A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9192–9206 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 696–705 (2009).

[CrossRef]

N. Namekata, S. Adachi, and S. Inoue, “1.5 GHz single-photon detection at telecommunication wavelengths using sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6275–6282 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A. M. Wallace, S. Hernandez-Marin, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and G. S. Buller, “Subcentimeter depth resolution using a single-photon counting time-of-flight laser ranging system at 1550 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2266–2268 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller and A. Wallace, “Recent advances in ranging and three-dimensional imaging using time-correlated single-photon counting,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1006–1015 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

J. Degnan, “Photon-counting multikilohertz microlaser altimeters for airborne and spaceborne topographic measurements,” J. Geodyn. 34(3-4), 503–549 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. Brown, and M. Song, “Overview of three dimensional shape measurement using optical methods,” Opt. Eng. 39(1), 10–22 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. Degnan, “Satellite laser ranging: current status and future prospects,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-23(4), 398–413 (1985).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. Brown, and M. Song, “Overview of three dimensional shape measurement using optical methods,” Opt. Eng. 39(1), 10–22 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller and A. Wallace, “Recent advances in ranging and three-dimensional imaging using time-correlated single-photon counting,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1006–1015 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9192–9206 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. A. Hiskett, C. S. Parry, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “A photon-counting time-of-flight ranging technique developed for the avoidance of range ambiguity at gigahertz clock rates,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13685–13698 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A. M. Wallace, S. Hernandez-Marin, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and G. S. Buller, “Subcentimeter depth resolution using a single-photon counting time-of-flight laser ranging system at 1550 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2266–2268 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. Brown, and M. Song, “Overview of three dimensional shape measurement using optical methods,” Opt. Eng. 39(1), 10–22 (2000).

[CrossRef]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. Degnan, “Photon-counting multikilohertz microlaser altimeters for airborne and spaceborne topographic measurements,” J. Geodyn. 34(3-4), 503–549 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. Degnan, “Satellite laser ranging: current status and future prospects,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-23(4), 398–413 (1985).

[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 696–705 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A. M. Wallace, S. Hernandez-Marin, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and G. S. Buller, “Subcentimeter depth resolution using a single-photon counting time-of-flight laser ranging system at 1550 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2266–2268 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9192–9206 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9192–9206 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. A. Hiskett, C. S. Parry, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “A photon-counting time-of-flight ranging technique developed for the avoidance of range ambiguity at gigahertz clock rates,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13685–13698 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. E. Warburton, A. McCarthy, A. M. Wallace, S. Hernandez-Marin, R. H. Hadfield, S. W. Nam, and G. S. Buller, “Subcentimeter depth resolution using a single-photon counting time-of-flight laser ranging system at 1550 nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2266–2268 (2007).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. Brown, and M. Song, “Overview of three dimensional shape measurement using optical methods,” Opt. Eng. 39(1), 10–22 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller and A. Wallace, “Recent advances in ranging and three-dimensional imaging using time-correlated single-photon counting,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1006–1015 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Albota, R. M. Heinrichs, D. G. Kocher, D. G. Fouche, B. E. Player, M. E. O’Brien, B. F. Aull, J. J. Zayhowski, J. Mooney, B. C. Willard, and R. R. Carlson, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radar with a photon-counting avalanche photodiode array and microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 41(36), 7671–7678 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Yuan, A. Sharpe, J. Dynes, A. Dixon, and A. Shields, “Multi-gigahertz operation of photon counting InGaAs avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071101 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, R. Thew, C. Barreiro, and H. Zbinden, “Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 091103 (2009).

[CrossRef]

K. Y. Shrestha, K. C. Slatton, W. E. Carter, and T. K. Cossio, “Performance metrics for single-photon laser ranging,” IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 7(2), 338–342 (2010).

[CrossRef]

G. Buller and A. Wallace, “Recent advances in ranging and three-dimensional imaging using time-correlated single-photon counting,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1006–1015 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. Liang, E. Wu, X. Chen, M. Ren, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-timing-jitter single-photon detection using 1-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(13), 887–889 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. Degnan, “Satellite laser ranging: current status and future prospects,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. GE-23(4), 398–413 (1985).

[CrossRef]

J. Degnan, “Photon-counting multikilohertz microlaser altimeters for airborne and spaceborne topographic measurements,” J. Geodyn. 34(3-4), 503–549 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Albota, B. Aull, D. Fouche, R. Heinrichs, D. Kocher, R. Marino, J. Mooney, N. Newbury, M. O’Brien, B. Player, B. Willard, and J. Zayhowski, “Three-dimensional imaging laser radars with Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode arrays,” Lincoln Lab. J. 13, 351–370 (2002).

S. Pellegrini, G. Buller, J. Smith, A. Wallace, and S. Cova, “Laser-based distance measurement using picosecond resolution time-correlated single-photon counting,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(6), 712–716 (2000).

[CrossRef]

I. Coddington, W. Swann, L. Nenadovic, and N. Newbury, “Rapid and precise absolute distance measurements at long range,” Nat. Photonics 3(6), 351–356 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 696–705 (2009).

[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. Brown, and M. Song, “Overview of three dimensional shape measurement using optical methods,” Opt. Eng. 39(1), 10–22 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. A. Hiskett, C. S. Parry, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “A photon-counting time-of-flight ranging technique developed for the avoidance of range ambiguity at gigahertz clock rates,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13685–13698 (2008).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Namekata, S. Adachi, and S. Inoue, “1.5 GHz single-photon detection at telecommunication wavelengths using sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiode,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6275–6282 (2009).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Low-noise high-speed InGaAs/InP-based single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7010–7018 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. J. Krichel, A. McCarthy, and G. S. Buller, “Resolving range ambiguity in a photon counting depth imager operating at kilometer distances,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9192–9206 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Ren, X. Gu, Y. Liang, W. Kong, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Laser ranging at 1550 nm with 1-GHz sine-wave gated InGaAs/InP APD single-photon detector,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13497–13502 (2011).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. McCarthy, N. J. Krichel, N. R. Gemmell, X. Ren, M. G. Tanner, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, R. H. Hadfield, and G. S. Buller, “Kilometer-range, high resolution depth imaging via 1560 nm wavelength single-photon detection,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8904–8915 (2013).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Buller, R. Harkins, A. McCarthy, P. Hiskett, G. MacKinnon, G. Smith, R. Sung, A. Wallace, R. Lamb, K. Ridley, and J. Rarity, “Multiple wavelength time-of -flight sensor based on time-correlated single-photon counting,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(8), 083112 (2005).

[CrossRef]