Abstract

Short-pulse-pumped optical parametric chirped pulse amplification (OPCPA) requires a precise temporal overlap of the interacting pulses in the nonlinear crystal to achieve stable performance. We present active synchronization of the ps-pump pulses and the broadband seed pulses used in an OPCPA system with a residual timing jitter below 2 fs. This unprecedented stability was achieved utilizing optical parametric amplification to generate the error signal, requiring less than 4 pJ of seed- and 10 µJ of pump-pulse-energy in the optical setup. The synchronization system shows excellent long-term performance and can be easily implemented in almost any OPCPA system.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Fattahi, H. G. Barros, M. Gorjan, T. Nubbemeyer, B. Alsaif, C. Y. Teisset, M. Schultze, S. Prinz, M. Haefner, M. Ueffing, A. Alismail, L. Vámos, A. Schwarz, O. Pronin, J. Brons, X. T. Geng, G. Arisholm, M. Ciappina, V. S. Yakovlev, D.-E. Kim, A. M. Azzeer, N. Karpowicz, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Metzger, and F. Krausz, “Third-generation femtosecond technology,” Optica 1(1), 45 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Teisset, M. Schultze, R. Bessing, M. Haefner, S. Prinz, D. Sutter, and T. Metzger, “300 W Picosecond Thin-Disk Regenerative Amplifier at 10 kHz Repetition Rate,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress Postdeadline (Optical Society of America, 2013), pp. JTh5A.1.
  5. T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Hädrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tünnermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2456–2458 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. Ö. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of 287 W, 5.5 ps pulses at 78 MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2473–2475 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Octave-spanning OPCPA system delivering CEP-stable few-cycle pulses and 22 W of average power at 1 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10870–10878 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 296–307 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improving carrier-envelope phase stability in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers by control of timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4910–4912 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Klingebiel, I. Ahmad, C. Wandt, C. Skrobol, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of timing jitter inside a stretcher-compressor setup,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3443–3455 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. Schwarz, M. Ueffing, Y. Deng, X. Gu, H. Fattahi, T. Metzger, M. Ossiander, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Active stabilization for optically synchronized optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5557–5565 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, P. Farinello, J. Moses, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1880–1882 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. D. H. Sutter, D. Bauer, J. Kleinbauer, A. Budnicki, M. Wolf, C. Tan, R. Gebs, P. Wagenblast, and S. Weiler, “Ultrafast Disk Lasers and Amplifiers,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), pp. AM2A.1.
  18. M. Schultze, S. Prinz, C. Y. Teisset, M. Haefner, R. Bessing, K. Michel and T. Metzger, „CEP-Stable, Few-Cycle OPCPA System with more than 15 W of Average Output Power at 300 kHz,” presented at 6th EPS-QEOD EUROPHOTON CONFERENCE, Neuchatel, Switzerland, 24–29 Aug. 2014, paper ThE-T1-O-03.

2014 (2)

2012 (6)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahmad, I.

Alismail, A.

Alsaif, B.

Andersen, T. V.

Arisholm, G.

Azzeer, A. M.

Baltuska, A.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Barros, H. G.

Bodnar, N.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brons, J.

Butkus, R.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Ciappina, M.

Cirmi, G.

Demmler, S.

Deng, Y.

Dolkemeyer, J.

Drescher, M.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[Crossref]

Duesterer, S.

Eidam, T.

Eikema, K. S. E.

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Faatz, B.

Fan, T. Y.

Farinello, P.

Fattahi, H.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feldhaus, J.

Fuji, T.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gabler, T.

Geng, X. T.

Gopinath, J.

Gorjan, M.

Gottschall, T.

Gu, X.

Hädrich, S.

Haefner, M.

Hanf, S.

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, K.-H.

Huang, S.-W.

Hybl, J.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Karpowicz, N.

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kienberger, R.

Killi, A.

Kim, D.-E.

Klingebiel, S.

Kohler, S.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

H. Fattahi, H. G. Barros, M. Gorjan, T. Nubbemeyer, B. Alsaif, C. Y. Teisset, M. Schultze, S. Prinz, M. Haefner, M. Ueffing, A. Alismail, L. Vámos, A. Schwarz, O. Pronin, J. Brons, X. T. Geng, G. Arisholm, M. Ciappina, V. S. Yakovlev, D.-E. Kim, A. M. Azzeer, N. Karpowicz, D. Sutter, Z. Major, T. Metzger, and F. Krausz, “Third-generation femtosecond technology,” Optica 1(1), 45 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Klingebiel, I. Ahmad, C. Wandt, C. Skrobol, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of timing jitter inside a stretcher-compressor setup,” Opt. Express 20(4), 3443–3455 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Schwarz, M. Ueffing, Y. Deng, X. Gu, H. Fattahi, T. Metzger, M. Ossiander, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Active stabilization for optically synchronized optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5557–5565 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Krebs, M.

Limpert, J.

Major, Z.

Mans, T.

Manzoni, C.

Metzger, T.

Moses, J.

Nubbemeyer, T.

Ossiander, M.

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piskarskas, A. P.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[Crossref]

Prinz, S.

Pronin, O.

Richardson, M.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Riedel, R.

Rossbach, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russbueldt, P.

Schlarb, H.

Schmid, K.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schnitzler, C.

Schreiber, T.

Schultze, M.

Schulz, M.

Schwarz, A.

Seise, E.

Shah, L.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siddiqui, A.

Skrobol, C.

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sutter, D.

Tavella, F.

Teisset, C. Y.

Trushin, S. A.

Tünnermann, A.

Ueffing, M.

Vámos, L.

Vaupel, A.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Veisz, L.

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wandt, C.

Webb, B.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Willner, A.

Wirth, C.

Witte, S.

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V. S.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarskas, “Trends in chirped pulse optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 163–172 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, T. Fuji, S. Kohler, K. Schmid, L. Veisz, A. Baltuska, and F. Krausz, “Seeding of an eleven femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier and its Nd3+ picosecond pump laser from a single broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(2), 173–180 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Witte and K. S. E. Eikema, “Ultrafast Optical Parametric Chirped-Pulse Amplification,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(1), 296–307 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53(5), 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (6)

T. Metzger, A. Schwarz, C. Y. Teisset, D. Sutter, A. Killi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “High-repetition-rate picosecond pump laser based on a Yb:YAG disk amplifier for optical parametric amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2123–2125 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schulz, R. Riedel, A. Willner, T. Mans, C. Schnitzler, P. Russbueldt, J. Dolkemeyer, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, S. Hädrich, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, B. Faatz, A. Tünnermann, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, and F. Tavella, “Yb:YAG Innoslab amplifier: efficient high repetition rate subpicosecond pumping system for optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2456–2458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, A. Siddiqui, J. Moses, J. Gopinath, J. Hybl, F. Ö. Ilday, T. Y. Fan, and F. X. Kärtner, “Generation of 287 W, 5.5 ps pulses at 78 MHz repetition rate from a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2473–2475 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, P. Farinello, J. Moses, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 1880–1882 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Improving carrier-envelope phase stability in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifiers by control of timing jitter,” Opt. Lett. 37(23), 4910–4912 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

C. Teisset, M. Schultze, R. Bessing, M. Haefner, S. Prinz, D. Sutter, and T. Metzger, “300 W Picosecond Thin-Disk Regenerative Amplifier at 10 kHz Repetition Rate,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress Postdeadline (Optical Society of America, 2013), pp. JTh5A.1.

D. H. Sutter, D. Bauer, J. Kleinbauer, A. Budnicki, M. Wolf, C. Tan, R. Gebs, P. Wagenblast, and S. Weiler, “Ultrafast Disk Lasers and Amplifiers,” in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), pp. AM2A.1.

M. Schultze, S. Prinz, C. Y. Teisset, M. Haefner, R. Bessing, K. Michel and T. Metzger, „CEP-Stable, Few-Cycle OPCPA System with more than 15 W of Average Output Power at 300 kHz,” presented at 6th EPS-QEOD EUROPHOTON CONFERENCE, Neuchatel, Switzerland, 24–29 Aug. 2014, paper ThE-T1-O-03.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of our system: Pump and seed pulses are directly derived from a broadband Ti:Sapphire oscillator. The pump pulses at λ = 1030 nm are amplified in a Yb:YAG regenerative thin disk amplifier and frequency doubled in a SHG-stage. The pump-seed synchronization system is implemented close to the OPCPA and controls an adjustable delay stage.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup to detect the timing jitter between pump and seed pulses. SF57, bulk glass block; OPA, optical parametric amplifier; PSD, position sensitive detector. The inset shows the simulated output of the OPA at different relative group delays (GD).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative long-term drift between pump and seed pulses at full output power of the regenerative disk amplifier, measured with a spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Short-term timing jitter unsynchronized (blue) and with active synchronization (green). The RMS timing jitter in the stabilized case is reduced to σ < 2 fs. The inset shows a histogram of the measured timing jitter values. (b) Long-term measurement of the timing delay between the pump and seed pulses. Inset: Activation of the stabilization after 2 min.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Amplitude spectrum of pulse timing jitter without synchronization (blue) and with active synchronization (green).

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