Abstract

We demonstrate a passive mode-locked Er:Yb doped double-clad ring fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber. By adjusting the polarization controller and minimizing the cavity loss, the laser can operate at hundreds of harmonics of the fundamental repetition frequency of the resonator with the central wavelength of 1.61 μm. Up to 683rd harmonic (which corresponds to 5.882 GHz) of the fundamental repetition frequency was achieved.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

2013 (5)

2012 (3)

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, and Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G. R. Lin, “Harmonic order-dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (5)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Schmeckebier, G. Fiol, C. Meuer, D. Arsenijević, and D. Bimberg, “Complete pulse characterization of quantum dot mode-locked lasers suitable for optical communication up to 160 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3415–3425 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

G. R. Lin and J. Y. Chang, “Femtosecond mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with intra-cavity loss controlled full L-band wavelength tunability,” Opt. Express 15(1), 97–103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. R. Lin, J. Y. Chang, Y. S. Liao, and H. H. Lu, “L-band Erbium-doped fiber laser with coupling-ratio controlled wavelength tunability,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9743–9749 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3834–3839 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

2002 (1)

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

Abeles, J. H.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arsenijevic, D.

Attia, R.

Bae, M. K.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bahloul, F.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bimberg, D.

Cai, Z. R.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Chan, C.

Chang, J. Y.

Chen, S. Y.

Chen, W. C.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Cheng, K. N.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G. R. Lin, “Harmonic order-dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Chu, S. W.

Cui, Y.

Delfyett, P. J.

I. Hernandez-Romano, D. Mandridis, D. A. May-Arrioja, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, and P. J. Delfyett, “Mode-locked fiber laser using an SU8/SWCNT saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(11), 2122–2124 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

Depriest, C. M.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

Du, J.

Feng, X.

Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fiol, G.

Fontana, F.

Franco, P.

Frazao, O.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gomes, L. A.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Grelu, P.

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Guan, B. O.

Guesmi, K.

Haboucha, A.

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, W. S.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y.

Hasan, T.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hennrich, F.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hernandez-Romano, I.

Huang, G.

Im, J. H.

Jang, S. Y.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joly, N. Y.

Jun, C. S.

Kaczmarek, P.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kai, G.

Kanamori, T.

Kang, M. S.

Kim, B. Y.

Komarov, A.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Krzempek, K.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Leblond, H.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, X.

Liao, Y. S.

Lin, C. Y.

Lin, G. R.

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Lo, W. H. Tseng, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Self-amplitude and self-phase modulation of the charcoal mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25184–25196 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G. R. Lin, “Harmonic order-dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. B.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Liu, M.

Liu, T. M.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Lo, J. Y.

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. H.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, S. Y.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Mandridis, D.

Mansuripur, M.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marshall, J.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[Crossref]

May-Arrioja, D. A.

Melo, M.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Meng, Y.

Meuer, C.

Midrio, M.

Milne, W. I.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Moloney, J. V.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mouchel, P.

Ngo, N.

Ngo, N. Q.

Ni, Z. H.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Niang, A.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Guesmi, Y. Meng, A. Niang, P. Mouchel, M. Salhi, F. Bahloul, R. Attia, and F. Sanchez, “1.6 μm emission based on linear loss control in a Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6383–6386 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nikodem, M.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q. Y.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Ohishi, Y.

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ono, H.

Panasenko, D.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, A.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Polynkin, P.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qi, Y. L.

Rocha, J. R. F. D.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Romagnoli, M.

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A. G.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruan, S.

Russell, P. St. J.

Salgado, H. M.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Salhi, M.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Guesmi, Y. Meng, A. Niang, P. Mouchel, M. Salhi, F. Bahloul, R. Attia, and F. Sanchez, “1.6 μm emission based on linear loss control in a Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6383–6386 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanchez, F.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Guesmi, Y. Meng, A. Niang, P. Mouchel, M. Salhi, F. Bahloul, R. Attia, and F. Sanchez, “1.6 μm emission based on linear loss control in a Er:Yb doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6383–6386 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, P. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

Scardaci, V.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schmeckebier, H.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Sobon, G.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stewart, G.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sudo, S.

Sun, C. K.

Sun, Z.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teixeira, A. L. J.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tozzato, A.

Tsai, H. J.

Tsai, T. H.

Tsang, Y. H.

Tseng, W. H.

Turpin, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Zhao, Y. Wang, S. Ruan, P. Yan, H. Zhang, Y. H. Tsang, J. Yang, and G. Huang, “Three operation regimes with an L-band ultrafast fiber laser passively mode-locked by graphene oxide saturable absorber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(4), 716–722 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wen, S. C.

White, I. H.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Whitenett, G.

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. I.

Xia, Y. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xing, X. B.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Xu, W. C.

Yamada, M.

Yamashita, S.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G. R. Lin, “Harmonic order-dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yan, P.

Yan, Y. L.

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yang, X. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D. I.

Yilmaz, T.

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. H.

Yuan, S.

Zhan, L.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, L. M.

Zheng, X. W.

Zhu, P. F.

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. H. Ni, Y. L. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser: analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. F. D. Rocha, and H. M. Salgado, “Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper,” Appl. Phys. B 77(1), 139–142 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(20), 203106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22 GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(16), 161109 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Yilmaz, C. M. Depriest, T. Turpin, J. H. Abeles, and P. J. Delfyett, “Toward a photonic arbitrary waveform generator using a mode locked external cavity semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(11), 1608–1610 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er-Yb femtosecond ring fiber oscillator with 1.1 W average power and GHz repetition rates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 853–855 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G. R. Lin, “Harmonic order-dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics J. 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

P. F. Zhu, Z. B. Lin, Q. Y. Ning, Z. R. Cai, X. B. Xing, J. Liu, W. C. Chen, Z. C. Luo, A. P. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser by using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 38(24), 5212–5215 (2013).

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Marshall, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, “Design of a tunable L-band multi-wavelength laser system for application to gas spectroscopy,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 17(5), 1023–1031 (2006).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6(1), 177 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, “10 GHz passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-Yb double-cladfiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4203–4206 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Characterization of solitons compounds in a passively mode-locked high power fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 283(24), 5224–5230 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (13)

Y. Cui and X. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Lo, W. H. Tseng, C. I. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Self-amplitude and self-phase modulation of the charcoal mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25184–25196 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Lin, J. Y. Chang, Y. S. Liao, and H. H. Lu, “L-band Erbium-doped fiber laser with coupling-ratio controlled wavelength tunability,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9743–9749 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. R. Lin and J. Y. Chang, “Femtosecond mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with intra-cavity loss controlled full L-band wavelength tunability,” Opt. Express 15(1), 97–103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Ngo, C. Chan, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Effects of active fiber length on the tunability of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers,” Opt. Express 11(26), 3622–3627 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, “Linear cavity erbium-doped fiber laser with over 100 nm tuning range,” Opt. Express 11(14), 1689–1694 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3834–3839 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Chu, S. Y. Chen, T. H. Tsai, T. M. Liu, C. Y. Lin, H. J. Tsai, and C. K. Sun, “In vivo developmental biology study using noninvasive multi-harmonic generation microscopy,” Opt. Express 11(23), 3093–3099 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Schmeckebier, G. Fiol, C. Meuer, D. Arsenijević, and D. Bimberg, “Complete pulse characterization of quantum dot mode-locked lasers suitable for optical communication up to 160 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3415–3425 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22841–22846 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Jun, J. H. Im, S. H. Yoo, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, D. I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, “Low noise GHz passive harmonic mode-locking of soliton fiber laser using evanescent wave interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19775–19780 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, and Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. DCF: double-clad fiber, VSP: v-groove side-pumping, OC: output coupler, PC: polarization controller, PI-ISO: polarization-independent isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Production process of the GSA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Temporal trace and RF spectrum (inset) of the soliton bunch. (b) Spectrum and autocorrelation trace (inset) of the soliton bunch. (c) Spectrum and autocorrelation trace (inset) of the bound states in the bunch. (d) Process from soliton bunch to high order harmonic mode locking.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) RF spectrum of 0.733, 1.458, 2.104 and 5.882 GHz harmonic mode locking output measured with 10 GHz span. Inset of (a): RF spectrum of 5.882 GHz harmonic mode locking output measured with 110 MHz span. (b) Temporal trace of 5.882 GHz harmonic mode locking. Inset of (b): Corresponding spectrum.

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