Abstract

We propose the use of interleaved graphene sections on top of a silicon waveguide to implement tunable Bragg gratings. The filter central wavelength and bandwidth can be controlled changing the chemical potential of the graphene sections. Apodization techniques are also presented.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Zheng, C. Zhao, S. Lu, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, “Microwave and optical saturable absorption in graphene,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23201–23214 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Liu, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Double-layer graphene optical modulator,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1482–1485 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Xu, Y. Jin, L. Yang, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Characteristics of electro-refractive modulating based on Graphene-Oxide-Silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22398–22405 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. See http://camfr.sourceforge.net/ .
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2014

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Burla, L. R. Cortés, M. Li, X. Wang, L. Chrostowski, J. Azaña, “Integrated waveguide Bragg gratings for microwave photonics signal processing,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25120–25147 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s function and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, H. Li, Y. Painchaud, “Multi-channel notch filter based on a phase-shift phase-only-sampled fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19388–19394 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

Azaña, J.

Bonnacorso, F.

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boscolo, S.

Burla, M.

Capobianco, A.-D.

Chen, Y.

Chrostowski, L.

Cortés, L. R.

Dai, T.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

de Sterke, C. M.

Engheta, N.

A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geim, A. K.

A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geng, B.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanson, G. W.

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s function and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, T.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jena, D.

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, Y. Jin, L. Yang, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Characteristics of electro-refractive modulating based on Graphene-Oxide-Silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22398–22405 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, Y.

Ju, L.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, J.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, M.

Li, W.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zheng, C. Zhao, S. Lu, Y. Chen, Y. Li, H. Zhang, S. Wen, “Microwave and optical saturable absorption in graphene,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23201–23214 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

M. Liu, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Double-layer graphene optical modulator,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1482–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Locatelli, A.

Lu, S.

Lu, Z.

Majundar, A.

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

Moresco, M.

Novoselov, K. S.

A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painchaud, Y.

Pei, C.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

Qi, J.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, L.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, X.

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romagnoli, M.

Sensale-Rodriguez, B.

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shen, A.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Sun, Z.

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vakil, A.

A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovick, J.

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wan, F.

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wen, S.

Xing, H. G.

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Yan, R.

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, Y. Jin, L. Yang, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Characteristics of electro-refractive modulating based on Graphene-Oxide-Silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22398–22405 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Xu, Y. Jin, L. Yang, J. Yang, X. Jiang, “Characteristics of electro-refractive modulating based on Graphene-Oxide-Silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22398–22405 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Double-layer graphene optical modulator,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1482–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Double-layer graphene optical modulator,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1482–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, L.

Zheng, Z.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Majundar, J. Kim, J. Vuckovick, F. Wan, “Graphene for Tunable Nanophotonic Resonators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(1), 68–71 (2014).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Yang, T. Hu, A. Shen, C. Pei, Y. Li, T. Dai, H. Yu, Y. Li, X. Jiang, J. Yang, “Proposal for a 2×2 Optical Switch Based on Graphene-Silicon-Waveguide Microring,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(3), 235–238 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green’s function and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nano Lett.

M. Liu, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Double-layer graphene optical modulator,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1482–1485 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanoscale

J. Feng, W. Li, X. Qian, J. Qi, L. Qi, J. Li, “Patterning of graphene,” Nanoscale 4(16), 4883–4899 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

A. K. Geim, K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater. 6(3), 183–191 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

F. Bonnacorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Proc. IEEE

B. Sensale-Rodriguez, R. Yan, L. Liu, D. Jena, H. G. Xing, “Graphene for Reconfigurable THz Optoelectronics,” Proc. IEEE 101(7), 1705–1716 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Science

A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Transformation optics using graphene,” Science 332(6035), 1291–1294 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

See http://camfr.sourceforge.net/ .

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