Abstract

A conductive distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fabricated on PET substrate using the single indium tin oxide (ITO) material is proposed. The large index contrast of the DBRs was obtained by depositing alternating layers of dense and porous ITO films. The high refractive index of the dense ITO films was achieved by long-throw radio-frequency magnetron sputtering technique at room temperature. On the other hand, the porous ITO films with low refractive index were fabricated by supercritical CO2 (SCCO2) treatment at 60 °C. The index contrast of the dense and porous ITO films as larger as 0.59 at blue spectral range was obtained. For the 4.5-period ITO DBR fabricated on PET substrate, the reflectance and sheet resistance of 85.1% and 47 Ω/◻ were achieved at 475 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Ray, M. A. Alam, “Random vs regularized OPV: Limits of performance gain of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells by morphology engineering,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 204–212 (2012).
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2014 (1)

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “ITO distributed Bragg reflectors fabricated at low temperature for light-trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 120, 18–22 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (2)

F. Qiao, “Improved performance of photovoltaic devices based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanofibers and CdSe quantum dots through ligand exchange and annealing treatment,” Solid-State Electron. 82, 25–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

B. Ray, M. A. Alam, “Random vs regularized OPV: Limits of performance gain of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells by morphology engineering,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 204–212 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “Double-layer ITO antireflection electrodes fabricated at low temperature,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 100, 258–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Ray, P. R. Nair, M. A. Alam, “Annealing dependent performance of organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A theoretical perspective,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(12), 3287–3294 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

F. Ventsch, M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, “Towards organic light-emitting diode microdisplays with sub-pixel patterning,” Org. Electron. 11(1), 57–61 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alam, M. A.

B. Ray, M. A. Alam, “Random vs regularized OPV: Limits of performance gain of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells by morphology engineering,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 204–212 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Ray, P. R. Nair, M. A. Alam, “Annealing dependent performance of organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A theoretical perspective,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(12), 3287–3294 (2011).
[CrossRef]

An, Y. H.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burrows, S.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. W.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Z.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chou, Y. C.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chu, A. K.

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “ITO distributed Bragg reflectors fabricated at low temperature for light-trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 120, 18–22 (2014).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “Double-layer ITO antireflection electrodes fabricated at low temperature,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 100, 258–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chu, J. T.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, M. J.

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Drews, M. J.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gabriel, N. T.

Gather, M. C.

F. Ventsch, M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, “Towards organic light-emitting diode microdisplays with sub-pixel patterning,” Org. Electron. 11(1), 57–61 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gleason, C.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, K. C.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Horng, R. H.

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, L.

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Q.

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. F.

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. W.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. Y.

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K.

S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, S. M.

S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jou, J. H.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jou, Y. C.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Justin Thomas, K. R.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kao, C. C.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kao, T. T.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E. J.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

Kumar, D.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H. C.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laberge, M.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C. P.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. R.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L. F.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L. Y.

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T. C.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. A.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meerholz, K.

F. Ventsch, M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, “Towards organic light-emitting diode microdisplays with sub-pixel patterning,” Org. Electron. 11(1), 57–61 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mo, Y.

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nair, P. R.

B. Ray, P. R. Nair, M. A. Alam, “Annealing dependent performance of organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A theoretical perspective,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(12), 3287–3294 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oh, E. S.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Y. C.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pham, H. D.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phan, T. D. N.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, F.

F. Qiao, “Improved performance of photovoltaic devices based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanofibers and CdSe quantum dots through ligand exchange and annealing treatment,” Solid-State Electron. 82, 25–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ray, B.

B. Ray, M. A. Alam, “Random vs regularized OPV: Limits of performance gain of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells by morphology engineering,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 204–212 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Ray, P. R. Nair, M. A. Alam, “Annealing dependent performance of organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A theoretical perspective,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(12), 3287–3294 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S. M.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shin, E. W.

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takanishi, Y.

S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takezoe, H.

S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Talghader, J. J.

Tien, W. C.

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “ITO distributed Bragg reflectors fabricated at low temperature for light-trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 120, 18–22 (2014).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “Double-layer ITO antireflection electrodes fabricated at low temperature,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 100, 258–262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ventsch, F.

F. Ventsch, M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, “Towards organic light-emitting diode microdisplays with sub-pixel patterning,” Org. Electron. 11(1), 57–61 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. K.

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. S.

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wen, C. H.

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wuu, D. S.

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K. F.

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Hou, Q. Hou, Y. Mo, J. Peng, Y. Cao, “All-organic flexible polymer microcavity light-emitting diodes using 3M reflective multilayer polymer mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 243504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

T. C. Lu, T. T. Kao, C. C. Kao, J. T. Chu, K. F. Yeh, L. F. Lin, Y. C. Peng, H. W. Huang, H. C. Kuo, S. C. Wang, “GaN-Based High-Q Vertical-Cavity Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 28(10), 884–886 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. H. Horng, W. K. Wang, S. Y. Huang, D. S. Wuu, “Effect of Resonant Cavity in Wafer-Bonded Green InGaN LED With Dielectric and Silver Mirrors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(3), 457–459 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ind. Eng. Chem. (1)

T. D. N. Phan, H. D. Pham, S. Kim, E. S. Oh, E. J. Kim, E. W. Shin, “Surfactant removal from mesoporous TiO2 nanocrystals by supercritical CO2 fluid extraction,” J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 16(5), 823–828 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Microbiol. Methods (1)

J. Zhang, S. Burrows, C. Gleason, M. A. Matthews, M. J. Drews, M. Laberge, Y. H. An, “Sterilizing Bacillus pumilus spores using supercritical carbon dioxide,” J. Microbiol. Methods 66(3), 479–485 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Power Sources (1)

J. Chang, C. P. Lee, D. Kumar, P. W. Chen, L. Y. Lin, K. R. Justin Thomas, K. C. Ho, “Co-sensitization promoted light harvesting for organic dye-sensitized solar cells using unsymmetrical squaraine dye and novel pyrenoimidazole-based dye,” J. Power Sources 240, 779–785 (2013).
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S. M. Jeong, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, “Flexible Microcavity Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with Wide-Band Organic Distributed Bragg Reflector,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(28), L737–L739 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Org. Electron. (2)

J. H. Jou, S. M. Shen, C. R. Lin, Y. S. Wang, Y. C. Chou, S. Z. Chen, Y. C. Jou, “Efficient very-high color rendering index organic light-emitting diode,” Org. Electron. 12(5), 865–868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Ventsch, M. C. Gather, K. Meerholz, “Towards organic light-emitting diode microdisplays with sub-pixel patterning,” Org. Electron. 11(1), 57–61 (2010).
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Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (4)

B. Ray, M. A. Alam, “Random vs regularized OPV: Limits of performance gain of organic bulk heterojunction solar cells by morphology engineering,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 99, 204–212 (2012).
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B. Ray, P. R. Nair, M. A. Alam, “Annealing dependent performance of organic bulk-heterojunction solar cells: A theoretical perspective,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(12), 3287–3294 (2011).
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W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “Double-layer ITO antireflection electrodes fabricated at low temperature,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 100, 258–262 (2012).
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W. C. Tien, A. K. Chu, “ITO distributed Bragg reflectors fabricated at low temperature for light-trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 120, 18–22 (2014).
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Solid-State Electron. (1)

F. Qiao, “Improved performance of photovoltaic devices based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanofibers and CdSe quantum dots through ligand exchange and annealing treatment,” Solid-State Electron. 82, 25–28 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. J. Chuang, H. F. Huang, C. H. Wen, A. K. Chu, “On the structure and surface chemical composition of indium–tin oxide films prepared by long-throw magnetron sputtering,” Thin Solid Films 518(8), 2290–2294 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. A. Luurtsema, Spin Coating for Rectangular Substrates (University of Berkeley, 1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The dispersive n(λ) and κ(λ) relations of the sputtered ITO film at room temperature and the SCCO2/IPA treated film at 60 °C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The AFM photos of the ITO surfaces on PET substrates prepared by the (a) rf sputtering at 30 W and the (b) SCCO2/IPA treatments at 2000 psi.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The FIB-SEM image of the ITO DBRs with 4.5-period ITO bilayers on glass substrate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The reflectance and transmittance spectra of the DBRs comprising 1.5 to 4.5 periods ITO bilayers on (a), (b) PET substrates and on (c),(d) glass substrates at a wavelength ranging from 400 to 800 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The electrical characteristics of the ITO DBR as a function of bilayer periods.

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