Abstract

Scattering near-field scanning optical microscopy (s-NSOM) has been developed to characterize optical near field with spatial resolution on the order of 10 nm. In this work we report investigation of the interferometric patterns commonly occurred in s-NSOM measurements. To reveal the origin of such interference patterns, a simple nanoslit is used. Comparing the measured result with a simplified analytical model as well as full-field numerical simulations, it is shown that the interference pattern is predominantly formed by the in-plane component of incidence light and surface plasmon polariton (SPP) launched by the nanoslit. This result helps to understand the responses of plasmonic nanostructures during s-NSOM measurements.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2013 (1)

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

2011 (1)

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Optical Microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, “SNIM: Scanning near-Field Infrared Microscopy,” Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C 104, 235–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (5)

A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, “Approximate model for surface-plasmon generation at slit apertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(7), 1608–1615 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Keilmann, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, A. C. Boccara, “Near field optical microscopy by local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 5(4-6), 389–397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. S.

Ahn, K. J.

Aigouy, L.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Fragola, L. Aigouy, C. Boccara, “Interference Effect in Apertureless Near-Field Fluorescence Imaging,” Appl. Opt. 42(34), 6880–6888 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreev, G. O.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Aubert, S.

Bachelot, R.

Bao, W.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Basov, D. N.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Behr, N.

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bek, A.

A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blaize, S.

Boccara, A. C.

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, A. C. Boccara, “Near field optical microscopy by local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 5(4-6), 389–397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boccara, C.

Bourhis, E.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bründermann, E.

E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, “SNIM: Scanning near-Field Infrared Microscopy,” Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C 104, 235–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bruyant, A.

Castro Neto, A. H.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Chang, S. H.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. Y.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, J. Y.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dominguez, G.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Dreyer, J.

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fei, Z.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Fogler, M. M.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Fragola, A.

Gierak, J.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gleyzes, P.

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, A. C. Boccara, “Near field optical microscopy by local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 5(4-6), 389–397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hartschuh, A.

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Optical Microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Havenith, M.

E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, “SNIM: Scanning near-Field Infrared Microscopy,” Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C 104, 235–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huber, A.

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hudlet, S.

Hugonin, J. P.

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, “Approximate model for surface-plasmon generation at slit apertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(7), 1608–1615 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J.-P.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, A. C.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazantsev, D.

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keilmann, F.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

F. Keilmann, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kern, K.

A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kihm, H. W.

Kim, D. S.

Kimel, A.

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kirilyuk, A.

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Krug, J. T.

J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, A.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, J. C. Rodier, “Approximate model for surface-plasmon generation at slit apertures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(7), 1608–1615 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lau, C. N.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. G.

Lerondel, G.

Li, Z. Y.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lienau, C.

McLeod, A. S.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Neacsu, C.

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ocelic, N.

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petek, H.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rang, M.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raschke, M. B.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rasing, T.

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodier, J. C.

Rodin, A. S.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Royer, P.

Sánchez, E. J.

J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seideman, T.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suh, Y. D.

Thiemens, M.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, M.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Wang, B.

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. H.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. K.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. L.

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiley, B. J.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X. S.

J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. M.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Zhou, F.

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

A. Hartschuh, “Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Optical Microscopy,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47(43), 8178–8191 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C (1)

E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, “SNIM: Scanning near-Field Infrared Microscopy,” Annu. Rep. Prog. Chem. Sect. C 104, 235–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Huber, N. Ocelic, D. Kazantsev, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-Field Imaging of Mid-Infrared Surface Phonon Polariton Propagation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(8), 081103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Ocelic, A. Huber, R. Hillenbrand, “Pseudoheterodyne detection for background-free near-field spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(10), 101124 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Aigouy, E. Bourhis, J. Gierak, J.-P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, “Efficient generation of surface plasmon by single-nanoslit illumination under highly oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(1), 011114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, A. Kirilyuk, A. Kimel, T. Rasing, “Direct mapping of plasmonic coupling between a triangular gold island pair,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 163111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. T. Krug, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, “Design of near-field optical probes with optimal field enhancement by finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(24), 10895 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. (1)

R. Bachelot, P. Gleyzes, A. C. Boccara, “Near field optical microscopy by local perturbation of a diffraction spot,” Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 5(4-6), 389–397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

M. Rang, A. C. Jones, F. Zhou, Z. Y. Li, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, M. B. Raschke, “Optical near-field mapping of plasmonic nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3357–3363 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, “Interaction between optical nano-objects at metallo-dielectric interfaces,” Nat. Phys. 2(8), 551–556 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Z. Fei, A. S. Rodin, G. O. Andreev, W. Bao, A. S. McLeod, M. Wagner, L. M. Zhang, Z. Zhao, M. Thiemens, G. Dominguez, M. M. Fogler, A. H. Castro Neto, C. N. Lau, F. Keilmann, D. N. Basov, “Gate-tuning of graphene plasmons revealed by infrared nano-imaging,” Nature 487(7405), 82–85 (2012).
[PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci (1)

F. Keilmann, R. Hillenbrand, “Near-field microscopy by elastic light scattering from a tip,” Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 362(1817), 787–805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Y. Cheng, H. H. Wang, S. H. Chang, J. Y. Chu, J. H. Lee, Y. L. Wang, J. K. Wang, “Revealing local, enhanced optical field characteristics of Au nanoparticle arrays with 10 nm gap using scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(12), 4275–4282 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

C. Neacsu, G. A. Reider, M. B. Raschke, “Second-harmonic generation from nanoscopic metal tips: Symmetry selection rules for single asymmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 71(20), 201402 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Neacsu, J. Dreyer, N. Behr, M. B. Raschke, “Scanning-probe Raman spectroscopy with single-molecule sensitivity,” Phys. Rev. B 73(19), 193406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, A. Kubo, L. Wang, H. Petek, T. Seideman, “Imaging of surface plasmon polariton fields excited at a nanometer-scale slit,” Phys. Rev. B 84(24), 245442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Bek, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, “Apertureless scanning near field optical microscope with sub-10 nm resolution,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(4), 043703 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of s-NSOM setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Topography (a), s-NSOM amplitude (b), and phase (c) of nanoslit at orientations of 0° ; s-NSOM amplitude with nanoslit orientation at 26° (d)and 45° (e). Scan size is 1μm by 5 μm. k in (a) is the in-plane component of incident light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulations of a Gaussian beam radiating on the nanoslit with orientation of (a) 0°, (b) 26°, (c) 45°. Image size is 5 μm by 10 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Line profiles of experiment amplitude and phase. (b) Amplitude and phase of Ez calculated from Eq. (4). (c) Amplitude and phase of Ez from numerical simulation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Illustration of the tip-sample interaction region with focused laser (separation between 1, 2, 3 is about 500 nm); (b) Image of focused laser spot by tip scattering; (c) s-NSOM image when laser focused at point 1; (d) s-NSOM image when laser focused at point 2; (d) s-NSOM image when laser focused at point 3. Image size of (c) (d) (e) is 1 μm by 3.5 μm.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Λ = λ o λ S P / ( λ o + λ S P sin ( θ ) cos ( φ ) )
Λ + = λ o λ S P / ( λ o λ S P sin ( θ ) cos ( φ ) )
E = E o exp [ j ( ω t k o r ) ] ,
E z ( x , z ) = E o sin ( θ ) exp ( j k x ) [ exp ( j k z ) + r exp ( j k z ) ] + A exp ( j k S P x ) exp ( γ z ) , f o r x < 0.

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