Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally the existence of the elliptically polarized injection-locked (EPIL) state. This state is observed when a single-transverse mode VCSEL is subject to orthogonal optical injection. The spectral feature of the EPIL state is verified and the power of each polarization is measured. The regime of the EPIL state is identified in the parameter plane of frequency detuning and injection power for different bias currents. As current decreases the frequency detuning range for the EPIL to exist is narrower and shifts toward the negative frequency detuning. Periodic dynamics of the VCSEL is found in the neighborhood of the EPIL regime.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Valle, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, “Polarization behavior of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 557–559 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSELs due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(1), 6–8 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical- cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73(2), 023811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Panajotov, I. Gatare, A. Valle, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Polarization-and transverse mode dynamics in optically injected and gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1473–1481 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. A. Qader, Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, “Role of suppressed mode in the polarization switching characteristics of optically injected VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 205–210 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18(9), 9423–9428 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Guo, T. Sun, W. Yang, D. Parekh, C. Zhang, X. Xie, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, A. Xu, Z. Chen, “Optical phase modulation based on directly modulated reflection-mode OIL-VCSEL,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22114–22123 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 60–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Qader, Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, “Role of suppressed mode in the polarization switching characteristics of optically injected VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 205–210 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Guo, T. Sun, W. Yang, D. Parekh, C. Zhang, X. Xie, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, A. Xu, Z. Chen, “Optical phase modulation based on directly modulated reflection-mode OIL-VCSEL,” Opt. Express 21(19), 22114–22123 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, I. Gatare, A. Valle, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Polarization-and transverse mode dynamics in optically injected and gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1473–1481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Homayounfar, M. J. Adams, “Analysis of nonlinear dynamics and spin-flip parameters on elliptically polarized injection-locked VCSELs,” Proc. SPIE 7036, 70361E (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical- cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73(2), 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

K. Iga, “Surface-emitting laser: its birth and generation of new optoelectronic field,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1201–1215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSELs due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, “Polarization behavior of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(2), 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, N. B.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18(9), 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Homayounfar, M. J. Adams, “Analysis of nonlinear dynamics and spin-flip parameters on elliptically polarized injection-locked VCSELs,” Proc. SPIE 7036, 70361E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Al-Seyab, R.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, Z.

Choquette, K. D.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

Degen, C.

Elsässer, W.

Focht, M. W.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gatare, I.

K. Panajotov, I. Gatare, A. Valle, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Polarization-and transverse mode dynamics in optically injected and gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1473–1481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Georgievski, A.

Guo, P.

Guth, G. D.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Homayounfar, A.

A. Homayounfar, M. J. Adams, “Analysis of nonlinear dynamics and spin-flip parameters on elliptically polarized injection-locked VCSELs,” Proc. SPIE 7036, 70361E (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

A. A. Qader, Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, “Role of suppressed mode in the polarization switching characteristics of optically injected VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 205–210 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hurtado, A.

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18(9), 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Wavelength polarization switching and bistability in a 1550-nm VCSEL subject to polarized optical injection,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 21(15), 1084–1086 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

K. Iga, “Surface-emitting laser: its birth and generation of new optoelectronic field,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1201–1215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, J.

Khan, N. A.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K. L.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(2), 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, T. L.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(2), 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Regalado, J.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McInerney, J. G.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(2), 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, R. A.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(2), 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nizette, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z. G.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, M. W. Focht, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(22), 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 60–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, I. Gatare, A. Valle, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Polarization-and transverse mode dynamics in optically injected and gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1473–1481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical- cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73(2), 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSELs due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parekh, D.

Peeters, M.

Pesquera, L.

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18(9), 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, “Polarization behavior of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prati, F.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Qader, A. A.

A. A. Qader, Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, “Role of suppressed mode in the polarization switching characteristics of optically injected VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 205–210 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Quirce, A.

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18(9), 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryvkin, B.

San Miguel, M.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schires, K.

R. Al-Seyab, K. Schires, N. A. Khan, A. Hurtado, I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, “Dynamics of polarized optical injection in 1550-nm VCSELs: theory and experiments,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1242–1249 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1(2), 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 60–65 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, I. Gatare, A. Valle, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Polarization-and transverse mode dynamics in optically injected and gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1473–1481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76(3), 031803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical- cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73(2), 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

A. A. Qader, Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, “Role of suppressed mode in the polarization switching characteristics of optically injected VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(2), 205–210 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, L. Pesquera, K. A. Shore, “Polarization behavior of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9(5), 557–559 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, T.

Thienpont, H.

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 60–65 (2013).
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[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSELs due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(1), 6–8 (1998).
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[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, M. J. Adams, “Polarization switching in long-wavelength VCSELs subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 92–99 (2011).
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[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSELs due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(1), 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Virte, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, M. Sciamanna, “Deterministic polarization chaos from a laser diode,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 60–65 (2013).
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J. Ohtsubo, Semiconductor Lasers: Stability, Instability, and Chaos, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2007).

K. Panajotov and F. Prati, “Polarization dynamics of VCSELs,” in Fundamentals, Technology and Applications of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers, Vol. 166 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences, R. Michalzik, ed. (Springer, 2012), Chap. 6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. (b) Optical spectrum of the free-running VCSEL biased with a current of 4 mA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization resolved powers versus (a) λinj, and (b) ∆ν. Black: parallel polarization; red: perpendicular polarization. The power of injection is Pinj = 355 μW, and the bias current is 4 mA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarization resolved optical spectra for I = 4.0 mA and Pinj = 270 μW. Upper row: the parallel polarization. Lower row: the orthogonal polarization.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

EPIL regime in the parameter plane (Pinj, Δν) for (a) I = 2.4 mA, and (b) I = 4.0 mA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Power of each polarization (black: P//; red: P). (b) Ratio of P to P//. The other parameters are I = 4.0 mA and Pinj = 1.32 mW.

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