Abstract

We have demonstrated the continuous wave and passively Q-switched Tm, Mg: LiTaO3 lasers for the first time. In continuous wave (CW) regime, a maximum CW output power of 1.03 W at 1952 nm was obtained, giving a slope efficiency of 9.5% and a beam quality M2 = 2.2. In passive Q-switching regime, a single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) was employed as saturable absorber (SA). The Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 laser has yielded a pulse of 560 ns under repetition rate of 34.2 kHz at 1926 nm, corresponding to a single pulse energy of 10.1 μJ. The results indicate a promising potential of nonlinear crystals in the applications for laser host materials.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, “Mg-doped congruent LiTaO3 crystal for large-aperture quasi-phase matching device,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16963–16970 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. Digonnet, R. Byer, H. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3(1), 140–148 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Myers, R. Eckardt, M. Fejer, R. Byer, W. Bosenberg, J. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(11), 2102–2116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).
  7. I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).
  12. H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Li, S. Yang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. Xie, “High efficient single-frequency output at 1991 nm from a diode-pumped Tm:YAP coupled cavity,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12161–12167 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2001 (1)

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

L. Myers, R. Eckardt, M. Fejer, R. Byer, W. Bosenberg, J. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(11), 2102–2116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1966 (1)

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Arie, A.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Askin, A.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Baba, M.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ballman, A.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Bosenberg, W.

Boyd, G.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Brinkman, R.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R.

Chen, W.

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cordova-Plaza, A.

Digonnet, M.

Dolev, I.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R.

Fan, T.

Fejer, M.

Fukuda, T.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Gadret, G.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Golab, S.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gong, J.

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, P.

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuki, H.

Ito, H.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Kretschmann, H.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, J.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Li, H.

R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, R.

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lukasiewicz, T.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, T. I.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Mangin, J.

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L.

Nassau, K.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Pan, S. D.

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J.

Podlipensky, A. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sarwar Abedin, K.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Sato, M.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Shaw, H.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimamura, K.

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

Smith, R.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Sohler, W.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sokólska, I.

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sokolskaa, I.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swirkowicz, M.

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tai, P. T.

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Tang, J.

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

Xu, J.

R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yakimovich, V. N.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, N.

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

Yin, J.

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T.

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, R.

R. Zhang, H. Li, P. Zhang, Y. Hang, J. Xu, “Efficient 1856 nm emission from Tm,Mg:LiNbO3 laser,” Opt. Express 21(18), 20990–20998 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, S. Yang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, W. Xie, “High efficient single-frequency output at 1991 nm from a diode-pumped Tm:YAP coupled cavity,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12161–12167 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ziedzic, J.

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Appl. Phys. B (3)

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, T. Lukasiewicz, “The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in LiTaO3:Nd, Yb crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 65(4-5), 495–498 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kück, “Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 72(2), 253–255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Dolev, A. Ganany-Padowicz, O. Gayer, A. Arie, J. Mangin, G. Gadret, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of MgO:LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 423–432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Askin, G. Boyd, J. Ziedzic, R. Smith, A. Ballman, J. Levinstein, K. Nassau, “Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72–74 (1966).

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Brinkman, W. Sohler, H. Suche, “Continuous-wave erbium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Electron. Lett. 27(5), 415–417 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Sarwar Abedin, M. Sato, H. Ito, T. I. Maeda, K. Shimamura, T. Fukuda, “Ordinary and extraordinary continuous wave lasing at 1.092 and 1.082 μm in bulk Nd:LiTaO3 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(2), 691–693 (1995).

I. Sokólska, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic assessment of LiTaO3:Tm3+ as a potential diode-pumped laser near 1.9 μm,” J. Appl. Phys. 84(9), 5348–5350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

I. Sokolskaa, W. Ryba-Romanowski, S. Gołab, M. Baba, M. Swirkowicz, T. Łukasiewicz, “Spectroscopy of LiTaO3:Tm3+ crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 61(10), 1573–1581 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

J. Gong, C. Zhao, J. Yin, P. Hu, X. He, Y. Hang, “Optical properties of Tm, Mg:LiTaO3 laser crystal,” Laser Phys. 22(2), 455–460 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Li, Y. Tang, R. Zhang, N. Yang, J. Xu, J. Gong, Y. Hang, “Efficient acousto-optic Q-switched Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045809 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Hu, Y. Hang, R. Li, J. Gong, J. Yin, C. Zhao, X. He, T. Yu, L. Zhang, W. Chen, Y. Zhu, “1.083 μm laser operation in Nd,Mg:LiTaO3 crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(10), 710–714 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, “Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by the vertical evaporation technique,” Opt. Commun. 284(5), 1303–1306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of diode-pumped Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 laser. Upper: transmission rate of the SWCNT saturable absorber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The CW output power with respect to the incident pump power from Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers in CW regime. Inset: the output spectra from Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The average output power with respect to the incident pump power from Q-switched Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers. Inset: the output spectra from Q-switched Tm,Mg:LiTaO3 lasers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The pulse repetition rate (upper), pulse duration (middle) and single pulse energy (below) versus the incident pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The temporal oscilloscope traces with different OCs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser beam radius as a function of distance from the waist location (z = 0) for CW and Q-switched operations at the highest laser output.

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