Abstract

Grating interferometry has been successfully adapted at standard X-ray tubes and is a promising candidate for a broad use of phase-contrast imaging in medical diagnostics or industrial testing. The achievable image quality using this technique is mainly dependent on the interferometer performance with the interferometric visibility as crucial parameter. The presented study deals with experimental investigations of the spectral dependence of the visibility in order to understand the interaction between the single contributing energies. Especially for the choice which type of setup has to be preferred using a polychromatic source, this knowledge is highly relevant. Our results affirm previous findings from theoretical investigations but also show that measurements of the spectral contributions to the visibility are necessary to fully characterize and optimize a grating interferometer and cannot be replaced by only relying on simulated data up to now.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Non-binary phase gratings for x-ray imaging with a compact Talbot interferometer

Andre Yaroshenko, Martin Bech, Guillaume Potdevin, Andreas Malecki, Thomas Biernath, Johannes Wolf, Arne Tapfer, Markus Schüttler, Jan Meiser, Danays Kunka, Maximilian Amberger, Juergen Mohr, and Franz Pfeiffer
Opt. Express 22(1) 547-556 (2014)

Quantitative imaging using high-energy X-ray phase-contrast CT with a 70 kVp polychromatic X-ray spectrum

Adrian Sarapata, Marian Willner, Marco Walter, Thomas Duttenhofer, Konradin Kaiser, Pascal Meyer, Christian Braun, Alexander Fingerle, Peter B. Noël, Franz Pfeiffer, and Julia Herzen
Opt. Express 23(1) 523-535 (2015)

Polychromatic X-ray effects on fringe phase shifts in grating interferometry

Aimin Yan, Xizeng Wu, and Hong Liu
Opt. Express 25(6) 6053-6068 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Momose, “Phase-sensitive imaging and phase tomography using X-ray interferometers,” Opt. Express 11(19), 2303–2314 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Weitkamp, A. Diaz, C. David, F. Pfeiffer, M. Stampanoni, P. Cloetens, and E. Ziegler, “X-ray phase imaging with a grating interferometer,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6296–6304 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Itoh, K. Nagai, G. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, T. Nakamura, T. Kondoh, C. Ouchi, T. Teshima, Y. Setomoto, and T. Den, “Two-dimensional grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging using Fourier transform phase retrieval,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3339–3346 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. T. Thuering and M. Stampanoni, “Performance and optimization of X-ray grating interferometry,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372, 20130027 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. R. Raupach and T. Flohr, “Performance evaluation of x-ray differential phase contrast computed tomography (PCT) with respect to medical imaging,” Med. Phys. 39(8), 4761–4774 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  23. S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. Suleski, “Generation of Lohmann images from binary-phase Talbot array illuminators,” Appl. Opt. 36(20), 4686–4691 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. A. Lohmann, H. Knuppertz, and J. Jahns, “Fractional Montgomery effect: a self-imaging phenomenon,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(8), 1500–1508 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1970).
  28. W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  29. E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2014 (6)

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Thuering and M. Stampanoni, “Performance and optimization of X-ray grating interferometry,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372, 20130027 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

R. Raupach and T. Flohr, “Performance evaluation of x-ray differential phase contrast computed tomography (PCT) with respect to medical imaging,” Med. Phys. 39(8), 4761–4774 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Itoh, K. Nagai, G. Sato, K. Yamaguchi, T. Nakamura, T. Kondoh, C. Ouchi, T. Teshima, Y. Setomoto, and T. Den, “Two-dimensional grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging using Fourier transform phase retrieval,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3339–3346 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Achterhold, K.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adam-Neumair, S.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alhassen, F.

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

Anton, G.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Auweter, S.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bacher, W.

W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bamberg, F.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barber, W.

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baumann, J.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bayer, F.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bech, M.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beck, T.

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beckmann, F.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bingham, C.

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birnbacher, L.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boerner, M.

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bohla, A.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1970).

Bravin, A.

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bunk, O.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burton, N.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carrino, J.

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chabior, M.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cloetens, P.

Coan, P.

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

David, C.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Weitkamp, A. Diaz, C. David, F. Pfeiffer, M. Stampanoni, P. Cloetens, and E. Ziegler, “X-ray phase imaging with a grating interferometer,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6296–6304 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Den, T.

Diaz, A.

Donath, T.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Durst, J.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eickelberg, O.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Engel, K.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Engelhardt, M.

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ermolayev, V.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fill, S.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fingerle, A.

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flohr, T.

R. Raupach and T. Flohr, “Performance evaluation of x-ray differential phase contrast computed tomography (PCT) with respect to medical imaging,” Med. Phys. 39(8), 4761–4774 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geller, D.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gifford, M.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grandl, S.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haas, W.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hahn, D.

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hauser, N.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hellerhoff, K.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hempel, E.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Herzen, J.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hetterich, H.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hipp, A.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoheisel, M.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hohl, M.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, H.

Iwanczyk, J.

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jahns, J.

Jakobs, P.

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

Klemm, U.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Knuppertz, H.

Köhler, T.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kondoh, T.

Kottler, C.

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kubik-Huch, R.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loewen, R.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lohmann, A.

Ma, X.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Malecki, A.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marone, F.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marschner, M.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martens, G.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mayr, D.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McDonald, S.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meinel, F.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Menz, W.

W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Michel, T.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mohajerani, P.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mohr, J.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
[Crossref]

Momose, A.

Münzel, D.

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagai, K.

Nakamura, T.

Nazmov, V.

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nikolaou, K.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noel, P.

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ntziachristos, V.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ogurreck, M.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouchi, C.

Pelzer, G.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, F.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Weitkamp, A. Diaz, C. David, F. Pfeiffer, M. Stampanoni, P. Cloetens, and E. Ziegler, “X-ray phase imaging with a grating interferometer,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6296–6304 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popescu, S.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

Potdevin, G.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radrich, K.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Raupach, R.

R. Raupach and T. Flohr, “Performance evaluation of x-ray differential phase contrast computed tomography (PCT) with respect to medical imaging,” Med. Phys. 39(8), 4761–4774 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reiser, M.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reznikova, E.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rieger, J.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ritter, A.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roessl, E.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rummeny, E.

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruth, R.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saam, T.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarapata, A.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sato, G.

Schleede, S.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schreyer, A.

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroer, C.

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schüller, U.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schusser, S.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schuster, M.

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seo, Y.

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

Setomoto, Y.

Singer, G.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siveke, J.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stampanoni, M.

T. Thuering and M. Stampanoni, “Performance and optimization of X-ray grating interferometry,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372, 20130027 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Weitkamp, A. Diaz, C. David, F. Pfeiffer, M. Stampanoni, P. Cloetens, and E. Ziegler, “X-ray phase imaging with a grating interferometer,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6296–6304 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stutman, D.

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suleski, T.

Suortti, P.

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sztrókay, A.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sztrókay-Gaul, A.

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teshima, T.

Thieme, S.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thring, T.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thuering, T.

T. Thuering and M. Stampanoni, “Performance and optimization of X-ray grating interferometry,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372, 20130027 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

Trajkovic-Arsic, M.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Trippel, M.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tzoumas, S.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vogtmeier, G.

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber, T.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weitkamp, T.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Weitkamp, A. Diaz, C. David, F. Pfeiffer, M. Stampanoni, P. Cloetens, and E. Ziegler, “X-ray phase imaging with a grating interferometer,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6296–6304 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, M.

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wirth, S.

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1970).

Wu, Z.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wucherer, L.

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, K.

Yildirim, A.

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zanette, I.

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, P.

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ziegler, E.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Engelhardt, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, C. Kottler, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, and C. David, “High-resolution differential phase contrast imaging using a magnifying projection geometry with a microfocus x-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 224101 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Thuering, W. Barber, Y. Seo, F. Alhassen, J. Iwanczyk, and M. Stampanoni, “Energy resolved X-ray grating interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(19), 191113 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. (1)

W. Bacher, W. Menz, and J. Mohr, “The LIGA technique and its potential for microsystems - A survey,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electr. 42(5), 431–441 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. (1)

P. Mohajerani, A. Hipp, M. Willner, M. Marschner, M. Trajkovic-Arsic, X. Ma, N. Burton, U. Klemm, K. Radrich, V. Ermolayev, S. Tzoumas, J. Siveke, M. Bech, F. Pfeiffer, and V. Ntziachristos, “FMT-PCCT: Hybrid fluorescence molecular tomography X-ray phase-contrast CT imaging of mouse models,” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 33(7), 1434–1446 (2014).
[Crossref]

Invest. Radiol. (1)

M. Stampanoni, Z. Wang, T. Thring, C. David, E. Roessl, M. Trippel, R. Kubik-Huch, G. Singer, M. Hohl, and N. Hauser, “The first analysis and clinical evaluation of native breast tissue using differential phase-contrast mammography,” Invest. Radiol. 46(12), 801–806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Donath, M. Chabior, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, E. Hempel, S. Popescu, M. Hoheisel, M. Schuster, J. Baumann, and C. David, “Inverse geometry for grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 054703 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (1)

M. Engelhardt, C. Kottler, O. Bunk, C. David, C. Schroer, J. Baumann, M. Schuster, and F. Pfeiffer, “The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources,” J. Microsc. 232(1), 145–157 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

JINST (1)

T. Weber, F. Bayer, W. Haas, G. Pelzer, J. Rieger, A. Ritter, L. Wucherer, J. Durst, T. Michel, and G. Anton, “Energy-dependent visibility measurements, their simulation and optimisation of an X-ray Talbot-Lau Interferometer,” JINST 7(2), P02003 (2012).
[Crossref]

Med. Phys. (1)

R. Raupach and T. Flohr, “Performance evaluation of x-ray differential phase contrast computed tomography (PCT) with respect to medical imaging,” Med. Phys. 39(8), 4761–4774 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Microsyst. Technol. (1)

E. Reznikova, J. Mohr, M. Boerner, V. Nazmov, and P. Jakobs, “Soft X-ray lithography of high aspect ratio SU8 submicron structures,” Microsyst. Technol. 14, 1683–1688 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

F. Pfeiffer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources,” Nat. Phys. 2, 258–261 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A (1)

K. Engel, D. Geller, T. Köhler, G. Martens, S. Schusser, G. Vogtmeier, and E. Roessl, “Contrast-to-noise in X-ray differential phase contrast imaging,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 648, 202–207 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. (1)

T. Thuering and M. Stampanoni, “Performance and optimization of X-ray grating interferometry,” Philos. Trans. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 372, 20130027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Med. Biol. (3)

D. Stutman, T. Beck, J. Carrino, and C. Bingham, “Talbot phase-contrast x-ray imaging for the small joints of the hand,” Phys. Med. Biol. 56(17), 5697–5720 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Willner, J. Herzen, S. Grandl, S. Auweter, D. Mayr, A. Hipp, M. Chabior, A. Sarapata, K. Achterhold, I. Zanette, T. Weitkamp, A. Sztrókay, K. Hellerhoff, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Quantitative breast tissue characterization using grating-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Med. Biol. 59, 1557–1571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bravin, P. Coan, and P. Suortti, “X-ray phase-contrast imaging: from pre-clinical applications towards clinics,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(1), R1–R35 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plos One (1)

S. Grandl, M. Willner, J. Herzen, A. Sztrókay-Gaul, D. Mayr, S. Auweter, A. Hipp, L. Birnbacher, M. Marschner, M. Chabior, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, F. Bamberg, and K. Hellerhoff, “Visualizing typical features of breast fibroadenomas using phase-contrast CT: An ex-vivo study,” Plos One 9(5), e97101 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (2)

S. Schleede, F. Meinel, M. Bech, J. Herzen, K. Achterhold, G. Potdevin, A. Malecki, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Thieme, F. Bamberg, K. Nikolaou, A. Bohla, A. Yildirim, R. Loewen, M. Gifford, R. Ruth, O. Eickelberg, M. Reiser, and F. Pfeiffer, “Emphysema diagnosis using X-ray dark-field imaging at a laser-driven compact synchrotron light source,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 109(44), 17880–17885 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Zhu, K. Zhang, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Liu, Z. Wu, S. McDonald, F. Marone, and M. Stampanoni, “Low-dose, simple, and fast grating-based X-ray phase-contrast imaging,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 107(31), 13576–13581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radiology (2)

H. Hetterich, M. Willner, S. Fill, J. Herzen, F. Bamberg, A. Hipp, U. Schüller, S. Adam-Neumair, S. Wirth, M. Reiser, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Saam, “Phase-contrast CT: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid artery plaque,” Radiology 271(3), 870–878 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fingerle, M. Willner, J. Herzen, D. Münzel, D. Hahn, E. Rummeny, P. Noel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Simulated cystic renal lesions: Quantitative X-ray phase-contrast CT - An in vitro phantom study,” Radiology 272(3), 739–748 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. Herzen, T. Donath, F. Beckmann, M. Ogurreck, C. David, J. Mohr, F. Pfeiffer, and A. Schreyer, “X-ray grating interferometer for materials-science imaging at a low-coherent wiggler source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(11), 113711 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Med. Phys. (1)

F. Pfeiffer, J. Herzen, M. Willner, M. Chabior, S. Auweter, M. Reiser, and F. Bamberg, “Grating-based X-ray phase contrast for biomedical imaging applications,” Z. Med. Phys. 23(3), 176–185 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1970).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a): Schematic principle of a grating interferometer. A source grating (G0, not shown in the scheme) has to be installed in case of photon sources with a low coherence. The phase grating (G1) induces a periodic phase shift to the incoming wavefront resulting in an interference pattern behind the grating (shown in Fig. 2). To analyze the relative position of the interference pattern an absorption grating is stepped perpendicular to the propagation direction to record a stepping curve. (b): Stepping curves for a reference scan (blue solid line) and a sample scan (green dashed line). From the stepping curves the mean intensity a0, the amplitude a1 and the displacement φ can be determined.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Monochromatic Talbot carpets for a π-shifting (a) and a π/2-shifting (b) phase grating. The fractional Talbot distances are n · dT/16 for a π-shifting grating and n · dT/4 for a π/2-shifting grating. At even fractional Talbot distances the incoming wavefront repeats itself. At odd fractional Talbot distances a periodic intensity pattern arises. The lateral period of this pattern is p/2 for the π-shifting grating. For the π/2-shifting grating the period is p and the patterns at the 1st and 3rd fractional Talbot distance are shifted half a period against each other.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated visibility carpet for a π/2-setup with a phase grating duty cycle of 0.5 (a) and the corresponding line plots for a constant phase shift of π/2 (b) and the 1st fractional Talbot distance as fixed distance (c) (both marked by white dashed lines in the visibility carpet). Negative values correspond to an opposite orientation of the intensity pattern.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated visibility carpet for a π-setup with a phase grating duty cycle of 0.5 (a) and the corresponding line plots for a constant phase shift of π (b) and the 3rd fractional Talbot distance as fixed distance (c) (both marked by white dashed lines in the visibility carpet).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

For a fixed setup all visibility values for any energy are located on a line through the origin. The example shown as white line in the carpet is valid for a setup built up at the 5th fractional Talbot distance and a phase shift of π/2 for the design energy ED. The plotted line shows the corresponding visibility values as a function of ED/E.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of π/2-setup (a) and a π-setup (b) for the same inter-grating distances and different phase gratings. The phase grating period was 2.4 μm for both setup types. The periods of the source and analyzer grating were 4.8 μm in case of the π/2-setup and 2.4 μm in case of the π-setup.. A monotonous decrease in the measured visibility is detectable for the π/2-setup whereas the π-setup visibility remains constant.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of predicted visibilities from simulations (marked in the visibility carpet, black dashed lines in the visibility plots) and experimental energy-resolved measurements (blue solid lines in the visibility plots) of a π/2-setup configuration (compare section 2.2) using 4.8μm period absorption gratings and a 2.4μm period phase grating. The experimental setups were built up at the third fractional Talbot-distance with a phase grating inducing a π/2-shift to the design energy of 29 keV (a) and at the first fractional Talbot distance of 23 keV with a phase-grating inducing a phase-shift of π to this design energy and a π/2-shift to 46 keV. (b). The simulated visibility values in the comparison plots (a) and (b) are arbitrarily scaled for an easy comparison of the curves shape. The comparison shows that a rough approximation of the contribution from the single energies to the overall performance is possible. The insufficiency of the simulated data for an exact characterization of a setup becomes apparent as the inflection points and extreme values are not positioned at the same energies. This is attributed to the non-perfectly absorbing and inhomogeneous structures of the gold gratings which is not considered in the simulation, but also to possible deviations in the actual phase grating height and the duty cycles of all three gratings.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of two stepping curves from two different energies within the same measurement using the pi/2-setup configuration. The red dotted line gives the intensity modulation for 19 keV and the blue dashed line gives the intensity modulation for 27 keV. The black solid line gives the resulting stepping curve from both energies if not analyzed independently. The effect of annihilating visibilities through the shifted intensity patterns is clearly recognizable.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison of the overall visibility determined from energy-resolved visibility analysis (red dashed line) and the mean visibility recorded with an imaging detector (blue solid line) using a π-setup consistent of three 5.4μm period gratings. The results affirm the theory to use spectrum weighted visibilities to determine the overall visibility.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Visibility carpet for a π-setup with a phase grating duty cycle of 0.7. A huge impact from the duty cycle is notable. Compared to a carpet for a phase grating duty cycle of 0.5, the number and location of the visibility maxima have changed. The white dashed line indicates that strong visibility maxima are present at even fractional Talbot-distances. The carpet also shows areas where the sign of the visibility changes. Due to the limited values of negative visibilities, this carped is scaled differently then the carpets before.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of nickel made phase-gratings used for the comparison of the two different setup types for long distances.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Calculated mean visibilities, with and without taking into account the intensity pattern orientation, compared to the analyzed stepping curve resulting from the overall counts. The necessity of the sign to determine the mean visibility becomes obvious. The huge difference of the calculated values imply that single visibilities of higher values are present, but annihilated by each other resulting in a not properly functioning interferometer.

Equations (17)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

V = I max I min I max + I min .
d n ( π ) = n 16 d T = n p 1 2 8 λ
d n ( π / 2 ) = n 4 d T = n p 1 2 2 λ .
p 2 = { M p 1 2 if Δ ϕ = π M p 1 if Δ ϕ = π 2 ,
p 2 = M p 1 2 π setup
p 2 = M p 1 π / 2 setup
E ( x , y ; z ) = exp ( i k z ) 1 { ( E ( x , y , z = 0 ) ) exp [ i k x 2 + k y 2 2 k z ] } .
V = 2 a n a 0 .
π setup n = 2 g
π / 2 setup n = g
η = d d T
Δ ϕ ( E ) = Δ ϕ D E D E
η ( E ) = d d T ( E ) = η D E D E .
Δ ϕ ( E ) = Δ ϕ D η D η ( E ) .
Δ ϕ ( E ) = Δ ϕ ( E ˜ ) η ( E ˜ ) η ( E ) .
V ¯ = E V ( E ) w ( E ) ( ± 1 ) d E .
V ¯ = C V ( C ) w ( C ) ± 1 ( C ) .

Metrics