Abstract

The focus of the present paper deals, for the first time, with commercial UV optical fibers, characterizing their behaviour as they are subjected to very high flux wiggler generated synchrotron radiation. Five distinct types of UV optical fibers, produced by three manufactures, were exposed to total doses between 5 Gy and 2000 Gy. The exposure to synchrotron radiation was performed in two campaigns. The tests were run off-line and considered the dependence of the radiation induced attenuation (RIA) as function of the total dose. The recovery of the radiation induced colour centres was studied at room temperature and after heating the samples up to 560 K. As a première, we also investigated through THz imaging and spectroscopy the irradiated optical fiber samples. Under these conditions, three of the optical fibers proved to be radiation resistant. The two optical fibers sensitive to synchrotron radiation exhibited a linear variation of the optical absorption at the wavelengths of λ = 229 nm, λ = 248 nm, and λ = 265 nm, for total doses between 60 Gy and 2000 Gy. These two samples showed also an increase of the optical absorption in the UV spectral range when heated to 560 K. The optical fibers sensitive to synchrotron radiation can potentially be used for on-line radiation dosimetry.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (5)

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Comparative study on the degradation of UV optical fibers subjected to electron beam and gamma ray irradiation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 652–657 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Jin, J. Liu, X. Wang, J. Guo, and N. Song, “Effect of color center absorption on temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation in optical fibers at near infrared wavelengths,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(6), 839–845 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Song, J. Guo, X. Wang, and J. Jin, “Temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation of optical fibers,” Chin. Opt. Lett. COL 10(11), 110604 (2012).

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Effects of hydrogen loading on optical attenuation of gamma-irradiated UV fibers,” J. Nucl. Mater. 423(1-3), 142–148 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

S. Girard and C. Marcandella, “Transient and steady state radiation responses of solarization-resistant optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(4), 2049–2055 (2010), doi:.
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. J. Söderlund, J. J. Montiel i Ponsoda, J. P. Koplow, and S. Honkanen, “Heat-induced darkening and spectral broadening in photodarkened ytterbium-doped fiber under thermal cycling,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9940–9946 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

D. Sporea and R. Sporea, “Setup for the in situ monitoring of the irradiation-induced effects in optical fibers in the ultraviolet-visible optical range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(11), 113110 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy: A new tool for the study of glasses in the far infrared,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3341–3346 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

P. Lu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single-mode and multimode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys. 78(2), 89–97 (2000), doi:.
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, “Effects of exposure to photons of various energies on transmission of germanosilicate optical fiber in the visible to near IR spectral range,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 179, 243–253 (1994).

1992 (1)

H. Henschel, O. Köhn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Optical fibres as radiation dosimeters,” Nucl. Instr. Met. 69(2-3), 307–314 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

Y. Morita and W. Kawakami, “Dose rate effect on radiation induced attenuation of pure silica core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36(1), 584–590 (1989), doi:.
[Crossref]

Aboites, V.

Agnello, S.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Anoikin, E. V.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, “Effects of exposure to photons of various energies on transmission of germanosilicate optical fiber in the visible to near IR spectral range,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 179, 243–253 (1994).

Authier, N.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Baggio, J.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Bao, X.

P. Lu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single-mode and multimode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys. 78(2), 89–97 (2000), doi:.
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Berghmans, F.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Bhatnagar, P. K.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), E80–E85 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

Blackmore, E. W.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Bohra, D.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), E80–E85 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

Brichard, B.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brown, K.

P. Lu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single-mode and multimode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys. 78(2), 89–97 (2000), doi:.
[Crossref]

Cannas, M.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Charre, P.

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chaudhary, H. S.

Das, S.

Dasgupta, K.

S. Ghosh, S. Das, M. C. Paul, K. Dasgupta, D. Bohra, H. S. Chaudhary, L. Panwar, P. K. Bhatnagar, and S. G. Vaijapurkar, “Evaluation of the performance of high phosphorous with germanium codoped multimode optical fiber for use as a radiation sensor at low dose rates,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), E80–E85 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

de Schoutheete, T.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

Di Francesca, D.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Faustov, A. V.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Felix, J. A.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Ferlet-Cavrois, V.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Fotiadi, A. A.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Gaillardin, M.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Ghosh, S.

Girard, S.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard and C. Marcandella, “Transient and steady state radiation responses of solarization-resistant optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(4), 2049–2055 (2010), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

Gusarov, A.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Henschel, H.

H. Henschel, O. Köhn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Optical fibres as radiation dosimeters,” Nucl. Instr. Met. 69(2-3), 307–314 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, and J. Kirchhof, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” in Proc. Fourth European Conference on Radiation and its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 97, (Cannes, France, 1997) pp. 439 – 444, doi: .
[Crossref]

Honkanen, S.

Jetschke, S.

Jin, J.

Kawakami, W.

Y. Morita and W. Kawakami, “Dose rate effect on radiation induced attenuation of pure silica core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36(1), 584–590 (1989), doi:.
[Crossref]

Keurinck, J.

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Kirchhof, J.

M. Leich, S. Jetschke, S. Unger, and J. Kirchhof, “Temperature influence on the photodarkening kinetics in Yb-doped silica fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(1), 65–68 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, and J. Kirchhof, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” in Proc. Fourth European Conference on Radiation and its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 97, (Cannes, France, 1997) pp. 439 – 444, doi: .
[Crossref]

Kohn, O.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, and J. Kirchhof, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” in Proc. Fourth European Conference on Radiation and its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 97, (Cannes, France, 1997) pp. 439 – 444, doi: .
[Crossref]

Köhn, O.

H. Henschel, O. Köhn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Optical fibres as radiation dosimeters,” Nucl. Instr. Met. 69(2-3), 307–314 (1992).
[Crossref]

Koplow, J. P.

Kozlova, N. S.

Kuhnhenn, J.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kulkarni, N.

P. Lu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single-mode and multimode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys. 78(2), 89–97 (2000), doi:.
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

Leon, M.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Liokumovich, L. B.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Lu, P.

P. Lu, X. Bao, K. Brown, and N. Kulkarni, “Gamma-induced attenuation in normal single-mode and multimode, Ge-doped and P-doped optical fibers: A fiber optic dosimeter for low dose levels,” Can. J. Phys. 78(2), 89–97 (2000), doi:.
[Crossref]

Mace, J.-R.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Marcandella, C.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard and C. Marcandella, “Transient and steady state radiation responses of solarization-resistant optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(4), 2049–2055 (2010), doi:.
[Crossref]

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, “Effects of exposure to photons of various energies on transmission of germanosilicate optical fiber in the visible to near IR spectral range,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 179, 243–253 (1994).

Megret, P.

A. V. Faustov, A. Gusarov, M. Wuilpart, A. A. Fotiadi, L. B. Liokumovich, I. O. Zolotovskiy, A. L. Tomashuk, T. de Schoutheete, and P. Megret, “Comparison of gamma-radiation induced attenuation in Al-doped, P-doped and Ge-doped fibres for dosimetry,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(4), 2511–2517 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Meunier, J.-P.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

Miles, R. E.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy: A new tool for the study of glasses in the far infrared,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3341–3346 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Morana, A.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Morita, Y.

Y. Morita and W. Kawakami, “Dose rate effect on radiation induced attenuation of pure silica core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36(1), 584–590 (1989), doi:.
[Crossref]

Naftaly, M.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of silicate glasses and the relationship to material properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(4), 043517 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy: A new tool for the study of glasses in the far infrared,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3341–3346 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Neustruev, V. B.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, “Effects of exposure to photons of various energies on transmission of germanosilicate optical fiber in the visible to near IR spectral range,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 179, 243–253 (1994).

Oproiu, C.

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Comparative study on the degradation of UV optical fibers subjected to electron beam and gamma ray irradiation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 652–657 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Effects of hydrogen loading on optical attenuation of gamma-irradiated UV fibers,” J. Nucl. Mater. 423(1-3), 142–148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, Y. Ouerdane, P. Charre, and M. Vié, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of nitrogen-, germanium-doped and pure silica core optical fibers,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 215(1–2), 187–195 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004), doi:.
[Crossref]

Paillet, P.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Panwar, L.

Paul, M. C.

Perisse, J.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Quenard, S.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, S. Quenard, and N. Authier, “Feasibility of radiation dosimetry with phosphorus-doped optical fibers in the ultraviolet and visible domain,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 357, 1871–1874 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Raine, M.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Regnier, E.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Richard, N.

S. Girard, C. Marcandella, A. Morana, J. Perisse, D. Di Francesca, P. Paillet, J.-R. Mace, A. Boukenter, M. Leon, M. Gaillardin, N. Richard, M. Raine, S. Agnello, M. Cannas, and Y. Ouerdane, “Combined high dose and temperature radiation effects on multimode silica-based optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(6), 4305–4313 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Schmidt, H. U.

H. Henschel, O. Köhn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Optical fibres as radiation dosimeters,” Nucl. Instr. Met. 69(2-3), 307–314 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, H. U. Schmidt, and J. Kirchhof, “Radiation-induced loss of rare earth doped silica fibres,” in Proc. Fourth European Conference on Radiation and its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 97, (Cannes, France, 1997) pp. 439 – 444, doi: .
[Crossref]

Schwank, J. R.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Sen, R.

M. C. Paul, D. Bohra, A. Dhar, R. Sen, P. K. Bhatnagar, and K. Dasgupta, “Radiation response behavior of high phosphorous doped step-index multimode optical fibers under low dose gamma irradiation,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 355, 1496–1507 (2009), doi:.
[Crossref]

Shaneyfelt, M. R.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton- and gamma-induced effects on Erbium-doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Sidorin, Y. S.

E. V. Anoikin, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, and Y. S. Sidorin, “Effects of exposure to photons of various energies on transmission of germanosilicate optical fiber in the visible to near IR spectral range,” J. Non-Crys. Solids 179, 243–253 (1994).

Söderlund, M. J.

Song, J.

J. Song, J. Guo, X. Wang, and J. Jin, “Temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation of optical fibers,” Chin. Opt. Lett. COL 10(11), 110604 (2012).

Song, N.

Sporea, A.

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Comparative study on the degradation of UV optical fibers subjected to electron beam and gamma ray irradiation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 652–657 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Effects of hydrogen loading on optical attenuation of gamma-irradiated UV fibers,” J. Nucl. Mater. 423(1-3), 142–148 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sporea, D.

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Comparative study on the degradation of UV optical fibers subjected to electron beam and gamma ray irradiation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 19(6), 652–657 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Sporea, A. Sporea, and C. Oproiu, “Effects of hydrogen loading on optical attenuation of gamma-irradiated UV fibers,” J. Nucl. Mater. 423(1-3), 142–148 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Sporea and R. Sporea, “Setup for the in situ monitoring of the irradiation-induced effects in optical fibers in the ultraviolet-visible optical range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(11), 113110 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Sporea, R.

D. Sporea and R. Sporea, “Setup for the in situ monitoring of the irradiation-induced effects in optical fibers in the ultraviolet-visible optical range,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76(11), 113110 (2005), doi:.
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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 MRT spectrum after filtering with 1.5 mm Al and 1.0 mm Cu.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Set-up of the PTW water tank on the MRT goniometer using an PTW pin-point chamber being scanned vertically through the beam for absolute dose measurements in the broad beam configuration: 1 – pin-point chamber; 2 – PTW water tank; 3 – MRT goniometer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measuring setup: 1 – light source; 2 – optical fiber attenuator; 3 – optical fiber multiplexer; 4 - optical fiber mini spectrometer; 5 – optical fiber sample; 6 – laptop.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Temporal profile of the heating process.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 UV spectral absorbance for the pristine optical fiber samples (a), irradiated optical fiber samples at the total dose of 5 Gy (b) and 10 Gy (c).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The irradiation induced optical absorption for S1 (a) and S2 (b), at the total doses of 30 Gy, 200 Gy and 1000 Gy.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The irradiation induced optical absorption for S1 (a) and S2 (b), at the total doses of 60 Gy, 400 Gy and 2000 Gy.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The irradiation induced optical absorption for S5, at the total dose of 10 Gy, for two tests run at 10 days apart.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The irradiation induced optical absorption for S2 (a), S3 (b), S4 (c) and S5 (d) at the total dose of 2000 Gy, for four tests.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 The irradiation induced optical absorption for S1, at the total dose of 2000 Gy, for four tests.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The changes of the optical absorption as function of the total dose, for sample S1 (a) and sample S2 (b) at several UV wavelengths.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 The results of THz investigations on sample S1 in frequency domain mode: a – the reflectance imaging along the optical fiber (XY plane), for the dose of 5 Gy; b – the THz reflectance imaging along the depth of a line passing in the optical fiber core (XZ plane), for the dose of 5 Gy; c – the reflectance imaging along the optical fiber, for the dose of 2000 Gy; d – the THz reflectance imaging along the depth of a line passing in the optical fiber core, for the dose of 2000 Gy; e – the THz spectra of the optical fiber core, core-cladding interface, and jacket, for the dose of 5 Gy; f – the THz spectra of the optical fiber core, core-cladding interface, and jacket, for the dose of 2000 Gy.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of the Investigated Optical Fibers and the Testing Conditions

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