Abstract

A fibre-coupled 1.47µm laser diode end-pumped Er:YAG laser system comprising one oscillator and two single pass amplifiers is described. 120mJ pulses at a 30Hz repetition rate and 1.64µm emission wavelength are reported.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Fan and B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper PO9.
  2. M. S. Webb, P. F. Moulton, J. J. Kasinski, R. L. Burnham, G. Loiacono, R. Stolzenberger, “High-average-power KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23(15), 1161–1163 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “150-mJ 1550-nm KTA OPO with good beam quality and high efficiency,” Proc. SPIE 5337, 71–80 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, “2.5 W eye-safe solid-state raman laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WC4.
  5. See for example www.kigre.com .
  6. A. Jaffrès, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, C. Larat, and E. Lallier, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er3+, Yb3+, Ce3+: Ca2Al2SiO7 single crystal laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” in CLEO Europe (2013), paper CE-6.2 TUE.
  7. S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).
  13. J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power in-band pumped Er:YAG laser at 1617 nm,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5807–5812 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).

2005 (1)

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “150-mJ 1550-nm KTA OPO with good beam quality and high efficiency,” Proc. SPIE 5337, 71–80 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Armstrong, D. J.

D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “150-mJ 1550-nm KTA OPO with good beam quality and high efficiency,” Proc. SPIE 5337, 71–80 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. L.

Chicklis, E. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power in-band pumped Er:YAG laser at 1617 nm,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5807–5812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubinskii, M.

I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Francis, M.

S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).

Francis, M. P.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fritsche, H.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gries, W.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Heinemann, S.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kasinski, J. J.

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power in-band pumped Er:YAG laser at 1617 nm,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5807–5812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konves, J. R.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kudryashov, I.

I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, G.

Lux, O.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

Sahu, J. K.

J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power in-band pumped Er:YAG laser at 1617 nm,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5807–5812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuett, C.

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

Setzler, S. D.

S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power in-band pumped Er:YAG laser at 1617 nm,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5807–5812 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. V.

D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “150-mJ 1550-nm KTA OPO with good beam quality and high efficiency,” Proc. SPIE 5337, 71–80 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolzenberger, R.

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M. S.

Young, Y. E.

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. W. Kim, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-energy Q-switched operation of a fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 105(2), 263–267 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Setzler, M. P. Francis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, E. P. Chicklis, “Resonantly pumped eyesafe erbium lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 645–657 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (4)

D. J. Armstrong, A. V. Smith, “150-mJ 1550-nm KTA OPO with good beam quality and high efficiency,” Proc. SPIE 5337, 71–80 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Fritsche, O. Lux, C. Schuett, S. Heinemann, W. Gries, H. J. Eichler, “Efficient Er:YAG lasers at 1645.55 nm, resonantly pumped with narrow bandwidth diode laser modules at 1532 nm, for methane detection,” Proc. SPIE 8599, 85990G (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Setzler, M. Francis, E. P. Chicklis, “A 100mJ Q-switched 1645nm Er:YAG laser,” Proc. SPIE 6552, 6552177 (2007).

I. Kudryashov, N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, “Resonantly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser: 1470-nm versus 1530-nm CW pumping case,” Proc. SPIE 7325, 732505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Fan and B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper PO9.

J. T. Murray, W. L. Austin, and R. C. Powell, “2.5 W eye-safe solid-state raman laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper WC4.

See for example www.kigre.com .

A. Jaffrès, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, C. Larat, and E. Lallier, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er3+, Yb3+, Ce3+: Ca2Al2SiO7 single crystal laser at 1.5-1.6 μm,” in CLEO Europe (2013), paper CE-6.2 TUE.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Oscillator set-up: LD: fibre coupled laser diode; DM: dichroic mirror; OC: optical coupler; QS: Q-Switch cell; DL: diverging lens. All mirrors are flats.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated output energy for different output coupler transmission (T) and different intra-cavity fluence. Experiment: see section 3.1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser system set-up. IL: imaging lenses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental absorption of the two pump diodes vs. Er:YAG crystal length.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pump pulse and Q-Switch delay.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Energy delivered at the oscillator and amplifier outputs vs. Q-Switch delay.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Single-pass gain achieved for: left, different crystal length; right, different pump pulse-width.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser and Amplifier 2 far-field.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Beam characterization after the second amplifier.

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