Abstract

Space-division multiplexing with uncoupled multi-core fiber is a promising technology to drastically increase a fiber capacity in optical communication systems. Trans-oceanic class ultra-long-haul transmission was successfully achieved by using 7-core MCF with suppressed inter-core crosstalk. By using a combination of MCF and spectral efficient modulation format, the fiber capacity could be increased from 28.8 Tbit/s to 140 Tbit/s and a capacity-distance product exceeding 1 Exabit/s·km was obtained in 7 cores x 201 λ x 100 Gbit/s transmission over 7326 km. These results indicate that the MCF transmission will be one of promising candidates for future ultra-high capacity optical communication systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

1981 (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Abe, Y.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Abedin, K. S.

Andrekson, P. A.

Bansal, L.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Eriksson, T.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Hiraga, K.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Igarashi, K.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Imamura, K.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Ishida, I.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Izutsu, M.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

Kawakami, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Li, J.

Maeda, K.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Masuda, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Matsuo, S.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Miyamoto, Y.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Mizuno, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Monberg, E. M.

Morioka, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Morita, I.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Ono, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Saito, T.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Saitoh, K.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Sano, A.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Sasaki, Y.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Shikama, S.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sueta, T.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sugizaki, R.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Sumita, S.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Suzuki, M.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Tadakuma, M.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Takahashi, H.

Takara, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Takenaga, K.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Takeshima, K.

Taunay, T. F.

Thierry, T. F.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Tsuchida, Y.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Tsuritani, T.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Wada, M.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Watanabe, K.

K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, T. Tsuritani, H. Takahashi, S. Sumita, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “110.9-Tbit/s SDM transmission over 6,370 km using a full C-band seven-core EDFA,” Opt. Express 21(15), 18053–18060 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

Yamada, M.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

Yan, M. F.

Zhu, B.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (16)

K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, S. Tanigawa, N. Guan, S. Matsuo, K. Saito, and M. Koshiba, “Reduction of crosstalk by trench-assisted multi-core fiber,” OFC2011, OWJ4 (2011).

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” OFC 2012, OW1H.4 (2012).

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, K. Takenaga, and S. Matsuo, “Homogeneous and heterogeneous multi-core fibers,” IEEE Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting 2012, TuC4.4 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuno, T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, T. Goh, M. Oguma, T. Sakamoto, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh and T. Morioka, “12-core x 3-mode dense space division multiplexed transmission over 40 km employing multi-carrier signals with parallel MIMO equalization,” OFC 2014, Th5B.2 (2014).

H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. T. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y.Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K.Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First demonstration of MC-EDFA-repeatered SDM transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals per core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.3 (2012).

Y. Tsuchida, M. Tadakuma, and R. Sugizaki, “Multicore EDFA for Space Division Multiplexing by Utilizing Cladding-pumped Technology,” OFC2014, Tu2D.1 (2014)

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s×km Super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” ECOC2013, PD3, E3 (2013).

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gbit/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” OFC2012, PDP5C.1 (2012)

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.1 (2012).

S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. Monberg, and F. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-Core fiber with a per-fiber net aggregate spectral-efficiency distance product of 40,320 km.b/s/Hz,” ECOC2011, Th.13.C.4 (2011).

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” ECOC2013, PD3, E4 (2013).

V.A.J.M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R.G.H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D.J. Richardson, S. Alam, F. Poletti, J.K. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, A.M.J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A.D. Ellis and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96X3x256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.4 (2012),

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Corteselli, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gr¨uner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen and R. Lingle, Jr., “32-bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency WDM transmission over 177-km few-mode fiber,” OFC2013, PDP5A.1 (2013).

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. H. Gnauck, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J.Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang and R. Lingle, Jr., “Mode-multiplexed 6 × 20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber,” OFC/NFOEC2012, PDP5C.5 (2012).

E. Ip, M-J. Li, K. Bennett, Y-K Huang, A. Tanaka, A. Korolev, K. Koreshkov, W. Wood, E. Mateo, J. Hu and Y. Yano, “ 146λ x 6 x 19-Gbaud wavelength- and mode-division multiplexed transmission over 10 x 50-km spans of few-mode fiber with gain-equalized few-mode EDFA,” OFC2013, PDP5A.2 (2013).

J.-X. Cai, Y. Sun, H. G. Batshon, M. Mazurczyk, H. Zhang, D. G. Foursa, and A. N. Pilipetskii, “ 54 Tb/s transmission over 9,150 km with optimized hybrid Raman-EDFA amplification and coded modulation,” ECOC2014, PD.3.3 (2014).

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Recent reports on high capacity transmission.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup for 7 cores x 40λ x 128 Gbit/s transmission.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Cross section of 7-core MCF.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Configuration of 7-core MC-EDFA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Gain and noise characteristics of MC-EDFA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transmission performance after 6160 km transmission.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Transmission distance dependency.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental setup for 7 cores x 264λ x 72 Gbit/s transmission experiment.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Signal spectrum of quasi-Nyquist filtered DQ-QPSK signal.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Cross-section of 7core MCF with a trench index core profile.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Configuration of 2-stage MC-EDFA.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Gain and noise characteristics of 2-stage MC-EDFA.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Transmission performance and optical spectrum after 6370 km transmission.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 (a) IQ maps and (b) trellis diagrams of QPSK signal with duobinary-pulse shaping.
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 Optical spectra of 30 Gbaud Nyauist-pulse shaped and duobinary-pulse shaped QPSK signals with 25 GHz channel spacing.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 Back-to-back performance of 30 Gbaud Nyauist-pulse shaped and duobinary-pulse shaped QPSK signals.
Fig. 17
Fig. 17 Measured Q-factors for all channels and a typical constellation diagram after 7326km transmission.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Parameters of MCF.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Main Parameters of modified MCF.

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