Abstract

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like effects in silver, gold, and aluminum metamaterials consisting of dipole resonators and quadrupole resonators were demonstrated at visible wavelengths. Optical characteristics of the metamaterials could be controlled by the gap distance between the two resonators. EIT-like effects were observed at wavelengths between 603 and 789 nm, 654 and 834 nm, and 462 and 693 nm for the silver, gold, and aluminum EIT metamaterials, respectively. At wavelengths longer than around 650 nm, the silver metamaterials had better EIT-like features. At wavelengths shorter than around 650 nm, on the other hand, the aluminum metamaterials showed promising EIT-like results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. O’Brien, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, H. Suchowski, B. Kante, Y. Park, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Reflective interferometry for optical metamaterial phase measurements,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4089–4091 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-D. Liu, Z. Yang, R.-P. Liu, X.-Y. Li, “Plasmonic-induced optical transparency in the near-infrared and visible range with double split nanoring cavity,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15363–15370 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (9)

J. Kim, R. Soref, W. R. Buchwald, “Multi-peak electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission from bull’s-eye-shaped metamaterial,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17997–18002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gómez, K. C. Vernon, “Simple model for the hybridization of surface plasmon resonances in metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2618–2625 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17187–17192 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chen, I.-W. Un, N.-H. Tai, T.-J. Yen, “Asymmetric coupling between subradiant and superradiant plasmonic resonances and its enhanced sensing performance,” Opt. Express 17(17), 15372–15380 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Ishikawa, T. Tanaka, S. Kawata, “Negative magnetic permeability in the visible light region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(23), 237401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1986 (1)

Adato, R.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arju, N.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.-J.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bettiol, A. A.

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Buchwald, W. R.

Chan, C. T.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheah, K. W.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-Y.

Chen, S. M.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chiam, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, T. J.

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gómez, K. C. Vernon, “Simple model for the hybridization of surface plasmon resonances in metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2618–2625 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Djurišic, A. B.

Dobynde, M. I.

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dolgova, T. V.

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dolling, G.

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elazar, J. M.

Etrich, C.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedyanin, A. A.

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, L.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaylord, T. K.

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gómez, D. E.

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Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, F.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
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J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.-R.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
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P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, W. H.

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeppesen, C.

Jin, X.

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Kafesaki, M.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kante, B.

Kästel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

A. Ishikawa, T. Tanaka, S. Kawata, “Negative magnetic permeability in the visible light region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(23), 237401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khanikaev, A. B.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, Th.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

Kuhl, J.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lanzillotti-Kimura, N. D.

Lederer, F.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Lee, Y. P.

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, D.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, G. X.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. F.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.-Y.

Li, Z.-F.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Linden, S.

Liu, H.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-P.

Liu, S.-D.

Loa, I.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Luk’yanchuk, B.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Majewski, M. L.

Menzel, C.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ming, N.-B.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Moharam, M. G.

Mortensen, N. A.

Moshchalkov, V. V.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Brien, K.

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Y.

Paul, T.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, B.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, R.-W.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Pertsch, T.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qin, L.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rakic, A. D.

Rhee, J. Y.

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Y. Lu, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Active manipulation of plasmonic electromagnetically-induced transparency based on magnetic plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20912–20917 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Shcherbakov, M. R.

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, R.

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sobhani, H.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonnefraud, Y.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soref, R.

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, S. Linden, “Design-related losses of double-fishnet negative-index photonic metamaterials,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11536–11541 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suchowski, H.

Sun, C.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Sun, W.-H.

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Syassen, K.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tai, N.-H.

Tanaka, T.

A. Ishikawa, T. Tanaka, S. Kawata, “Negative magnetic permeability in the visible light region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(23), 237401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tretyakov, S.

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D.-P.

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Un, I.-W.

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Dorpe, P.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verellen, N.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vernon, K. C.

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gómez, K. C. Vernon, “Simple model for the hybridization of surface plasmon resonances in metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2618–2625 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Wang, S.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, L. M.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Xiong, Q.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, X.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

Xu, X.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Yanik, A. A.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yen, T.-J.

Yin, X.

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17187–17192 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

K. O’Brien, N. D. Lanzillotti-Kimura, H. Suchowski, B. Kante, Y. Park, X. Yin, X. Zhang, “Reflective interferometry for optical metamaterial phase measurements,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4089–4091 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, R.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. Lu, X. Jin, S. Lee, J. Y. Rhee, W. H. Jang, Y. P. Lee, “Passive and active control of a plasmonic mimic of electromagnetically induced transparency in stereometamaterials and planar metamaterials,” Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 045004 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, “Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. B 84(1–2), 219–227 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (5)

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gómez, K. C. Vernon, “Simple model for the hybridization of surface plasmon resonances in metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2618–2625 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, B. Peng, D. Li, J. Zhang, L. M. Wong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, Q. Xiong, “Flexible visible-infrared metamaterials and their applications in highly sensitive chemical and biological sensing,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3232–3238 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: Subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. Van Dorpe, P. Nordlander, S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1663–1667 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (4)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 758–762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional photonic metamaterials at optical frequencies,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 31–37 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (6)

M. R. Shcherbakov, M. I. Dobynde, T. V. Dolgova, D.-P. Tsai, A. A. Fedyanin, “Full Poincaré sphere coverage with plasmonic nanoslit metamaterials at Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. B 82(19), 193402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, G. X. Li, K. F. Li, S. M. Chen, S. N. Zhu, C. T. Chan, K. W. Cheah, “Linear and nonlinear Fano resonance on two-dimensional magnetic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 84(23), 235437 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Menzel, T. Paul, C. Rockstuhl, T. Pertsch, S. Tretyakov, F. Lederer, “Validity of effective material parameters for optical fishnet metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035320 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W.-H. Sun, Y.-J. Bao, R.-W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z.-F. Li, N.-B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80, 201105R (2009).

S.-Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, A. A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, K. Zhang, R.-W. Peng, X. Xiong, W. Zhang, X.-R. Huang, M. Wang, “Optical-magnetism-induced transparency in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 125136 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, R. Zhao, A. Jain, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption in metamaterials: The radiating two-oscillator model and its experimental confirmation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(18), 187401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, “Broadband slow light metamaterial based on a double-continuum Fano resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(10), 107403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, T. Tanaka, S. Kawata, “Negative magnetic permeability in the visible light region,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(23), 237401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, Th. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, J. B. Pendry, C. M. Soukoulis, “Saturation of the magnetic response of split-ring resonators at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(22), 223902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of (a) a planar EIT metamaterial array and (b) a unit structure of the EIT metamaterial with a thickness h of 60 nm. The geometrical dimensions are listed in Table 1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The relative permittivity ε of silver, gold, and aluminum. (b) The simulation model of the unit structure of the EIT metamaterial array. Transmittance spectra for the EIT metamaterial arrays consisting of (c) silver, (d) gold, and (e) aluminum as functions of a wavelength and SF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Process flow.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM images of the fabricated EIT metamaterials consisting of (a) silver, (b) gold, and (c) aluminum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured transmittance spectra of the fabricated EIT metamaterials consisting of (a) silver, (b) gold, and (c) aluminum. (d) Measured quadrupole resonant wavelengths, which are wavelengths of the peak transmittance in the EIT-like effect, as a function of SF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Modulation depths of the fabricated EIT metamaterials made of (a) silver, (b) gold, and (c) aluminum, as a function of wavelength. (d) Maximum modulation depths as a function of SF.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

A relationship between maximum modulation depths MDp and their wavelengths λm.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Geometrical Dimensions of Designed EIT Metamaterials

Tables Icon

Table 2 Geometrical Dimensions of Fabricated EIT Metamaterials

Tables Icon

Table 3 Optical Characteristics of the Fabricated EIT Metamaterials at the Resonant Wavelengths

Equations (1)

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Modulation depth= T g T uc T uc ,

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