Abstract

We demonstrate the phase sensitive amplification of a high-order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signal using non-degenerate parametric amplification in a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide. The interaction between the pump, signal, and phase-conjugated idler enables us to amplify arbitrary phase components of the signal. The 16QAM signals are amplified without distortion because of the high gain linearity of the PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier (PSA). Both the phase and amplitude noise reduction capabilities of the PSA are ensured. Phase noise cancellation is achieved by using the interaction with the phase-conjugated idler. A degraded signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is restored by using the gain difference between a phase-correlated signal-idler pair and uncorrelated excess noise. The applicability of the simultaneous amplification of multi-carrier signals and the amplification of two independent polarization signals are also confirmed with a view to realizing ultra-high spectrally efficient signal amplification.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Umeki, O. Tadanagai, M. Asobe, “QPM wavelength converter using direct-bonded ridge waveguide with integrated MMI multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 33–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1206–1213 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. Croussore, G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 35(22), 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1949 (1)

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. 37(1), 10–21 (1949).

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arbore, M. A.

Asobe, M.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chou, M. H.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore, G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Devgan, P.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Grigoryan, V. S.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hauden, J.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-K.

Imajuku, W.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 35(22), 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

K. Croussore, G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mazroa, D.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, Y.

O'Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

Puttnam, B. J.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(26), B131–B139 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. 37(1), 10–21 (1949).

Shinada, S.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, “Phase sensitive amplification with noise figure below the 3 dB quantum limit using CW pumped PPLN waveguide,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13164–13172 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1206–1213 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tadanagai, O.

T. Umeki, O. Tadanagai, M. Asobe, “QPM wavelength converter using direct-bonded ridge waveguide with integrated MMI multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 33–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 35(22), 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

Takenouchi, H.

Tang, R.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umeki, T.

Wada, N.

Wang, T.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yamabayashi, Y.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 35(22), 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Electron. Lett. (3)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3-dB noise figure in a high-gain phase-sensitive fiber amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 35(22), 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fiber parametric amplifier for fiber-optic communication,” Electron. Lett. 41(19), 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1206–1213 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Umeki, O. Tadanagai, M. Asobe, “QPM wavelength converter using direct-bonded ridge waveguide with integrated MMI multiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(1), 33–35 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Croussore, G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (3)

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications system,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phasesensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, “Phase-conjugated twin waves for communication beyond the Kerr nonlinearity limit,” Nat. Photonics 7(7), 560–568 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. (1)

C. E. Shannon, “Communication in the presence of noise,” Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. 37(1), 10–21 (1949).

Other (3)

R. Slavík, J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase-regenerative multicasting of 40 Gbit/s DPSK signal in a degenerate phase sensitive amplifier,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, Torino, Italy, 2010), MO.1.A.2.
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in Proceedings of the European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2010, Torino, Italy, 2010), PDP paper PDP3.3.
[CrossRef]

M. Asobe, T. Umeki, H. Takenouchi, and Y. Miyamoto, “In-line phase-sensitive amplifier for QPSK signal using multiple QPM LiNbO3 waveguide,” in Proceedings of the OptoElectronics Communications Conference (OECC, Kyoto, Japan, 2013), PDP paper PD2-3.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of PPLN-based PSA for 16QAM signal amplification.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra for 16QAM input and DFG output at idler generation section in transmitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectra and (b) constellation diagrams for 16QAM input and PSA outputs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Constellation diagrams of input and PSA output with phase noise. The corresponding phase perturbations of the input signals were ± 16°, ± 22.5°, and ± 32°, for the different noise levels.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) OSNR of the PSA input and output as a function of the level of the intentionally added ASE. (b) Constellation diagrams of input and PSA output with ASE noise.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra for multi-carrier 16QAM input and PSA outputs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Configuration of dual PSA. (b) Optical spectra of input and PSA outputs for each polarization.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Constellations for polarization multiplexed signal.

Equations (1)

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ϕ idler = ϕ pump ϕ signal

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