Abstract

Highly efficient and high-power operation of Raman fiber lasers in fixed-wavelength and wavelength-tunable cavity configurations based on a graded-index multimode fiber is reported. Fixed-wavelength and wavelength tunable operating regimes are achieved using volume Bragg gratings (VBGs) with center wavelengths of 1658 nm and 1750 nm, respectively. The fixed-wavelength laser yielded a maximum output power of 10.5 W at 1658.3 nm with a FWHM linewidth of ~0.1 nm for the launched pump power of 23.4 W, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 82.7% with respect to the launched pump power. The measured beam quality in the form of M2 factor is ~1.35, corresponding to the fundamental mode of the fiber. For the wavelength-tunable Raman fiber laser, a wavelength tuning range of 37 nm from 1638.5 to 1675.1 nm is obtained with a maximum output power of 3.6 W at 1658.5 nm for the launched pump power of 13.0 W.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2014 (1)

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

S. H. Baek, W. B. Roh, “Single-mode Raman fiber laser based on a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 153–155 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

J. C. Bouteiller, “Spectral modeling of Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1698–1700 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1977 (1)

Alley, T. G.

Badikov, D. V.

Badikov, V. V.

Baek, S. H.

Belenky, G. L.

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bouteiller, J. C.

J. C. Bouteiller, “Spectral modeling of Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1698–1700 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calia, D. B.

Chen, W.

Chiang, K. S.

Clarkson, W. A.

Codemard, C. A.

C. A. Codemard, J. Ji, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, “100 W CW cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801N (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Codemard, P. Dupriez, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, J. Nilsson, “High-power continuous-wave cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(15), 2290–2292 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

DiMarcello, F.

Doroshenko, M. E.

Dupriez, P.

Engel, K. T.

Fan, D.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, L. Zhu, W. Chen, D. Fan, “Efficient all-solid-state mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on resonantly pumped 1.645 μm Er:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2682–2684 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, D. Y.

Feng, Y.

Fleming, J.

Havermeyer, F.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Headley, C.

Huang, H.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Jelger, P.

Jelínek, M.

Jelínková, H.

Jeong, Y.

Ji, J.

C. A. Codemard, J. Ji, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, “100 W CW cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801N (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. G.

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. W.

Laurell, F.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q. S.

Martinelli, R. U.

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meiri, T.

Monberg, E.

Moser, C.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

C. A. Codemard, J. Ji, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, “100 W CW cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801N (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Codemard, P. Dupriez, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, J. Nilsson, “High-power continuous-wave cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(15), 2290–2292 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, N.

Osiko, V. V.

Psaltis, D.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roh, W. B.

Russell, T. H.

Sahu, J. K.

Shen, D.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Shterengas, L.

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steckman, G. J.

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Šulc, J.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Taunay, T.

Taylor, L. R.

Terry, N. B.

Wang, F.

Wang, L.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Wisk, P.

Yamada, R.

Yan, M. F.

Zhang, X.

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. G. Kim, L. Shterengas, R. U. Martinelli, G. L. Belenky, “High-power room-temperature continuous wave operation of 2.7 and 2.8 μm In(Al)GaAsSb/GaSb diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(10), 1926 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Liu, D. Shen, H. Huang, X. Zhang, L. Wang, D. Fan, “High-power and narrow-linewidth Er, Yb fiber laser locked by a volume Bragg grating-pair,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(2), 88–91 (2014).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. Bouteiller, “Spectral modeling of Raman fiber lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(12), 1698–1700 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. Havermeyer, W. Liu, C. Moser, D. Psaltis, G. J. Steckman, “Volume holographic grating-based continuously tunable optical filter,” Opt. Eng. 43(9), 2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, T. Taunay, C. Headley, D. J. DiGiovanni, “Raman fiber laser with 81 W output power at 1480 nm,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3069–3071 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wang, L. Zhu, W. Chen, D. Fan, “Efficient all-solid-state mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on resonantly pumped 1.645 μm Er:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2682–2684 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, “Power scaling of high-efficiency 1.5 μm cascaded Raman fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 38(14), 2538–2541 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, V. V. Osiko, V. V. Badikov, D. V. Badikov, “Dysprosium-doped PbGa2S4 laser generating at 4.3 μm directly pumped by 1.7 μm laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3040–3043 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Kim, P. Jelger, J. K. Sahu, F. Laurell, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power and wavelength-tunable operation of an Er,Yb fiber laser using a volume Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1204–1206 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Baek, W. B. Roh, “Single-mode Raman fiber laser based on a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 153–155 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Codemard, P. Dupriez, Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, J. Nilsson, “High-power continuous-wave cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(15), 2290–2292 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Chiang, “Stimulated Raman scattering in a multimode optical fiber: evolution of modes in Stokes waves,” Opt. Lett. 17(5), 352–354 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. A. Codemard, J. Ji, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, “100 W CW cladding-pumped Raman fiber laser at 1120 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801N (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of Raman fiber lasers based on a graded-index multimode fiber, (a) free-running or fixed-wavelength operation; (b) external cavity for wavelength-tunable operation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power characteristics as a function of launched pump power for different Raman fiber lengths under the free-running operating regime.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated output power characteristic as a function of gain fiber length under the free-running operating regime.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated Stokes output power characteristics as a function of launched pump power for different Raman fiber lengths under the free-running operating regime.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser output powers as a function of launched pump power under the free-running and VBG1-locked fixed-wavelength operating regimes.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser output spectra of Raman fiber lasers under the free-running and VBG2 wavelength-locked modes of operation. Inset: the free-running output spectrum in logarithmic scale recorded at the launched pump power of 21.8 W.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser output power versus tuned operating wavelength under the wavelength-tunable mode of operation.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser output spectra at different tuning wavelengths in logarithmic scale.

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