Abstract

We demonstrated temperature sensing of a fiber with nanostructured cladding, which was constructed by titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles self-assembled onto a side polished optical fiber (SPF). Significantly enhanced interaction between the propagating light and the TiO2 nanoparticles (TN) can be obtained via strong evanescent field of the SPF. The strong light–TN interaction results in temperature sensing with a maximum optical power variation of ~4dB in SPF experimentally for an external environment temperature varying from −7.8°C to 77.6°C. The novel temperature sensing device shows a linear correlation coefficient of better than 99.4%, and a sensitivity of ~0.044 dB/°C. The TN-based all-fiber-optic temperature sensing characteristics was successfully demonstrated, and it is compatible with fiber-optic interconnections and high potential in photonics applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  4. P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. Konstantaki, A. Klini, D. Anglos, and S. Pissadakis, “An ethanol vapor detection probe based on a ZnO nanorod coated optical fiber long period grating,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8472–8484 (2012).
    [PubMed]
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  10. M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  12. X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. T. Choy, J. D. B. Bradley, P. B. Deotare, I. B. Burgess, C. C. Evans, E. Mazur, and M. Lončar, “Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 539–541 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  17. Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  21. W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).
  22. Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. L. Kou, S. J. Qiu, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Demonstration of a compact temperature sensor based on first-order Bragg grating in a tapered fiber probe,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18452–18457 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).
  26. Y. Liu, B. Liu, X. Feng, W. Zhang, G. Zhou, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “High-birefringence fiber loop mirrors and their applications as sensors,” Appl. Opt. 44(12), 2382–2390 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. W. Qian, C.-L. Zhao, S. He, X. Dong, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Jin, J. Guo, and H. Wei, “High-sensitivity temperature sensor based on an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1548–1550 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).
  29. B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
    [PubMed]
  30. J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

S. S. Djordjevic, K. Shang, B. Guan, S. T. S. Cheung, L. Liao, J. Basak, H. F. Liu, and S. J. B. Yoo, “CMOS-compatible, athermal silicon ring modulators clad with titanium dioxide,” Opt. Express 21(12), 13958–13968 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

2012 (8)

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. T. Choy, J. D. B. Bradley, P. B. Deotare, I. B. Burgess, C. C. Evans, E. Mazur, and M. Lončar, “Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 539–541 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Konstantaki, A. Klini, D. Anglos, and S. Pissadakis, “An ethanol vapor detection probe based on a ZnO nanorod coated optical fiber long period grating,” Opt. Express 20(8), 8472–8484 (2012).
[PubMed]

Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Lei, J. Song, H. Chen, and B. Li, “Growth of well-arrayed ZnO nanorods on thinned silica fiber and application for humidity sensing,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19404–19411 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, and R. G. Lindquist, “A reflection-based localized surface plasmon resonance fiber-optic probe for biochemical sensing,” Biomed. Opt. Express 2(3), 478–484 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Qian, C.-L. Zhao, S. He, X. Dong, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Jin, J. Guo, and H. Wei, “High-sensitivity temperature sensor based on an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1548–1550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Kou, S. J. Qiu, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, “Demonstration of a compact temperature sensor based on first-order Bragg grating in a tapered fiber probe,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18452–18457 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, S. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Recent applications of TiO2 nanomaterials in chemical sensing in aqueous media,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 160, 875–890 (2011).

2010 (4)

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

2009 (1)

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

2007 (1)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Aizenberg, J.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreevc, A. T.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Anglos, D.

Arregui, F. J.

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atanasova, P. A.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Atanasovab, G. B.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Bai, C.

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Basak, J.

Berkova, D.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Bharadvaja, A.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Bittner, P.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Bradley, J. D. B.

Burgess, I. B.

Buso, D.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Cai, X.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cao, D.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Chen, Z.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cheung, S. T. S.

Cho, K.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chomat, M.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Choy, J. T.

Ctyroky, J.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

de Juli’an Fern’andez, C.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Del Villar, I.

Deotare, P. B.

Dikovskaa, A. O.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Djordjevic, S. S.

Dong, X.

Du, Y.

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dubey, G. C.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Evans, C. C.

Fan, R.

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

Farrell, G.

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

Feng, X.

Fu, W.

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

Gan, J.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goicoechea, J.

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

Guan, B.

Guo, J.

He, S.

He, X.

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

Hernáez, M.

Hsiao, V.

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

Hsiao, V. K.

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jancarek, A.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Jiang, P.

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Jin, S.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Qian, C.-L. Zhao, S. He, X. Dong, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Jin, J. Guo, and H. Wei, “High-sensitivity temperature sensor based on an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1548–1550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, W.

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kai, G.

Kang, S.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. H.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanka, J.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Karakolevac, E. I.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Kats, M. A.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, E.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, P.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Klini, A.

Konstantaki, M.

Kou, J. L.

Lei, H.

Li, B.

Li, H.

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, G.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liao, L.

Liao, Y.

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.

Lindquist, R. G.

Lipomi, D. J.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

Liu, B. S.

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

Liu, H. F.

Liu, L.

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Liu, Y.

Loncar, M.

Lu, H.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y. Q.

Luo, Y.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manera, M. G.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Martinez, R. V.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martucci, A.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Matejec, V.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Mathew, J.

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

Matias, I. R.

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

M. Hernáez, I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreño, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, “Optical fiber refractometers based on lossy mode resonances supported by TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Opt. 49(20), 3980–3985 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mattei, G.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Mazur, E.

Mazzoldi, P.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Meng, Z.

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mishra, A. P.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Mulvaney, P.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Nedyalkova, N. N.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

P’erez-Juste, J.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Pan, H.

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Parashar, G. K.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Pissadakis, S.

Qian, W.

Qin, J.

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, S. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Recent applications of TiO2 nanomaterials in chemical sensing in aqueous media,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 160, 875–890 (2011).

Qiu, S. J.

Rajan, G.

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

Rella, R.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Rivero, P. J.

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

Semenova, Y.

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

Seo, G.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shang, K.

Shukla, S. K.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Skokankova, J.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Song, J.

Spadavecchia, J.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Stefanovb, P. K.

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

Tan, S.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

Tiwari, A.

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Todorov, F.

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

Tong, L.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tong, Y.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urrutia, A.

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

Vasanelli, L.

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

Wang, G.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, H.

Wei, Q.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Whitesides, G. M.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

Xia, Y.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiong, S.

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

Xu, X.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ying, Y.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yoon, J.

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, M.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, S.

Zamarreño, C. R.

Zeng, Y.

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Zhai, T.

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, Y.

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

J. Qiu, S. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Recent applications of TiO2 nanomaterials in chemical sensing in aqueous media,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 160, 875–890 (2011).

W. Qian, C.-L. Zhao, S. He, X. Dong, S. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Jin, J. Guo, and H. Wei, “High-sensitivity temperature sensor based on an alcohol-filled photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1548–1550 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Lei, J. Song, H. Chen, and B. Li, “Growth of well-arrayed ZnO nanorods on thinned silica fiber and application for humidity sensing,” Opt. Express 20(17), 19404–19411 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, C.-L.

Zhao, H.

J. Qiu, S. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Recent applications of TiO2 nanomaterials in chemical sensing in aqueous media,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 160, 875–890 (2011).

Zhao, Q. N.

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

Zhao, X. J.

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

Zhou, G.

Zou, Y.

Adv. Mat. Lett. (1)

S. K. Shukla, A. Bharadvaja, G. K. Parashar, A. P. Mishra, G. C. Dubey, and A. Tiwari, “Fabrication of ultra-sensitive optical fiber based humidity sensor using TiO2 thin film,” Adv. Mat. Lett. 3(5), 365–370 (2012).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chin. J. Lasers (3)

Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, P. Jiang, L. Liu, Y. Zeng, and C. Bai, “All-fiber thermo-optical variable optical attenuator,” Chin. J. Lasers 34, 1110 (2007).

R. Fan, Z. Chen, L. Liu, and Y. Xiao, “Optical fiber refractive sensor with double reflective wavelengths based on side polished fiber Bragg grating,” Chin. J. Lasers 36(5), 1134–1139 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Chen, J. Qin, H. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and J. Yu, “All-fiber integrated optical power monitor-controller,” Chin. J. Lasers 37(4), 1047–1052 (2010).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Z. Chen, Y. Liao, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Z. Meng, and W. Jin, “Thermally poled panda fibre device with microstrip electrode,” Electron. Lett. 36(22), 1839 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Yoon, G. Seo, K. Cho, E. Kim, S. Kim, and S. Kang, “Controllable in-line UV sensor using a side-polished fiber coupler with photofunctional polymer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(6), 837–839 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. of Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Tang, Z. Chen, R. Fan, J. Yu, and J. Zhang, “Optical fiber sensor for the concentration of acetic acid based on fiber side polishing technique,” J. of Appl. Opt. 32, 115 (2011).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Zhang, G. Liao, S. Jin, D. Cao, Q. Wei, H. Lu, J. Yu, X. Cai, S. Tan, Y. Xiao, J. Tang, Y. Luo, and Z. Chen, “All-fiber-optic temperature sensor based on reduced graphene oxide,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

P. Wang, L. Zhang, Y. Xia, L. Tong, X. Xu, and Y. Ying, “Polymer nanofibers embedded with aligned gold nanorods: A new platform for plasmonic studies and optical sensing,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 3145–3150 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 632–636 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Lu, G. Wang, T. Zhai, M. Yu, J. Gan, Y. Tong, and Y. Li, “Hydrogenated TiO2 nanotube arrays for supercapacitors,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1690–1696 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. Hsiao, W. Fu, C. Huang, Z. Chen, S. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, and J. Tang, “Optically switchable all-fiber optic polarization rotator,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1155–1158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Yu, H. Li, V. K. Hsiao, J. Tang, Y. Zhai, Y. Du, J. Zhang, Y. Xiao, and Z. Chen, “Light power sensor by using a photosensitive liquid crystal hybrid film on side polished fiber,” Proc. SPIE 8421, 842196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. (1)

G. Rajan, Y. Semenova, J. Mathew, and G. Farrell, “Experimental analysis and demonstration of a low cost fibre optic temperaturesensor system for engineering applications,” Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 163, 88–95 (2010).

Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. (6)

W. Fu, V. Hsiao, J. Tang, M. Wu, and Z. Chen, “All fiber-optic sensing of light using side-polished fiber overlaid with photoresponsive liquid crystals,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 156, 423 (2011).

M. G. Manera, J. Spadavecchia, D. Buso, C. de Juli’an Fern’andez, G. Mattei, A. Martucci, P. Mulvaney, J. P’erez-Juste, R. Rella, L. Vasanelli, and P. Mazzoldi, “Optical gas sensing of TiO2 and TiO2/Au nanocomposite thin films,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 132, 107–115 (2008).

M. Chomat, J. Ctyroky, D. Berkova, V. Matejec, J. Kanka, J. Skokankova, F. Todorov, A. Jancarek, and P. Bittner, “Temperature sensisivity of long-period gratings inscribed with a CO2 laser in optical fiber with graded-index cladding,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 119, 642–650 (2006).

J. Qiu, S. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Recent applications of TiO2 nanomaterials in chemical sensing in aqueous media,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 160, 875–890 (2011).

A. O. Dikovskaa, G. B. Atanasovab, N. N. Nedyalkova, P. K. Stefanovb, P. A. Atanasova, E. I. Karakolevac, and A. T. Andreevc, “Optical sensing of ammonia using ZnO nanostructure grown on a side-polished optical-fiber,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 146, 331–336 (2010).

P. J. Rivero, A. Urrutia, J. Goicoechea, I. R. Matias, and F. J. Arregui, “A Lossy mode resonance optical sensor using silver nanoparticles-loaded films for monitoring human breathing,” Sensor. Actuat. Biol. Chem. 187, 40–44 (2013).

Spectrosc. Spect. Anal (1)

B. S. Liu, X. He, X. J. Zhao, and Q. N. Zhao, “The surface states and the electron-hole pair recombination of TiO2 nanopowders,” Spectrosc. Spect. Anal 26(2), 208–212 (2006).
[PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Morphological charateristic of SPF. (a) Transverse profile of the SPF; (b) SEM image of top polished plane of the SPF.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Three dimensional schematic of basin used for self-assembled TN and configuration of a fixed side polished fiber on a glass slide.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) SEM image of polished surface of SPF with TN; (b) enlarged view for the region marked by a dotted line.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic of experimental setup for temperature sensing of 3 fiber samples with or without TN. The bottom box shows the side view of the 3 fiber samples.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Variation of temperature in the chamber measured by a thermocouple meter and variation of optical transmitted power through: (b) standard single-mode fiber with coating layer removed, (c) bare SPF; (d) SPF with coated TN film.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Variation of optical transmitted power in the SPF with coated TN film as a function of the temperature.

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