Abstract

A one-dimensional dielectric grating, based on a simple geometry, is proposed and investigated to enhance light absorption in a monolayer graphene exploiting guided mode resonances. Numerical findings reveal that the optimized configuration is able to absorb up to 60% of the impinging light at normal incidence for both TE and TM polarizations resulting in a theoretical enhancement factor of about 26 with respect to the monolayer graphene absorption (≈2.3%). Experimental results confirm this behavior showing CVD graphene absorbance peaks up to about 40% over narrow bands of a few nanometers. The simple and flexible design points to a way to realize innovative, scalable and easy-to-fabricate graphene-based optical absorbers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (7)

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Tang, J. Du, C. Du, P. Zhu, and H. Shi, “Scaling phenomenon of graphene surface plasmon modes in grating-spacer-graphene hybrid systems,” Opt. Express 22(17), 20214–20222 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Vincenti, D. de Ceglia, M. Grande, A. D’Orazio, and M. Scalora, “Third-harmonic generation in one-dimensional photonic crystal with graphene-based defect,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165139 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Z. Xu, C. Q. Gu, Z. Li, and Z. Y. Niu, “A novel structure for tunable terahertz absorber based on graphene,” Opt. Express 21(20), 23803–23811 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Andryieuski and A. V. Lavrinenko, “Graphene metamaterials based tunable terahertz absorber: effective surface conductivity approach,” Opt. Express 21(7), 9144–9155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Vincenti, D. de Ceglia, M. Grande, A. D’Orazio, and M. Scalora, “Nonlinear control of absorption in one-dimensional photonic crystal with graphene-based defect,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3550–3553 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, W. Xie, and T. R. Schibli, “Broadband graphene electro-optic modulators with sub-wavelength thickness,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5264–5269 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Lu and W. Zhao, “Nanoscale electro-optic modulators based on graphene-slot waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1490–1496 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Bruna and S. Borini, “Optical constants of graphene layers in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031901 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green's functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022 (1992).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

1961 (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Alaee, R.

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andryieuski, A.

Atwater, H. A.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Avouris, P.

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borini, S.

M. Bruna and S. Borini, “Optical constants of graphene layers in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031901 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brar, V. W.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Britnell, L.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruna, M.

M. Bruna and S. Borini, “Optical constants of graphene layers in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031901 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y. C.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiu, H.-Y.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Choi, M.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, R.

D’Orazio, A.

de Ceglia, D.

De Vittorio, M.

Du, C.

Du, J.

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Echtermeyer, T. J.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Farhat, M.

Ferrari, A. C.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, X.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, W.

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, Y.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García de Abajo, F. J.

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerstenkorn, C.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gómez Rivas, J.

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorbachev, R. V.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grande, M.

Grigorenko, A. N.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C. Q.

Guinea, F.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hale, P. J.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hansen, O.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hanson, G. W.

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green's functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hatami, F.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heinz, T. F.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hendry, E.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hessel, A.

Hone, J.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jang, J.

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jang, M. S.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jasnos, P. K.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jepsen, P. U.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. W.

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, L.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koppens, F. H. L.

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, J.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kumar, N.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

Lederer, F.

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-C.

Li, J.

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, X. J.

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liu, C. H.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, N.

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lombardo, A.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez, J. J.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lozano, G.

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Z.

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mak, K. F.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marani, R.

Marrocco, V.

Martín Moreno, L.

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, S. A.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moger, J.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morea, G.

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mortensen, N. A.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mueller, T.

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nair, R. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nikitin, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

Niu, Z. Y.

Norris, T. B.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oliner, A. A.

Peres, N. M. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petruzzelli, V.

Piper, J. R.

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pirruccio, G.

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Savchenko, A. K.

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

Schibli, T. R.

Sherrott, M. C.

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Shu, J.

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smirl, A. L.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stauber, T.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stomeo, T.

Suzuki, S.

Tang, L.

Thongrattanasiri, S.

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vincenti, M. A.

Wang, R.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. S.

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022 (1992).
[Crossref]

Woo, J. M.

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xie, W.

Xu, B. Z.

Xu, Q.

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, W.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

You, Y.

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, R.

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

Zhong, Z.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, P.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (2)

G. Pirruccio, L. Martín Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS Nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, J. Shu, C. Qiu, and Q. Xu, “Excitation of plasmonic waves in graphene by guided-mode resonances,” ACS Nano 6(9), 7806–7813 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. M. Woo, M. Kim, H. W. Kim, and J. Jang, “Graphene based Salisbury screen for terahertz absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(8), 081106 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61(9), 1022 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, N. Liu, J. Li, X. J. Li, and J. Huang, “Enhanced absorption of graphene with one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 052104 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Zhu, W. Yan, P. U. Jepsen, O. Hansen, N. A. Mortensen, and S. Xiao, “Experimental observation of plasmons in a graphene monolayer resting on a two-dimensional subwavelength silicon grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(13), 131101 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bruna and S. Borini, “Optical constants of graphene layers in the visible range,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(3), 031901 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. W. Hanson, “Dyadic Green's functions and guided surface waves for a surface conductivity model of graphene,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064302 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

X. Gan, K. F. Mak, Y. Gao, Y. You, F. Hatami, J. Hone, T. F. Heinz, and D. Englund, “Strong enhancement of light-matter interaction in graphene coupled to a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 12(11), 5626–5631 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun (1)

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Mueller, F. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

U. Fano, “Effects of Configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev. 124(6), 1866–1878 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (6)

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. Yu, R. Alaee, F. Lederer, and C. Rockstuhl, “Manipulating the interaction between localized and delocalized surface plasmon-polaritons in graphene,” Phys. Rev. B 90(8), 085409 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. S. Jang, V. W. Brar, M. C. Sherrott, J. J. Lopez, L. Kim, S. Kim, M. Choi, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable large resonant absorption in a midinfrared graphene Salisbury screen,” Phys. Rev. B 90(16), 165409 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Yu. Nikitin, F. Guinea, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and L. Martin-Moreno, “Surface plasmon enhanced absorption and suppressed transmission in periodic arrays of graphene ribbons,” Phys. Rev. B 85(8), 081405 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Kumar, J. Kumar, C. Gerstenkorn, R. Wang, H.-Y. Chiu, A. L. Smirl, and H. Zhao, “Third harmonic generation in graphene and few-layer graphite films,” Phys. Rev. B 87(12), 121406 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. A. Vincenti, D. de Ceglia, M. Grande, A. D’Orazio, and M. Scalora, “Third-harmonic generation in one-dimensional photonic crystal with graphene-based defect,” Phys. Rev. B 89(16), 165139 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Hendry, P. J. Hale, J. Moger, A. K. Savchenko, and S. A. Mikhailov, “Coherent nonlinear optical response of graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(9), 097401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. L. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic press, 1998), 3.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Sketch of the 1D grating: PMMA stripes (red) on Ta2O5 slab (orange) grown on silicon dioxide substrate (grey). The black thin layer indicates the monolayer graphene.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmittance (blue solid line, T), Reflectance (green dashed curve, R) and Absorbance (red dash-dot curve, A) without (top panels) and with (bottom panels) the monolayer graphene for the TE (a-c) and TM (b-d) polarizations when tTa2O5, p, wPMMA and tPMMA are equal to 100 nm, 470 nm, 235 nm (0.6p) and 650 nm, respectively. Cross-section (y-z plane in Fig. 1) of the Hz (Ez) field distribution for the TE (TM) polarization ((e) and (f) respectively) when the monolayer graphene is considered (placed at 100 nm). The white lines indicate the geometry of the device.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption maps for the (a) TE and (c) TM polarization, respectively, when the Ta2O5 thickness is varied. Maximum achievable absorption versus the Ta2O5 thickness for the (b) TE and (d) TM polarization, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorbance maps for the 1D dielectric grating when the PMMA thickness tPMMA is varied between 0 nm and 700 nm for the (a) TE and (b) TM polarization, respectively. Panels (c) and (d) refer to the corresponding reflectance maps for the TE and TM polarization, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) micrograph of the fabricated device; the white scalebar refers to 470 nm. (b) Raman spectrum of the monolayer graphene after the fabrication process.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Theoretical (dashed lines) and experimental (solid lines) Transmittance (blue curves), Theoretical reflectance (green curves) and Absorbance (red curves) spectra for the TE (a) and TM (b) polarizations when when tTa2O5, wPMMA and tPMMA are equal to 100, 235 nm (0.6p) and 650 nm, respectively.

Equations (1)

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n eff = n 0 sin θ inc m λ 0 p

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