Abstract

A broadband green light source was demonstrated using a tandem-poled lithium niobate (TPLN) crystal. The measured wavelength and temperature bandwidth were 6.5 nm and 100°C, respectively, spectral bandwidth was 36 times broader than the periodically poled case. Although the conversion efficiency was smaller than in the periodic case, the TPLN device had a good figure of merit owing to the extremely large bandwidth for wavelength and temperature. The developed broadband green light source exhibited speckle noise approximately one-seventh of that in the conventional approach for a laser projection display.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, A. H. Kung, “Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1142–1148 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, “Theoretical analysis of waveguide second-harmonic generation phase matched with uniform and chirped gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1265–1276 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Afeyan, B.

Asobe, M.

Charbonneau-Lefort, M.

Craggs, G.

Fejer, M. M.

Furue, H.

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Gallmann, L.

Goodman, J. W.

Halldórsson, T.

Heese, C.

Hsu, C.-C.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, A. H. Kung, “Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1142–1148 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ito, R.

Itoh, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Janssens, P.

Jung, C.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, “A linearly-polarized Nd:YVO4/KTP microchip green laser,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19611–19616 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kadowaki, S.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Kasazumi, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Kashyap, R.

Kato, M.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kim, I.-S.

Kitamoto, A.

Ko, D.-K.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, “A linearly-polarized Nd:YVO4/KTP microchip green laser,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19611–19616 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, Y.

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

Kozaki, T.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, S.

Kuksenkov, D. V.

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, A. H. Kung, “Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1142–1148 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kurozuka, A.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Lapchuk, A.

Lee, J.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, “A linearly-polarized Nd:YVO4/KTP microchip green laser,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19611–19616 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lynn, C. M.

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

Magari, K.

Marukawa, S.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Masui, S.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meuret, Y.

Miyoshi, T.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizushima, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Mizuuchi, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, A.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Mukai, T.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nagahama, S.-i.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Nishihara, H.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, “Theoretical analysis of waveguide second-harmonic generation phase matched with uniform and chirped gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1265–1276 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ono, M.

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, L.-H.

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, A. H. Kung, “Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1142–1148 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pétursson, P. R.

Phillips, C. R.

Roelandt, S.

Roussev, R. V.

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sato, H.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Shirao, M.

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, I.

Song, J.

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, “Theoretical analysis of waveguide second-harmonic generation phase matched with uniform and chirped gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1265–1276 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Tadanaga, O.

Tehranchi, A.

Terashima, A.

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

Tschudi, T.

Umeki, T.

Verschaffelt, G.

Wang, L.

Wood, W. A.

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yanagawa, T.

Yanamoto, T.

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Yokoyama, T.

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Yu, B.-A.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, “A linearly-polarized Nd:YVO4/KTP microchip green laser,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19611–19616 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N. E.

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-S. Kim, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, “A linearly-polarized Nd:YVO4/KTP microchip green laser,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19611–19616 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S.

Yurlov, V.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Express (2)

T. Miyoshi, S. Masui, T. Okada, T. Yanamoto, T. Kozaki, S.-i. Nagahama, T. Mukai, “510–515 nm InGaN-based green laser diodes on c-plane GaN substrate,” Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, K. Lee, Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, “A compact diode-pumped microchip green light source with a built-in thermoelectric element,” Appl. Phys. Express 1, 062005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Suhara, H. Nishihara, “Theoretical analysis of waveguide second-harmonic generation phase matched with uniform and chirped gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(7), 1265–1276 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Kato, H. Sato, “Broadening of the phase-matching bandwidth in quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(7), 1596–1604 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L.-H. Peng, C.-C. Hsu, A. H. Kung, “Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10(5), 1142–1148 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Furue, A. Terashima, M. Shirao, Y. Koizumi, M. Ono, “Control of laser speckle noise using liquid crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(9S2), 09NE14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. V. Kuksenkov, R. V. Roussev, S. Li, W. A. Wood, C. M. Lynn, “Multiple-wavelength synthetic green laser source for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 7917, 79170B (2011).
[CrossRef]

SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. (1)

T. Mizushima, H. Furuya, K. Mizuuchi, T. Yokoyama, A. Morikawa, K. Kasazumi, T. Itoh, A. Kurozuka, K. Yamamoto, S. Kadowaki, S. Marukawa, “Late-Newspaper: Laser projection display with low electric consumption and wide color gamut by using efficient green SHG laser and new illumination optics,” SID Symp. Digest Tech. Pap. 37, 1656–1659 (2006).

Other (4)

M. Stern, D. Yavid, C. Tan, C. Wittenberg, N. Nambudiri, A. Strat, M. Slutsky, D. Gonzalez, C. DiFazio, R. Smajek, and D. Baldwin, “ Laser Projection Display (LPD): A Miniature, High Resolution Projection Engine,” in Proceedings of the Third Americas Display Engineering and Applications Conference (The Society for Information Display, 2006), pp. 186–188.

N. E. Yu, J. W. Choi, H. Kang, D.-K. Ko, C.-M. Ho, S.-H. Fu, C.-W. Hsu, C.-Y. Chu, C.-L. Chen, W.-S. Wang, L.-H. Peng, A. H. Kung, H. J. Choi, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Development of efficient broadband green light source by tandem quasi-phase-matched structure,” in CLEO:2012, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper CF3A.8.
[CrossRef]

N. E. Yu, “Tunable optical parametric generation and broad band second harmonic generation in nonlinear optical crystals,” Ph.D. thesis, Pusan National University (2002).

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics: Theory and Applications (Roberts, 2007).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the proposed TPLN structure for broadband green light generation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope image of typical TPLN sample on patterned surface of the positive Z.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature tuning property of a TPLN sample in green light generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental set-up for wavelength tuning of input light around the 1064nm region.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength tuning property of TPLN sample at fixed temperature of 39 °C.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for speckle pattern observation (HS: harmonic separator, BPF: band pass filter). The pump beam was focused in the sample with the beam diameter of 280 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The pump LD and SH spectra measured with spectral resolution of 15 pm. The beam pattern and spectrum were measured at the LD output power of 2.3W.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SH output power and conversion efficiency of the TPLN sample at a fixed pump wavelength of 1-64 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of the Speckle Patterns and Contrasts

Equations (2)

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C= 1 1+2 π 2 ( δν ν ¯ ) 2 ( σ h λ ¯ ) 2 (cosθ + 0 cosθ ) i 2 ,
S= 4 λ 2 f 2 π ,

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