Abstract

Phase regeneration of differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals is demonstrated using a silicon waveguide as nonlinear medium for the first time. A p-i-n junction across the waveguide enables decreasing the nonlinear losses introduced by free-carrier absorption (FCA), thus allowing phase-sensitive extinction ratios as high as 20 dB to be reached under continuous-wave (CW) pumping operation. Furthermore the regeneration properties are investigated under dynamic operation for a 10-Gb/s DPSK signal degraded by phase noise, showing receiver sensitivity improvements above 14 dB. Different phase noise frequencies and amplitudes are examined, resulting in an improvement of the performance of the regenerated signal in all the considered cases.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takenouchi, “In-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express 21, 12077–12084 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Neo, J. Schröder, Y. Paquot, D-Y. Choi, S. Madden, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, “Phase-sensitive amplification of light in a χ(3) photonic chip using a dispersion engineered chalcogenide ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 21, 7926–7933 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.
  8. Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.
  9. Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. H. Rey, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Phase-sensitive amplification in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 39, 363–366 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 3582–3591 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, M. Jazayerifar, G. Winzer, H. Tian, R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, “Highly efficient CW parametric conversion at 1550 nm in SOI waveguides by reverse biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 20, 13100–13107 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11
  13. W. Sfar Zaoui, A. Kunze, W. Vogel, M. Berroth, J. Butschke, F. Letzkus, J. Burghartz, “Bridging the gap between optical fibers and silicon photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Express 22, 1277–1286 (2014).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (2)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18, 3582–3591 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Berroth, M.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Burghartz, J.

Butschke, J.

Choi, D-Y.

Da Ros, F.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elschner, R.

Fadil, A.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gajda, A.

A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, M. Jazayerifar, G. Winzer, H. Tian, R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, “Highly efficient CW parametric conversion at 1550 nm in SOI waveguides by reverse biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 20, 13100–13107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

Gallo, K.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Husko, C.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. H. Rey, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Phase-sensitive amplification in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 39, 363–366 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jazayerifar, M.

Ji, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Kakande, J.

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, N.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

Krauss, T. F.

Kunze, A.

Lee, K. J.

Lefrancois, S.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. H. Rey, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Phase-sensitive amplification in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 39, 363–366 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

Letzkus, F.

Levy, J. S.

Lipson, M.

Liu, S.

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Mazroa, D.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Neo, R.

O’Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Palushani, E.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Paquot, Y.

Parmigiani, F.

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, M. Jazayerifar, G. Winzer, H. Tian, R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, “Highly efficient CW parametric conversion at 1550 nm in SOI waveguides by reverse biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 20, 13100–13107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

Petropoulos, P.

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

Pu, M.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Puttnam, B. J.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rey, I.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

Rey, I. H.

Richardson, D. J.

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 17, 20393–20400 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richter, T.

Rottwitt, K.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Salem, R.

Schröder, J.

Schubert, C.

Seoane, J.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Sfar Zaoui, W.

Shinada, S.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

Tian, H.

Tillack, B.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Umeki, T.

Vogel, W.

Vukovic, D.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Wada, N.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, G.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. H. Rey, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Phase-sensitive amplification in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 39, 363–366 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

Zimmermann, L.

A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, M. Jazayerifar, G. Winzer, H. Tian, R. Elschner, T. Richter, C. Schubert, B. Tillack, K. Petermann, “Highly efficient CW parametric conversion at 1550 nm in SOI waveguides by reverse biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 20, 13100–13107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Large phase sensitive gain in periodically poled lithium-niobate with high pump power,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 426–428 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, C. Peucheret, “Experimental demonstration of phase sensitive parametric processes in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO (2013), paper CM4D.7.

Y. Zhang, C. Husko, J. Schröder, S. Lefrancois, I. Rey, T. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, “Record 11 dB phase sensitive amplification in sub-millimeter silicon waveguides,” in Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics Pacific Rim, CLEO-PR (2013), postdeadline paper PD1b-3.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, C. Peucheret, “Continuous wave phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in silicon waveguides with reverse-biased p-i-n junctions,” in European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper P.2.11

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM picture of the cross-section of a silicon nano-rib waveguide: width W= 500 nm, height H= 210 nm and slab height s= 50 nm. (b) Fiber-to-fiber insertion losses and conversion efficiency bandwidth (pump at 1552 nm) as a function of the signal wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for static characterization of the phase-sensitive properties of the silicon waveguide with reverse-biased p-i-n junction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized phase-sensitive gain as a function of the signal phase for various total power levels at the input vertical grating coupler and p-i-n junction reverse-biased either at 20 V or at 25 V. (b) Spectra at the input and output of the waveguide for maximum and minimum output signal power with 28 dBm of total input power and 25 V of reverse-bias applied.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for dynamic phase regeneration of a 10-Gb/s DPSK signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optical spectra at the input and output of the waveguide under dynamic operation with a 10-Gb/s DPSK signal. (b) Eye diagrams at the receiver for −36 dBm of received power before (left) and after (right) regeneration, without (top) and with (bottom) phase noise generated by a 5-GHz tone with a modulation index of 0.57.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) BER as a function of the received power for different phase noise loading conditions before (solid symbols) and after (hollow symbols) regeneration. (b) Power penalty (compared to back-to-back for a BER=10−9) as a function of the modulation index of the 5-GHz radio frequency tone used to emulate the phase noise.

Metrics