Abstract

The spatial distributions of the Kα emission from foil targets irradiated with ultra-intensity laser pulses have been studied using the x-ray coded imaging technique. Due to the effect of hard x-ray background contamination, noise as well as imperfection of imaging system, it is hard to determine the PSF analytically or measure it experimentally. Therefore, we propose a blind deconvolution method to restore both the spatial distributions of the Kα emission and the system's PSF from the coded images based on the maximum-likelihood scheme. Experimental restoration results from penumbral imaging and ring coded imaging demonstrated that both the structure integrity and the rich detail information can be well preserved.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

2012

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. R. Davies, “Stopping and scattering of relativistic electron beams in dense plasmas and requirements for fast ignition,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51(1), 015016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

2004

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Preza, J. A. Conchello, “Depth-variant maximum-likelihood restoration for three-dimensional fluorescence microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21(9), 1593–1601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. L. Starck, E. Pantin, F. Murtagh, “Deconvolution in astronomy: a review,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114(800), 1051–1069 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. V. Narayanan, C. L. Byrne, M. A. King, “An interior point iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction algorithm incorporating upper and lower bounds with application to SPECT transmission imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20(4), 342–353 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Troussel, P. Munsch, J. J. Ferme, “Microfocusing between 1 and 5 keV with Wölter-type optics,” Proc. SPIE 3773, 60–69 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1982

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1(2), 113–122 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978

1973

Aglitskiy, Y.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akli, K. U.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amiranoff, F.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, C.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atzeni, S.

S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. R. Davies, “Stopping and scattering of relativistic electron beams in dense plasmas and requirements for fast ignition,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51(1), 015016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aurand, B.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y.

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

Barrett, H. H.

Batani, D.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baton, S. D.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beg, F. N.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourgade, J. L.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brenner, C. M.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, C. L.

M. V. Narayanan, C. L. Byrne, M. A. King, “An interior point iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction algorithm incorporating upper and lower bounds with application to SPECT transmission imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20(4), 342–353 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cannon, T. M.

Cao, L.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carroll, D. C.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chambers, D. M.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chawla, S.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. D.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, M. H.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L.

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

Chung, H. K.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, R. J.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Collette, A.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Conchello, J. A.

Constantin, C. G.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coury, M.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, T.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davies, J. R.

S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. R. Davies, “Stopping and scattering of relativistic electron beams in dense plasmas and requirements for fast ignition,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51(1), 015016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davis, P.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dewald, E. L.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Disdier, L.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Divol, L.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, J.

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Döppner, T.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Düsterer, S.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eagleton, R.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eder, D. C.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eidmann, K.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ewald, F.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fenimore, E. E.

Ferme, J. J.

P. Troussel, P. Munsch, J. J. Ferme, “Microfocusing between 1 and 5 keV with Wölter-type optics,” Proc. SPIE 3773, 60–69 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fill, E.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fils, J.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortmann, C.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R. R.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froula, D. H.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gibbon, P.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giraldez, E.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gizzi, L. A.

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glebov, V. Y.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glenzer, S.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glenzer, S. H.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goldsack, T.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gray, R. J.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gregori, G.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Y.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Hall, T.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, S. B.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y.

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hatchett, S.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hatchett, S. P.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, W.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Heathcote, R.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hey, D.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Higginson, D. P.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, J. M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horrigan, F. A.

Hu, J.

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

Izumi, N.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Key, M. H.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

King, J.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

King, J. A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

King, M. A.

M. V. Narayanan, C. L. Byrne, M. A. King, “An interior point iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction algorithm incorporating upper and lower bounds with application to SPECT transmission imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20(4), 342–353 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, J. A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koenig, M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Köster, P.

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kritcher, A.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kritcher, A. L.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuba, J.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuehl, T.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kugland, N. L.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Labate, L.

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lancaster, K. L.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Landen, O.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Landen, O. L.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Landoas, O.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lantuéjoul, I.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larson, D. J.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Pape, S.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lerche, R. A.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Levato, T.

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Li, Y. T.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. X.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Link, A.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
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Lübcke, A.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
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Ma, T.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mackinnon, A. J.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacPhee, A. G.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinolli, E.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mašek, M.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKenna, P.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McLean, H. S.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
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T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mishra, R.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morace, A.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
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Munsch, P.

P. Troussel, P. Munsch, J. J. Ferme, “Microfocusing between 1 and 5 keV with Wölter-type optics,” Proc. SPIE 3773, 60–69 (1999).
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Murphy, C. D.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
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Murtagh, F.

J. L. Starck, E. Pantin, F. Murtagh, “Deconvolution in astronomy: a review,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114(800), 1051–1069 (2002).
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Narayanan, M. V.

M. V. Narayanan, C. L. Byrne, M. A. King, “An interior point iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction algorithm incorporating upper and lower bounds with application to SPECT transmission imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20(4), 342–353 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Neumayer, P.

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nicoul, M.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niemann, C.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nikroo, A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norreys, P.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pantin, E.

J. L. Starck, E. Pantin, F. Murtagh, “Deconvolution in astronomy: a review,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114(800), 1051–1069 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. S.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perelli-Cippo, E.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ping, Y.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pretzler, G.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Preza, C.

Price, D. F.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pu, Y.

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quinn, M. N.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rabec Le Gloahec, M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reich, Ch.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Remington, B. A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robey, H. F.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, A. P. L.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ross, J. S.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rousseaux, C.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rouyer, A.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saemann, A.

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sangster, T. C.

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. J.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sawada, H.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiavi, A.

S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. R. Davies, “Stopping and scattering of relativistic electron beams in dense plasmas and requirements for fast ignition,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51(1), 015016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schwoerer, H.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scianitti, F.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sentoku, Y.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shepp, L. A.

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1(2), 113–122 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shui, M.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Shymanovich, U.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Snavely, R.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Snavely, R. A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starck, J. L.

J. L. Starck, E. Pantin, F. Murtagh, “Deconvolution in astronomy: a review,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114(800), 1051–1069 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steinman, D. A.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stephens, R. B.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoeckel, C.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckl, C.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Storm, M.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

Tabak, M.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tarasevitch, A.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teng, J.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Teubner, U.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Theobald, W.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Town, R. P. J.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tresca, O.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Troussel, P.

P. Troussel, P. Munsch, J. J. Ferme, “Microfocusing between 1 and 5 keV with Wölter-type optics,” Proc. SPIE 3773, 60–69 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vardi, Y.

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1(2), 113–122 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von der Linde, D.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, M. S.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wickersham, J. E.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilks, S. C.

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

Yuan, X. H.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. B.

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zielbauer, B.

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

D. C. Eder, G. Pretzler, E. Fill, K. Eidmann, A. Saemann, “Spatial characteristics of Kα radiation from weakly relativistic laser plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 211–217 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H. K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, C. Niemann, “High Kα x-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

ICIC EL

W. He, Z. Zhao, F. Li, J. Teng, M. Shui, L. Cao, Y. Gu, “A parallel deconvolution algorithm in coded imaging,” ICIC EL 7, 2407–2410 (2013).

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging

L. A. Shepp, Y. Vardi, “Maximum likelihood reconstruction for emission tomography,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 1(2), 113–122 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. V. Narayanan, C. L. Byrne, M. A. King, “An interior point iterative maximum-likelihood reconstruction algorithm incorporating upper and lower bounds with application to SPECT transmission imaging,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20(4), 342–353 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Phys. Plasmas

L. Disdier, A. Rouyer, I. Lantuéjoul, O. Landoas, J. L. Bourgade, T. C. Sangster, V. Y. Glebov, R. A. Lerche, “Inertial confinement fusion neutron images,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. U. Akli, M. H. Key, H. K. Chung, S. B. Hansen, R. R. Freeman, M. H. Chen, G. Gregori, S. Hatchett, D. Hey, N. Izumi, J. King, J. Kuba, P. Norreys, A. J. Mackinnon, C. D. Murphy, R. Snavely, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckel, W. Theobald, B. Zhang, “Temperature sensitivity of Cu Kα imaging efficiency using a spherical Bragg reflecting crystal,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, D. M. Chambers, H. K. Chung, R. J. Clarke, R. Eagleton, E. Giraldez, T. Goldsack, R. Heathcote, N. Izumi, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, O. L. Landen, A. Nikroo, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, B. A. Remington, H. F. Robey, R. A. Snavely, D. A. Steinman, R. B. Stephens, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, M. Tabak, W. Theobald, R. P. J. Town, J. E. Wickersham, B. B. Zhang, “High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 13(5), 056309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Le Pape, P. Neumayer, C. Fortmann, T. Döppner, P. Davis, A. Kritcher, O. Landen, S. Glenzer, “X-ray radiography and scattering diagnosis of dense shock-compressed matter,” Phys. Plasmas 17(5), 056309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys.

W. Lu, M. Nicoul, U. Shymanovich, A. Tarasevitch, P. Zhou, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, D. von der Linde, M. Mašek, P. Gibbon, U. Teubner, “Optimized Kalpha x-ray flashes from femtosecond-laser-irradiated foils,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 80(2), 026404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of Kalpha x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, F. Scianitti, “Kα fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Chawla, M. S. Wei, R. Mishra, K. U. Akli, C. D. Chen, H. S. McLean, A. Morace, P. K. Patel, H. Sawada, Y. Sentoku, R. B. Stephens, F. N. Beg, “Effect of target material on fast-electron transport and resistive collimation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(2), 025001 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ma, H. Sawada, P. K. Patel, C. D. Chen, L. Divol, D. P. Higginson, A. J. Kemp, M. H. Key, D. J. Larson, S. Le Pape, A. Link, A. G. MacPhee, H. S. McLean, Y. Ping, R. B. Stephens, S. C. Wilks, F. N. Beg, “Hot electron temperature and coupling efficiency scaling with prepulse for cone-guided fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(11), 115004 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion

S. Atzeni, A. Schiavi, J. R. Davies, “Stopping and scattering of relativistic electron beams in dense plasmas and requirements for fast ignition,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51(1), 015016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Quinn, X. H. Yuan, X. X. Lin, D. C. Carroll, O. Tresca, R. J. Gray, M. Coury, C. Li, Y. T. Li, C. M. Brenner, A. P. L. Robinson, D. Neely, B. Zielbauer, B. Aurand, J. Fils, T. Kuehl, P. McKenna, “Refluxing of fast electrons in solid targets irradiated by intense, picosecond laser pulses,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 53(2), 025007 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, Y. Ding, J. Dong, Y. Hao, S. Wu, L. Cao, Y. Pu, “Richardson-Lucy method for decoding x-ray ring code image,” Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 49(8), 1145–1150 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Hu, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Y. Sun, Y. Bai, “A new method of image reconstruction with high resolution in x-ray coded aperture imaging,” Proc. SPIE 5918, 591818 (2005).

P. Troussel, P. Munsch, J. J. Ferme, “Microfocusing between 1 and 5 keV with Wölter-type optics,” Proc. SPIE 3773, 60–69 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

J. L. Starck, E. Pantin, F. Murtagh, “Deconvolution in astronomy: a review,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114(800), 1051–1069 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

L. Labate, P. Köster, T. Levato, L. A. Gizzi, “A novel technique for single-shot energy-resolved 2D x-ray imaging of plasmas relevant for the inertial confinement fusion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 103504 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

W. Stefan, “Image restoration by blind deconvolution,” Diploma Thesis, Technische Universität München and Arizona State University, 2003.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental arrangement for the spatial distribution measurement of Kα source, (b) The 12μm × 7μm elliptic focal spot.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The penumbral coded image and the restoration results. (a) Penumbral coded image, (b) An electron microscope image of the real penumbral aperture fabricated by a laser drilling machine, (c) Initial estimated PSF, (d) The restored PSF, (e) The restored spatial distribution of Kα emission.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The ring coded image and the restoration results. (a) Ring coded image, (b) The pinhole image at the center of the ring aperture, (c) An electron microscope image of the real ring aperture fabricated by a laser drilling machine, (d) Initial estimated PSF, (e) restored PSF, (f) The restored spatial distribution of Kα emission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Procedure of the proposed blind deconvolution method

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p ( X / Y ) = p ( Y / X ) p ( X ) p ( Y ) ,
X ^ = arg max p ( X / Y ) = arg max p ( Y / X ) ,
p ( Y k | X k ) = 1 2 π σ exp { 1 2 [ Y k ( H X ) k σ ] 2 } ,
L ( X ) = ln k = 1 N p ( Y k | X k ) = 1 2 σ 2 k = 1 N [ ( Y k ( H X ) k ) 2 ] N 2 ln σ 2 N 2 ln ( 2 π ) ,
L X j = 1 σ 2 [ k = 1 N ( H k j ( i = 1 N H k i X i ) H k j Y k ) ] ,
X ^ j ( t + 1 ) = X ^ j ( t ) k = 1 N H k j Y k k = 1 N H k j ( i = 1 N H k i X ^ i t ) .
H ^ j ( t + 1 ) = H ^ j ( t ) k = 1 N X k j Y k k = 1 N X k j ( i = 1 N X k i H ^ i t ) .

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