Abstract

Here we show that a continuous highly conducting metal film can be made transparent for wide-angle and polarization-insensitive incidence of near-infrared light by depositing periodic metal patches on top of the metal film. Based on the optimized computations, the whole system could suppress the reflection and enhance the transmission. This design of transparent metal film can be useful in applications, such as optoelectronic electrodes, solar cells, and micro-electronic displays, where both high electrical conductivity and high optical transmittance are desirable.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (5)

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

Y. Zeng, H. T. Chen, D. A. R. Dalvit, “The role of magnetic dipoles and non-zero-order Bragg waves in metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3540–3546 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

H. T. Chen, “Interference theory of metamaterial perfect absorbers,” Opt. Express 20(7), 7165–7172 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Malureanu, M. Zalkovskij, Z. Y. Song, C. Gritti, A. Andryieuski, Q. He, L. Zhou, P. U. Jepsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, “A new method for obtaining transparent electrodes,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22770–22782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Song, Q. He, S. Y. Xiao, L. Zhou, “Making a continuous metal film transparent via scattering cancellations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Boltasseva, H. A. Atwater, “Materials science. Low-loss plasmonic metamaterials,” Science 331(6015), 290–291 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mühlig, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, “Multipole analysis of meta-atoms,” Metamaterials 5(2–3), 64–73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 689–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H. K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3356–3358 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhou, W. J. Wen, C. T. Chan, P. Sheng, “Electromagnetic-wave tunneling through negative-permittivity media with high magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(24), 243905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(14), 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. B. H. Tahar, T. Ban, Y. Ohya, Y. Takahashi, “Tin doped indium oxide thin films: electrical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2631–2645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. ven Exter, D. Grischkowsky, “Carrier dynamics of electrons and holes in moderately doped silicon,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(17), 12140–12149 (1990).

1983 (2)

Albella, P.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, R. W.

Andryieuski, A.

Atwater, H. A.

A. Boltasseva, H. A. Atwater, “Materials science. Low-loss plasmonic metamaterials,” Science 331(6015), 290–291 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ban, T.

R. B. H. Tahar, T. Ban, Y. Ohya, Y. Takahashi, “Tin doped indium oxide thin films: electrical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2631–2645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Biener, G.

Boltasseva, A.

A. Boltasseva, H. A. Atwater, “Materials science. Low-loss plasmonic metamaterials,” Science 331(6015), 290–291 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

Carter, S. A.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cava, R. J.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

L. Zhou, W. J. Wen, C. T. Chan, P. Sheng, “Electromagnetic-wave tunneling through negative-permittivity media with high magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(24), 243905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chaturvedi, N. X.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, Y. H.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chettiar, U. K.

Chrisey, D. B.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Connor, S. T.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 689–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 689–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalvit, D. A. R.

Drachev, V. P.

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elbahri, M.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eyraud, C.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, S. Y.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faupel, F.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froufe-Perez, L. S.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fu, G. L.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y. H.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Camara, B.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(14), 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Geffrin, J. M.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. L.

Gilmore, C. M.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Medina, R.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

González, F.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

M. ven Exter, D. Grischkowsky, “Carrier dynamics of electrons and holes in moderately doped silicon,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(17), 12140–12149 (1990).

Gritti, C.

Guo, L. J.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. M.

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

He, Q.

Hedayati, M. K.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horwitz, J. S.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Islam, W.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, M.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

Jamali, M.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jepsen, P. U.

Kafafi, Z. H.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, M. G.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kerker, M.

Kildishev, A. V.

Kim, H.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiran Chakravadhanula, V. S.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleiner, V.

Kobayashi, M. S.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, Th.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krajewski, J. J.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, A. I.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwo, J.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lapin, Z.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

Lederer, F.

S. Mühlig, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, “Multipole analysis of meta-atoms,” Metamaterials 5(2–3), 64–73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 689–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Litman, A.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G. Q.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. L.

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. S.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z. Q.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, Y. Hu, G. L. Fu, “Tunable plasmon-induced transparency of double continuous metal films sandwiched with a plasmonic array,” Plasmonics 8(2), 1285–1292 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Logeeswaran Vj, N. P.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Long, L. L.

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malureanu, R.

Marshall, J. H.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mattoussi, H.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Menzel, C.

S. Mühlig, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, “Multipole analysis of meta-atoms,” Metamaterials 5(2–3), 64–73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moreno, F.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mühlig, S.

S. Mühlig, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, “Multipole analysis of meta-atoms,” Metamaterials 5(2–3), 64–73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Niv, A.

Novotny, L.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

O’Hara, J. F.

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohya, Y.

R. B. H. Tahar, T. Ban, Y. Ohya, Y. Takahashi, “Tin doped indium oxide thin films: electrical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2631–2645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ordal, M. A.

Padilla, W. J.

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peck, W. F.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(14), 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Person, S.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

Peumans, P.

J. Y. Lee, S. T. Connor, Y. Cui, P. Peumans, “Solution-processed metal nanowire mesh transparent electrodes,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 689–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, J. M.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Piqué, A.

H. Kim, C. M. Gilmore, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz, H. Mattoussi, H. Murata, Z. H. Kafafi, D. B. Chrisey, “Electrical, optical, and structural properties of indium–tin–oxide thin films for organic light-emitting devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 86(11), 6451–6461 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Porto, J. A.

J. A. Porto, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, J. B. Pendry, “Transmission resonances on metallic gratings with very narrow slits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(14), 2845–2848 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rapkine, D. H.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

S. Mühlig, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, “Multipole analysis of meta-atoms,” Metamaterials 5(2–3), 64–73 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sáenz, J. J.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

Shalaev, V. M.

Sheng, P.

L. Zhou, W. J. Wen, C. T. Chan, P. Sheng, “Electromagnetic-wave tunneling through negative-permittivity media with high magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(24), 243905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegrist, T.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, Z. Y.

Soukoulis, C. M.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strunkus, T.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tahar, R. B. H.

R. B. H. Tahar, T. Ban, Y. Ohya, Y. Takahashi, “Tin doped indium oxide thin films: electrical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2631–2645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

R. B. H. Tahar, T. Ban, Y. Ohya, Y. Takahashi, “Tin doped indium oxide thin films: electrical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2631–2645 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. A.

J. M. Phillips, R. J. Cava, G. A. Thomas, S. A. Carter, J. Kwo, T. Siegrist, J. J. Krajewski, J. H. Marshall, W. F. Peck, D. H. Rapkine, “Zinc-indium-oxide: A high conductivity transparent conducting oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(15), 2246–2248 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vaillon, R.

J. M. Geffrin, B. Garcıa-Camara, R. Gomez-Medina, P. Albella, L. S. Froufe-Perez, C. Eyraud, A. Litman, R. Vaillon, F. González, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. J. Sáenz, F. Moreno, “Magnetic and electric coherence in forward- and back-scattered electromagnetic waves by a single dielectric subwavelength sphere,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1171 (2012).
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M. ven Exter, D. Grischkowsky, “Carrier dynamics of electrons and holes in moderately doped silicon,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(17), 12140–12149 (1990).

Wang,

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, D. S.

Wang, J.

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. A.

Wen, W. J.

L. Zhou, W. J. Wen, C. T. Chan, P. Sheng, “Electromagnetic-wave tunneling through negative-permittivity media with high magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(24), 243905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wicks, G.

S. Person, M. Jain, Z. Lapin, J. J. Sáenz, G. Wicks, L. Novotny, “Demonstration of zero optical backscattering from single nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1806–1809 (2013).
[PubMed]

Williams, R. S.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P.

N. P. Logeeswaran Vj, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, S. Y.

Z. Y. Song, Q. He, S. Y. Xiao, L. Zhou, “Making a continuous metal film transparent via scattering cancellations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. F.

Y. H. Fu, A. I. Kuznetsov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, Y. F. Yu, B. Luk’yanchuk, “Directional visible light scattering by silicon nanoparticles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1527 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, H. K.

Zalkovskij, M.

Zaporojtchenko, V.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Y.

Zhou, H. Q.

Z. Q. Liu, G. Q. Liu, H. Q. Zhou, X. S. Liu, K. Huang, Y. H. Chen, G. L. Fu, “Near-unity transparency of a continuous metal film via cooperative effects of double plasmonic arrays,” Nanotechnology 24(15), 155203 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

H. T. Chen, J. Zhou, J. F. O’Hara, F. Chen, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, “Antireflection coating using metamaterials and identification of its mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 073901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

Z. Y. Song, Q. He, S. Y. Xiao, L. Zhou, “Making a continuous metal film transparent via scattering cancellations,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Malureanu, M. Zalkovskij, Z. Y. Song, C. Gritti, A. Andryieuski, Q. He, L. Zhou, P. U. Jepsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, “A new method for obtaining transparent electrodes,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22770–22782 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, W. J. Wen, C. T. Chan, P. Sheng, “Electromagnetic-wave tunneling through negative-permittivity media with high magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(24), 243905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

M. G. Kang, M. S. Kim, J. Kim, L. J. Guo, “Organic solar cells using nanoimprinted transparent metal electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4408–4413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of the unit cell of the TCM system studied in this paper. The realistic structure is periodic in both x and y directions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated transmittance spectra under normal incidence for the designed TCM (solid red line) with geometric parameters h 1 =30nm , h 2 =10nm , h 3 =20nm , w=145nm , and P=200nm . The transmittance spectrum of the bare continuous silver film with thickness of 20 nm (dashed blue line) is plotted for comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmittance as a function of wavelength and the width of square silver patches. Other geometric parameters are fixed to be h 1 =30nm , h 2 =10nm , h 3 =20nm , and P=200nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Distributions of normalized magnetic field (colormap) and electric displacement (arrows) at the wavelength of 1.55 μm. The rectangles represent the positions of the studied structure.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated transmittance as a function of frequency and incidence angle for (a) TE- and (b) TM-polarized incident waves, where h 1 =30nm , h 2 =10nm , h 3 =20nm , w=145nm , and P=200nm .

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