Abstract

A convenient polarization independent, broadband femtosecond optical gating technique utilizing transient Kerr lens effect is demonstrated by measuring the chirp structure of linearly polarized or non-polarized white light continuum generated in water and a photonic crystal fiber, respectively. Comparing with previous time-resolved spectroscopic techniques, this Kerr lens gating method is not limited by the requirement of specific nonlinear media with broadband response, critical phase-matching conditions, and especially the pump-probe polarization relationship. By replacing the white light continuum with other broadband light signals of interest, this method can be exploited in other femtosecond time-resolved spectroscopy, e.g., femtosecond photoluminescence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (6)

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Anand, N. Roy, S. S. S. Sai, R. Philip, “Spectral dispersion of ultrafast optical limiting in Coumarin-120 by white-light continuum Z-scan,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 203302 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Ferdinandus, H. Hu, M. Reichert, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Beam deflection measurement of time and polarization resolved ultrafast nonlinear refraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3518–3521 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

L. Yan, J. Si, Y. Yan, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Pump power dependence of femtosecond two-color optical Kerr shutter measurements,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11196–11201 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Heidt, “Pulse preserving flat-top supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 550–559 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (4)

G. Genty, S. Coen, J. M. Dudley, “Fiber super continuum sources (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1771–1785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in a laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40(22), R213–R253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450(7172), 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Koehler, K. König, P. Elsner, R. Bückle, M. Kaatz, “In vivo assessment of human skin aging by multiphoton laser scanning tomography,” Opt. Lett. 31(19), 2879–2881 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Y. Kanemitsu, K. Tomita, H. Inouye, “Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy of exciton localization in InxGa1-xN films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption using a white-light continuum Z-scan,” Opt. Express 13(10), 3594–3599 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (3)

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Ago, H.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anand, B.

B. Anand, N. Roy, S. S. S. Sai, R. Philip, “Spectral dispersion of ultrafast optical limiting in Coumarin-120 by white-light continuum Z-scan,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 203302 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Balu, M.

Birks, T. A.

Boppart, S. A.

H. H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brodeur, A.

Bückle, R.

Chen, F.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Yan, J. Si, Y. Yan, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Pump power dependence of femtosecond two-color optical Kerr shutter measurements,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11196–11201 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

Cheng, J.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Cirloganu, C.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

G. Genty, S. Coen, J. M. Dudley, “Fiber super continuum sources (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1771–1785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Desalvo, R.

Dudley, J. M.

G. Genty, S. Coen, J. M. Dudley, “Fiber super continuum sources (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1771–1785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Elsner, P.

Ernsting, N. P.

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ferdinandus, M. R.

Ferencz, K.

Fischer, R.

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fishman, D. A.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

B. C. Jacobs, J. D. Franson, “All-optical switching using the quantum Zeno effect and two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gabolde, P.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in a laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40(22), R213–R253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

G. Genty, S. Coen, J. M. Dudley, “Fiber super continuum sources (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(8), 1771–1785 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

Gu, X.

Hagan, D. J.

Hales, J.

Hamaguchi, H. O.

Heidt, A. M.

Hou, X.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Yan, J. Si, Y. Yan, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Pump power dependence of femtosecond two-color optical Kerr shutter measurements,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11196–11201 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsieh, C. L.

Hu, H.

Ichida, H.

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

Y. Kanemitsu, K. Tomita, H. Inouye, “Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy of exciton localization in InxGa1-xN films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobs, B. C.

B. C. Jacobs, J. D. Franson, “All-optical switching using the quantum Zeno effect and two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 063830 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450(7172), 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, X.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaatz, M.

Kane, D. J.

Kanematsu, Y.

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kanemitsu, Y.

Y. Kanemitsu, K. Tomita, H. Inouye, “Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy of exciton localization in InxGa1-xN films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kano, H.

Kim, D.

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimmel, M.

Kishida, H.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

Knight, J. C.

Koehler, M. J.

König, K.

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450(7172), 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koyama, T.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Krolikowski, W.

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

Li, C. W.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A. X.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Man, T.-P. M.

McBranch, D. W.

Mizoguchi, K.

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, M.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, A.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakayama, M.

H. Ichida, Y. Kanematsu, K. Mizoguchi, D. Kim, M. Nakayama, “Energy-relaxation dynamics of photogenerated excitons observed from time-resolved photoluminescence of exciton-exciton scattering in CuI thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085417 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

O’Shea, P.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Padilha, L. A.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Philip, R.

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[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, Y.

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M. Sajadi, M. Quick, N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Reichert, M.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450(7172), 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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B. Anand, N. Roy, S. S. S. Sai, R. Philip, “Spectral dispersion of ultrafast optical limiting in Coumarin-120 by white-light continuum Z-scan,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 203302 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S.

Sai, S. S. S.

B. Anand, N. Roy, S. S. S. Sai, R. Philip, “Spectral dispersion of ultrafast optical limiting in Coumarin-120 by white-light continuum Z-scan,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 203302 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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M. Sajadi, M. Quick, N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Sheik-Bahae, M.

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[CrossRef]

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Shui, M.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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H. H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
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X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
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D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

Yang, J. Y.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Zeek, E.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

Zhang, X. R.

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z. G.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano (1)

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in mono layer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. Fischer, S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, Y. S. Kivshar, “Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(19), 191105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanemitsu, K. Tomita, H. Inouye, “Subpicosecond luminescence spectroscopy of exciton localization in InxGa1-xN films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 151120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Anand, N. Roy, S. S. S. Sai, R. Philip, “Spectral dispersion of ultrafast optical limiting in Coumarin-120 by white-light continuum Z-scan,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(20), 203302 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Jin, G. Shi, M. Shui, C. W. Li, J. Y. Yang, X. R. Zhang, Y. X. Wang, K. Yang, Y. L. Song, “The study of excited state absorptions induced solute migration using two-beam pump-probe Z-scan methods,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 489(4-6), 259–262 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450(7172), 1054–1057 (2007).
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Opt. Express (4)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sketch of the experimental setup of the OKLG technique. HW1, 2: half-wave plates; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; M1-M8: mirrors; P: polarizer; L1-L5: focal lenses; DM: dichroic mirror; CL: collimating lens; MO: microscope objective; PCF: photonic crystal fiber; FS: fused silica glass.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Reference WLC spectrum generated in water and Kerr lens gated WLC spectra by IR pump with polarization parallel or perpendicular to the WLC probe for FS plate at Z- or Z + respectively. (b) Normalized transmission spectra of (a). (c) Closed aperture Z-scan signal of the IR pump at 800nm and the probe at 480nm. (See details in context.)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized time-frequency 3D spectra of WLC generated in water measured by OKLG technique with (a) parallel and (b) perpendicular pump-probe polarization for the FS plate locating at Z + and Z- respectively. The chirp structures are fitted using the peak or valley signal and plotted using black dashed lines.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Left: chirp structure of non-polarized WLC generated from NL-2.4-800 PCF using valley signal by locating the FS plate at Z-. Right: cross section and the WLC spectrum of the PCF.

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