Abstract

We proposed generalized large-scale two-stage-routing OXC architectures and evaluated the performance possible with the use of small-degree WSSs and simple optical devices; 1xn switches or WBSSs. Numerical evaluations verify that the new architectures reduce necessary hardware scale substantially at the cost of few additional fibers while their effectiveness increases with the traffic demand. The tradeoff between the link resource increase and the hardware scale reduction is also clarified.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Pagnan and M. Schiano, “A λ switched photonic network for the new transport backbone of Telecom Italia,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2009), paper ThII2–1.
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  8. K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, S. Kamei, H. Takahashi, and M. Okuno, “Monolithically integrated waveband selective switch using cyclic AWGs,” in Proceedings of Conference on European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Mo.4.C.5.
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  11. T. Watanabe, Y. Hashizume, and H. Takahashi, “Double-branched 1x29 silica-based PLC switch with low loss and low power consumption,” in Proceedings of Conference on Microoptics Conference (2011), paper J-2.
  12. I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Performance of colorless, non-directional ROADMs with modular client-side fiber cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NM3F.7.
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Pavon-Marino, M. V. Bueno-Delgado, “Dimensioning the add/drop contention factor of directionless ROADMs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3265–3274 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Li, L. Gao, G. Shen, L. Peng, “Impact of ROADM colorless, directionless and contentionless (CDC) features on optical network performance,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B58–B67 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Zami and D. Chiaroni, “Low contention and high resilience to partial failure for colorless and directionless OXC,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2012), paper Fr-S25–O15.
  16. T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh3D.1.
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Ban, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, T. Watanabe, H. Takahashi, “A novel large-scale OXC architecture and an experimental system that utilizes wavelength path switching and fiber selection,” Opt. Express 21(1), 469–477 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “A large capacity optical cross-connect architecture exploiting multi-granular optical path routing,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2012), paper Fr-S26–O14.
  19. H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Performance evaluation of large-scale OXCs that employ multi-stage hetero-granular optical path switching,” in Proceedings of Conference on European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper Thu.2.E.3.
  20. R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, “Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks extended final report of COST 266 action,” Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, (2003), http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/Content/Publications/Archive/Ga_COST266_ExtendedFinalReport_36355.pdf .
  21. M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

P. Pavon-Marino, M. V. Bueno-Delgado, “Dimensioning the add/drop contention factor of directionless ROADMs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3265–3274 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ban, T.

Batayneh, M.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

Blair, L.

Bueno-Delgado, M. V.

Chiu, A. L.

Choudhury, G.

Clapp, G.

Desurvire, E. B.

Doverspike, R.

Feuer, M.

Gannett, J. W.

Gao, L.

Hasegawa, H.

T. Ban, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, T. Watanabe, H. Takahashi, “A novel large-scale OXC architecture and an experimental system that utilizes wavelength path switching and fiber selection,” Opt. Express 21(1), 469–477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth-abundant networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Hirako, R.

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Hoffmann, M.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, K.

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Kaneda, S.

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.

Kirstaedter, A.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klincewicz, J.

Kwon, T.

Lehmen, A.

Li, G.

Li, Y.

Magill, P.

Mukherjee, B.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsu, N.

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, M.

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Pavon-Marino, P.

Peng, L.

Saleh, A.

Sato, K.

T. Ban, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, T. Watanabe, H. Takahashi, “A novel large-scale OXC architecture and an experimental system that utilizes wavelength path switching and fiber selection,” Opt. Express 21(1), 469–477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sato, H. Hasegawa, “Optical networking technologies that will create future bandwidth-abundant networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A81–A93 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Schupke, D. A.

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, G.

Simmons, J.

Simmons, J. M.

Skoog, R. A.

Strand, J.

Takahashi, H.

T. Ban, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, T. Watanabe, H. Takahashi, “A novel large-scale OXC architecture and an experimental system that utilizes wavelength path switching and fiber selection,” Opt. Express 21(1), 469–477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

Uyematsu, T.

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

Wilson, B. J.

Woodward, S.

Xu, D.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

S. Kaneda, T. Uyematsu, N. Nagatsu, K. Sato, “Network design and cost optimization for label switched multilayer photonic IP networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 23(8), 1612–1619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

M. Batayneh, D. A. Schupke, M. Hoffmann, A. Kirstaedter, B. Mukherjee, “On routing and transmission-range determination of multi-bit-rate signals over mixed-line-rate WDM optical networks for carrier Ethernet,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 19(5), 1304–1316 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (13)

T. Zami and D. Chiaroni, “Low contention and high resilience to partial failure for colorless and directionless OXC,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2012), paper Fr-S25–O15.

T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTh3D.1.
[CrossRef]

P. Pagnan and M. Schiano, “A λ switched photonic network for the new transport backbone of Telecom Italia,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2009), paper ThII2–1.

S. Woodward, “What is the value of the flexible grid network?” Workshop in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012).

K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, S. Kamei, H. Takahashi, and M. Okuno, “Monolithically integrated waveband selective switch using cyclic AWGs,” in Proceedings of Conference on European Conference on Optical Communication (2008), paper Mo.4.C.5.

R. Hirako, K. Ishii, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, H. Takahashi, M. Okuno, “Development of single PLC-chip waveband selective switch that has extra ports for grooming and termination,” in Proceedings of the 16th Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2011), pp. 492–493.

T. Watanabe, T. Goh, M. Okuno, S. Sohma, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, M. Kobayashi, M. Ishii, A. Sugita, and Y. Hibino, “Silica-based PLC 1x128 thermo-optic switch,” in Proceedings of Conference on European Conference on Optical Communication (2001), paper Tu.L.1.2.

T. Watanabe, Y. Hashizume, and H. Takahashi, “Double-branched 1x29 silica-based PLC switch with low loss and low power consumption,” in Proceedings of Conference on Microoptics Conference (2011), paper J-2.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Performance of colorless, non-directional ROADMs with modular client-side fiber cross-connects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper NM3F.7.
[CrossRef]

K. Kubota, “Beyond HDTV-ultra high-definition television system,” presented at the 2nd Multimedia Conference (2006).

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “A large capacity optical cross-connect architecture exploiting multi-granular optical path routing,” in Proceedings of Photonics in Switching (2012), paper Fr-S26–O14.

H. C. Le, H. Hasegawa, and K. Sato, “Performance evaluation of large-scale OXCs that employ multi-stage hetero-granular optical path switching,” in Proceedings of Conference on European Conference on Optical Communication (2013), paper Thu.2.E.3.

R. Inkret, A. Kuchar, and B. Mikac, “Advanced infrastructure for photonic networks extended final report of COST 266 action,” Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb, (2003), http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/Content/Publications/Archive/Ga_COST266_ExtendedFinalReport_36355.pdf .

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conventional WSS-based and generalized two-stage routing OXC architectures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Node scale comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental physical network topologies.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Link resource requirement of COST266 network.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

WSS number reduction obtained for COST266 network.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Number of necessary fibers in USNET network.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Number of necessary WSSs in USNET network.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relative fiber number (k = 1).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Relative number of WSSs (k = 1).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Number of necessary fibers.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Relative number of switching components.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Impact of WSS degree on the hardware scale reduction.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Feature Comparison

Tables Icon

Table 2 Switching Component Requirement

Tables Icon

Table 3 Major Parameters of COST266 and USNET Networks

Metrics