Abstract

We propose a novel superstructured fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG) based single-input multiple-output (SIMO) en/decoder, which can simultaneously process a group of independent optical codes with a specific permutation and combination of code patterns and spatially separate encoded and decoded signals into different optical paths. The number of optical codes processed by the SIMO en/decoder can be flexibly changed. We theoretically and experimentally investigate the coding performance of the SIMO en/decoder and discuss the unique features of the proposed device. In the experiment, we employ the SIMO en/decoder for optical label processing in an optical-code based optical packet switching system with the data rate of 10 Gbit/s and the packet rate of 312.5 MHz. The four-SSFBG based SIMO en/decoder are capable of simultaneously generating/recognizing four 31-chip 640 Gchip/s optical code based labels and distribute the labels into four designated destinations.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).
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  7. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1352–1365 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. B. Dai, Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, “Performance comparison of 0/π- and ± π/2-phase-shifted superstructured Fiber Bragg grating en/decoder,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12248–12260 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]

2011

2008

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

J. A. Salehi, “Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks,” J. Opt. Networking 6(9), 1138–1178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

2003

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

2002

K. Takiguchi, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, “Encoder/decoder on planar lightwave circuit for time-spreading/wavelength-hopping optical CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 38(10), 469–470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Aihara, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Anh-Vu Pham, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Baek, J.-H.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Broeke, R. G.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Cao, J.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Chu, S. N.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Cincotti, G.

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cong, W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Dai, B.

Ding, Z.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Du, Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Fontaine, N. K.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Gao, Z.

Gruezke, L. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Hamm, R. A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Heritage, J. P.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Hernandez, V. J.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Hobson, W. S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Ibsen, M.

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1352–1365 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

K. Takiguchi, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, “Encoder/decoder on planar lightwave circuit for time-spreading/wavelength-hopping optical CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 38(10), 469–470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Kataoka, N.

Kitayama, K.

Kolner, B. H.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Lin, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Liou, K. Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Lothian, J. R.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Lourdudoss, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Manzacca, G.

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, K.

Miyazaki, T.

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishiki, A.

Olsson, F.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Patel, B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Petropoulos, P.

Richardson, D. J.

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1352–1365 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salehi, J. A.

J. A. Salehi, “Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks,” J. Opt. Networking 6(9), 1138–1178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Scott, R. P.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Seo, S.-W.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Shearn, M.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Shibata, T.

K. Takiguchi, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, “Encoder/decoder on planar lightwave circuit for time-spreading/wavelength-hopping optical CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 38(10), 469–470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soares, F. M.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Takiguchi, K.

K. Takiguchi, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, “Encoder/decoder on planar lightwave circuit for time-spreading/wavelength-hopping optical CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 38(10), 469–470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Teh, P. C.

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of seven-and 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1352–1365 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

Tsang, W. T.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Vatanapradit, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Wada, N.

Wang, X.

Yang, C.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

Electron. Lett.

K. Takiguchi, T. Shibata, M. Itoh, “Encoder/decoder on planar lightwave circuit for time-spreading/wavelength-hopping optical CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 38(10), 469–470 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett

X. Wang, Z. Gao, “Novel reconfigurable 2-dimensional coherent optical en/decoder based on coupled micro-ring reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 23(9), 591–593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

G. Cincotti, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, “Reconfigurable multi-port optical encoder/decoder with enhanced auto-correlation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(2), 168–170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Commun. Networking

S. J. B. Yoo, J. P. Heritage, V. J. Hernandez, R. P. Scott, W. Cong, N. K. Fontaine, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, S.-W. Seo, J.-H. Baek, F. M. Soares, Y. Du, C. Yang, W. Jiang, K. Aihara, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, S. Anh-Vu Pham, S. Lin, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, K. Y. Liou, S. N. Chu, R. A. Hamm, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, L. A. Gruezke, W. T. Tsang, M. Shearn, A. Scherer, “Spectral phase encoded time spread optical code division multiple access technology for next generation communication networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Networking 6, 1210–1227 (2007).

J. Opt. Networking

J. A. Salehi, “Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks,” J. Opt. Networking 6(9), 1138–1178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Trans. Comm. E

P. C. Teh, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, “Multi-wavelength (40 WDMx10 Gbit/s) optical packet router based on superstructure fibre Bragg gratings,” Trans. Comm. E 86B, 1487–1492 (2003).

Other

N. Wada, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.28 Tbit/s (160 Gbit/s x 8 wavelengths) throughput variable length packet switching using optical code based label switch,” in Proc. 27th European Conf. on Opt. Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, PD-A-1–9 (2001).

Y. Dai, X. Chen, Y. Zhang, J. Sun, and S. Xie, “Phase-error-free, 1023-chip OCDMA En/de-coders Based on Reconstruction equivalent chirp Technology and Error-correction Method,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC’ 06), Anaheim, USA (2006), paper JWA28.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Block diagrams of the SIMO en/decoder. (b) Schematic diagrams of the SIMO en/decoder. E and D stands for encoder and decoder. The first inferior, 1, 2 … M, is marshalling sequence. The second inferior, C1, C2 … CN, is code number.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the input optical pulse and the transmitted pulse after 8 SSFBGs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized power of the decoded signals and the ratio of the autocorrelation and cross-correlation functions with the change of the positions of the SSFBG in the SIMO decoder. SSFBGs with (a) 31-chip Gold codes and (b) 63-chip Gold codes

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Waveforms of the decoded signals when the SSFBG are placed in the different stages of the SIMO decoder. (a) Autocorrelation signals when the decoders match the encoders. (b) Cross-correlation signals when the decoders do not match the encoders.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) and (b) Transmission and reflection spectra of two SSFBGs. Green solid line: measured transmission spectrum. Blue solid line: measured reflection spectrum. Red dashed line: calculated spectra.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Encoded and (b) decoded waveforms. Blue lines: Calculated results.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Architecture of optical-code based OPS network and the functions of different routers.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup of the OPS system.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Waveforms of (a) the payloads, (b) insertion of the optical labels into the payloads, (c) the separated optical labels, (d) the generated electrical time gate and the separated payloads, (e) the recognized optical labels, and (f) the selected payload.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) The spectrum of the optical packet and (b) the spectra of the separated payloads and labels after the notch filter.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

The BER performance of the OPS system.

Metrics