Abstract

We present a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based multimode fiber sensor with non-golden bimetallic coating. Our detection scheme used, which is capable of measuring the combined effects of SPR-induced birefringence and intensity changes, supported the minimum resolvable refractive index (RI) of 5.8 × 10−6 RIU with the operating RI range of 0.05 to be experimentally obtained at a single wavelength (632.8 nm) without non-spectroscopic techniques. The asymmetric profile of the thickness of the bimetal coating on the fiber core together with the inherent range of incidence angle for multimode propagation also contributed to the wide operating range. The SPR fiber device with the detection scheme demonstrated will be likely to be developed as a real-time label-free and highly sensitive diagnostic device of a wide operating range for biomedical and biochemical applications in a portable format.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  5. J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
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  25. M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
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  26. J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008

R. K. Vema, A. K. Sharma, B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based tapered fiber optic sensor with different taper profiles,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1486–1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sharmal, G. J. Mohr, “On the performance of surface plasmon resonance based fibre optic sensor with different bimetallic nanoparticle alloy combinations,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41, 055106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H.-Y. Lin, W.-H. Tsa, Y.-C Tsao, B.-C Sheu, “Side-polished multimode fiber biosensors based on surface plasmon resonance with halogen light,” Appl. Opt. 46, 800–806 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123, 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Mitsushio, K. Miyashita, M. Higo, “Sensor properties and surface characterization of the metal-deposited SPR optical fiber sensors with Au, Ag, Cu and Al,” Sens. Actuators A 125, 296–303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

B. D. Gupta, A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107, 40–46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

E. Fontana, “A novel gold-coated multimode fiber sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 82–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sen. Actuators B Chem. 54, 74–79 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Miniaturization of fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51, 311–315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

S. Miwa, T. Arakawa, “Selective gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Thin Solid Films 281, 466–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kruchinin, Y. G. Vlasov, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring by means of polarization state measurement in reflected light as the basis of a DNA-probe biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 30, 77–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35, 187–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Homola, “Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon excitation,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29, 401–405 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. C. Jorgenson, S. S. Yee, “A fiber optica chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B 12, 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundström, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, T.

S. Miwa, T. Arakawa, “Selective gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Thin Solid Films 281, 466–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bartholomew, D.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brown, B. J. T.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brynda, E.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Carr, R.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. W.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, M. H.

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123, 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, H. P.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, M. H.

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123, 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, T.-L.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ctyroký, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sen. Actuators B Chem. 54, 74–79 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Miniaturization of fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51, 311–315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Daniels, P. B.

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, J. K.

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dostálek, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eddowes, M. J.

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fielden, P. R.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fontana, E.

E. Fontana, “A novel gold-coated multimode fiber sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 82–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Furlong, C.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, A.

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, H.

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goddard, N. J.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, B. D.

R. K. Vema, A. K. Sharma, B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based tapered fiber optic sensor with different taper profiles,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1486–1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta, A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107, 40–46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Higo, M.

M. Mitsushio, K. Miyashita, M. Higo, “Sensor properties and surface characterization of the metal-deposited SPR optical fiber sensors with Au, Ag, Cu and Al,” Sens. Actuators A 125, 296–303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sen. Actuators B Chem. 54, 74–79 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Miniaturization of fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51, 311–315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, “Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon excitation,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29, 401–405 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.-G.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, K. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35, 187–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jorgenson, R. C.

R. C. Jorgenson, S. S. Yee, “A fiber optica chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B 12, 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Juang, R.-H.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S. K.

Kruchinin, A. A.

A. A. Kruchinin, Y. G. Vlasov, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring by means of polarization state measurement in reflected light as the basis of a DNA-probe biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 30, 77–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Lee, C. K.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-L.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leung, P. T.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. L.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liedberg, B.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundström, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. L.

Lin, H.-M.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-Y.

Lin, T. Y.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. B.

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lowe, C. R.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, I.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundström, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Manikova, Z.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McDonnell, M. B.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melendez, J.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Millington, R. B.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mitsushio, M.

M. Mitsushio, K. Miyashita, M. Higo, “Sensor properties and surface characterization of the metal-deposited SPR optical fiber sensors with Au, Ag, Cu and Al,” Sens. Actuators A 125, 296–303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miwa, S.

S. Miwa, T. Arakawa, “Selective gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Thin Solid Films 281, 466–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyashita, K.

M. Mitsushio, K. Miyashita, M. Higo, “Sensor properties and surface characterization of the metal-deposited SPR optical fiber sensors with Au, Ag, Cu and Al,” Sens. Actuators A 125, 296–303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, G. J.

A. K. Sharmal, G. J. Mohr, “On the performance of surface plasmon resonance based fibre optic sensor with different bimetallic nanoparticle alloy combinations,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41, 055106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, S.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nekvindová, P.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, S. G.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35, 187–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nylander, C.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundström, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Payne, F. P.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pedley, D.

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Renault, N. J.

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez, F. J.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schröfel, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, A. K.

R. K. Vema, A. K. Sharma, B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based tapered fiber optic sensor with different taper profiles,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1486–1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta, A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107, 40–46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sharmal, A. K.

A. K. Sharmal, G. J. Mohr, “On the performance of surface plasmon resonance based fibre optic sensor with different bimetallic nanoparticle alloy combinations,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41, 055106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sheu, B.-C

Shih, C. H.

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123, 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Skalský, M.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skvor, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sen. Actuators B Chem. 54, 74–79 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Miniaturization of fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51, 311–315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spirková, J.

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taneja, H.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsa, W.-H.

Tsao, Y.-C

Tubb, A. J. C.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vema, R. K.

R. K. Vema, A. K. Sharma, B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based tapered fiber optic sensor with different taper profiles,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1486–1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. G.

A. A. Kruchinin, Y. G. Vlasov, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring by means of polarization state measurement in reflected light as the basis of a DNA-probe biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 30, 77–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.-S.

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. J.

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

Yee, S.

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35, 187–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson, S. S. Yee, “A fiber optica chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B 12, 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zourob, M.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Biosens. Bioelectr.

M. Zourob, S. Mohr, B. J. T. Brown, P. R. Fielden, M. B. McDonnell, N. J. Goddard, “Bacteria detection using disposable optical leaky waveguide sensors,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 21, 293–302 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-G. Huang, C.-L. Lee, H.-M. Lin, T.-L. Chuang, W.-S. Wang, R.-H. Juang, C.-H. Wang, C. K. Lee, “A miniaturized germanium-doped silicon dioxide-based surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor for immunoassay detection,” Biosens. Bioelectr. 22, 519–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol.

E. Fontana, “A novel gold-coated multimode fiber sensor,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 50, 82–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

A. K. Sharmal, G. J. Mohr, “On the performance of surface plasmon resonance based fibre optic sensor with different bimetallic nanoparticle alloy combinations,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41, 055106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

R. K. Vema, A. K. Sharma, B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based tapered fiber optic sensor with different taper profiles,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1486–1491 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Sen. Actuators B Chem.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Single-mode optical fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sen. Actuators B Chem. 54, 74–79 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundström, “Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Daniels, J. K. Deacon, M. J. Eddowes, D. Pedley, “Surface plasmon resonance applied to immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators 15, 11–17 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A

M. Mitsushio, K. Miyashita, M. Higo, “Sensor properties and surface characterization of the metal-deposited SPR optical fiber sensors with Au, Ag, Cu and Al,” Sens. Actuators A 125, 296–303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A Phys.

W. B. Lin, N. J. Renault, A. Gagnaire, H. Gagnaire, “The effects of polarization of the incident light modelling and analysis of a SPR multimode optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys. 84, 198–204 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, C. R. Lowe, “Sing-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor,” Sens. Actuators B 41, 71–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson, S. S. Yee, “A fiber optica chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B 12, 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kruchinin, Y. G. Vlasov, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring by means of polarization state measurement in reflected light as the basis of a DNA-probe biosensor,” Sens. Actuators B 30, 77–80 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostálek, J. Čtyroký, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalský, P. Nekvindová, J. Spirková, J. Skvor, J. Schröfel, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide,” Sens. Actuators B 76, 8–12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B Chem.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 35, 187–191 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Melendez, R. Carr, D. Bartholomew, H. Taneja, S. Yee, C. Jung, C. Furlong, “Development of a surface plasmon resonance sensor for commercial applications,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 39, 375–379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, “Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon excitation,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 29, 401–405 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroký, “Miniaturization of fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 51, 311–315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta, A. K. Sharma, “Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 107, 40–46 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroký, “Surface plasmon resonance based on a single mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 90, 236–242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Chiu, C. H. Shih, M. H. Chi, “Optimum sensitivity of single mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 123, 1120–1124 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

H. P. Chiang, C. W. Chen, J. J. Wu, H. L. Li, T. Y. Lin, F. J. Sánchez, P. T. Leung, “Effects of temperature on the surface plasmon resonance at a metal-semiconductor interface,” Thin Solid Films 515, 6953–6961 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Miwa, T. Arakawa, “Selective gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Thin Solid Films 281, 466–468 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. C. Weast, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 68 (CRC Press, 1987), p. D-232.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Metal vapor deposition on the exposed core surface of the clad-free optical fiber. (b) Expected cross-section of the metal coating profile on the fiber core after the bimetallic deposition for SPR.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the experimental setup for analyte solution sensing. λ/4 and λ/2 represent a quarter- and a half-wave plates, respectively, PBS denotes a polarizing beam splitter, and BD a balanced detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sensing of glycerol concentration (volume to volume ratio) for the fiber device with no metal coating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sensing of glycerol concentration (volume to volume ratio) for different ratios of Ag and Al coating thicknesses.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

glycerol concentration (volume to volume ratio) sensing by measurement of optical power at the fiber output.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k ex l = ω c Re [ ε m ε d ε m + ε d ] ,
E d ( r ) = E d ( 0 ) e r k s p 2 k d 2 ,
[ E out H E out V ] = ( R ( ξ ) [ e i Γ / 2 0 0 e i Γ / 2 ] R ( ξ ) ) [ 1 ± i ] ,
[ E λ / 2 , out H E λ / 2 , out V ] = i [ cos 2 ψ sin 2 ψ sin 2 ψ cos 2 ψ ] [ E out H E out V ] ,
[ I H I V ] = [ ( I out / 2 ) ( 1 sin Γ sin ( 2 ξ 4 ψ ) ) ( I out / 2 ) ( 1 + sin Γ sin ( 2 ξ 4 ψ ) ) ] ,
S max ( I ) min ( I ) = 2 I out sin Γ .

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