao, D.

X. Liu, L. Wang, D. Mao, X. Li, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser at controllable repetition rates from fundamental to eighth-order harmonic operation,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(17), 1635–1639 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Y.

Meng, Y. C.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miles, R. B.

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38(4), 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, M.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Olivier, M.

Ortaç, B.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Otto, H. J.

Piché, M.

Renninger, W. H.

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 162–169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

Satija, A.

Schramm, U.

Schreiber, S.

Schreiber, T.

Seifert, R.

Shum, P. P.

Siebold, M.

Tam, H. Y.

Tan, F.

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

Tang, M.

Templin, H. I.

Thurow, B. S.

Tian, X.

Tünnermann, A.

Uehara, Y.

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

Wang, L.

X. Liu, L. Wang, D. Mao, X. Li, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser at controllable repetition rates from fundamental to eighth-order harmonic operation,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(17), 1635–1639 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wen, S. C.

Will, I.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, P.

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38(4), 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Xu, J.

Yang, Z. J.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yavas, S.

Yilmaz, S.

Zellmer, H.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Q.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, S. M.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

AIAA J. (1)

P. Wu, W. R. Lempert, R. B. Miles, “Megahertz pulse-burst laser and visualization of shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction,” AIAA J. 38(4), 672–679 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

M. Murakami, B. Liu, Z. Hu, Z. Liu, Y. Uehara, Y. Che, “Burst-mode femtosecond pulsed laser deposition for control of thin film morphology and material ablation,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(4), 042501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

X. Liu, L. Wang, D. Mao, X. Li, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a fiber laser at controllable repetition rates from fundamental to eighth-order harmonic operation,” J. Mod. Opt. 57(17), 1635–1639 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. (1)

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Commun. 267(1), 162–169 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (9)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, “Dissipative soliton operation of an ytterbium-doped fiber laser mode locked with atomic multilayer graphene,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3622–3624 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34(9), 1432–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped, all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4150–4153 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, X. Wu, D. J. Lei, S. C. Wen, “Bound states of gain-guided solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(21), 3191–3193 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MP4 (19984 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the all-fiber laser system. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, YDF: Yb-doped fiber, OC: 10% output coupler, PC: polarization controller, PD-ISO: polarization-dependent isolator, SMF: single mode fiber. PI-ISO: polarization-independent isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single pulse with pulse width of 726 ps (a), optical spectrum recorded with 0.5 nm resolution (b) (Inset: optical spectrum with a linear scale), a typical RF spectrum of the laser output after optical-to-electrical conversion, with the repetition rate of the fiber oscillator at 251.6 kHz (c), and the wideband RF spectrum up to 30 MHz (d).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Burst-mode characteristics. Typical laser output pulse burst trains (a). An expanded version of a single pulse burst (b) (Inset: Video capture of the evolution process of the pulse burst with controllable pulse number. See Media 1). Output pulse burst spectrum, centered at 1068 nm, recorded with 0.01 nm resolution (c) (Inset: output burst spectrum with a linear scale). A typical RF spectrum of a single burst with 19 pulses (d). RF spectrum of the onset of a burst with 6 pulses (Inset: Temporal onset of pulse burst.) (e). RF spectrum of a burst with 6 pulses after optical-to-electrical conversion, with a measurable 30 MHz span and 2 kHz RBW (f).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The measured average output power and burst width as a function of the pump power (a). Peak power and burst energy vs pump power (b).

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