Abstract

Many studies have consistently found that the particle backscattering coefficient (bbp) in oligotrophic oceans estimated from remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs) using semi-analytical algorithms is higher than that from in situ measurements. This overestimation can be as high as ~300% for some oligotrophic ocean regions. Various sources potentially responsible for this discrepancy are examined. Further, after applying an empirical algorithm to correct the impact from Raman scattering, it is found that bbp from analytical inversion of Rrs is in good agreement with that from in situ measurements, and that a closure is achieved.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (4)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

Z.-P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P. J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(3), 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (4)

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ras, H. Claustre, and J. Uitz, “Spatial Variability of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean: Comparison Between in Situ and Predicted Data,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 353–369 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi: .
[Crossref]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Chami, D. McKee, E. Leymarie, and G. Khomenko, “Influence of the angular shape of the volume-scattering function and multiple scattering on remote sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 45(36), 9210–9220 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

Y.-J. Park and K. Ruddick, “Model of remote-sensing reflectance including bidirectional effects for case 1 and case 2 waters,” Appl. Opt. 44(7), 1236–1249 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, “Carbon-based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19(1), GB1006 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and K. P. Du, “Effects of molecular and particle scatterings on the model parameter for remote-sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 43(25), 4957–4964 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41(27), 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A theoretical derivation of the dependence of the remotely sensed reflectance of the ocean on the inherent optical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13135–13142 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

Y.-H. Ahn, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Light backscattering efficiency and related properties of some phytoplankters,” Deep-Sea Res. 39(11-12), 1835–1855 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. H. Stavn and A. D. Weidemann, “Optical modeling of clear ocean light fields: Raman scattering effects,” Appl. Opt. 27(19), 4002–4011 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1979 (1)

1974 (1)

Ahn, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Ahn, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Light backscattering efficiency and related properties of some phytoplankters,” Deep-Sea Res. 39(11-12), 1835–1855 (1992).
[Crossref]

Albert, A.

Antoine, D.

Arnone, R.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P. J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(3), 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arnone, R. A.

Babin, A.

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

Babin, M.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bailey, S. W.

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20(2), 177–184 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnard, A. H.

Behrenfeld, M. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, “Carbon-based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19(1), GB1006 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Berthon, J.-F.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

Boynton, G. C.

Brando, V. E.

Brewin, R.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Brewin, R. J. W.

Bricaud, A.

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Modeling the inherent optical properties of the ocean based on the detailed composition of the planktonic community,” Appl. Opt. 40(18), 2929–2945 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Ahn, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Light backscattering efficiency and related properties of some phytoplankters,” Deep-Sea Res. 39(11-12), 1835–1855 (1992).
[Crossref]

Briggs, N. T.

Brown, C. A.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi: .
[Crossref]

Brown, J. W.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brown, O. B.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Carder, K. L.

Chami, M.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Chami, D. McKee, E. Leymarie, and G. Khomenko, “Influence of the angular shape of the volume-scattering function and multiple scattering on remote sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 45(36), 9210–9220 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, G. C.

Clark, D. K.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ras, H. Claustre, and J. Uitz, “Spatial Variability of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean: Comparison Between in Situ and Predicted Data,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 353–369 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cullen, J. J.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi: .
[Crossref]

D’Alimonte, D.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

d’Andon, O. H. F.

Dall’Olmo, G.

Dana, D. R.

Davis, C. O.

Devred, E.

Dickey, T. D.

Dowell, M.

Du, K.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, K. Du, K. J. Voss, G. Zibordi, B. Lubac, R. Arnone, and A. Weidemann, “An inherent-optical-property-centered approach to correct the angular effects in water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3155–3167 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, K. P.

Evans, R. H.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G. C.

Franz, B. A.

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Freeman, S. A.

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fry, E. S.

Gentili, B.

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. II Bidirectional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, H. R.

Guillocheau, N.

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Hardman-Mountford, N. J.

Hawes, S. K.

He, M.-X.

Hirata, T.

Holben, B.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

Hooker, S. B.

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

Hu, C.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P. J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(3), 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

Huot, Y.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi: .
[Crossref]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaczmarek, S.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kahru, M.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaitala, S.

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

Khomenko, G.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Chami, D. McKee, E. Leymarie, and G. Khomenko, “Influence of the angular shape of the volume-scattering function and multiple scattering on remote sensing reflectance,” Appl. Opt. 45(36), 9210–9220 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kishino, M.

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[Crossref]

Korotaev, G.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

Kostadinov, T.

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Lavender, S. J.

Lee, Z.

Lee, Z. P.

Lee, Z.-P.

Lewis, M.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lewis, M. R.

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Leymarie, E.

Li, Y.

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loisel, H.

Lubac, B.

Maffione, R. A.

Mangin, A.

Maritorena, S.

Marken, E.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

McKee, D.

McLean, S. D.

Mélin, F.

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

Mitchell, B. G.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mobley, C. D.

Moore, T. S.

Morel, A.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Modeling the inherent optical properties of the ocean based on the detailed composition of the planktonic community,” Appl. Opt. 40(18), 2929–2945 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. II Bidirectional aspects,” Appl. Opt. 32(33), 6864–6879 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Ahn, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Light backscattering efficiency and related properties of some phytoplankters,” Deep-Sea Res. 39(11-12), 1835–1855 (1992).
[Crossref]

Nelson, N. B.

N. B. Nelson and D. A. Siegel, “The global distribution and dynamics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 5(1), 447–476 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Oishi, T.

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

Okami, N.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.-J.

Patch, J. S.

Peacock, T. G.

Pegau, W. S.

Perry, M. J.

Pope, R. M.

Ras, J.

J. Ras, H. Claustre, and J. Uitz, “Spatial Variability of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean: Comparison Between in Situ and Predicted Data,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 353–369 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, R. A.

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Röttgers, R.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ruddick, K.

Sathyendranath, S.

Sciandra, A.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shang, S.

Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shea, D. M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, “Carbon-based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19(1), GB1006 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Siegel, D.

M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, “Carbon-based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19(1), GB1006 (2005), doi:.
[Crossref]

Siegel, D. A.

N. B. Nelson and D. A. Siegel, “The global distribution and dynamics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 5(1), 447–476 (2013), doi:.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Slade, W. H.

Smith, R. C.

H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

R. C. Smith and K. S. Baker, “Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200-800 nm),” Appl. Opt. 20(2), 177–184 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smyth, T. J.

Stamnes, J. J.

M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
[Crossref]

Stavn, R. H.

Steward, R. G.

Stramska, M.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stramski, D.

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Modeling the inherent optical properties of the ocean based on the detailed composition of the planktonic community,” Appl. Opt. 40(18), 2929–2945 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Loisel and D. Stramski, “Estimation of the inherent optical properties of natural waters from the irradiance attenuation coefficient and reflectance in the presence of Raman scattering,” Appl. Opt. 39(18), 3001–3011 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Kahru, and B. G. Mitchell, “Estimation of particulate organic carbon in the ocean from satellite remote sensing,” Science 285(5425), 239–242 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugihara, S.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[Crossref]

Sullivan, J. M.

Takahashi, Y.

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

Tanaka, A.

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

Tieche, F.

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tsuchiya, A.

T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

Twardowski, M. S.

J. M. Sullivan and M. S. Twardowski, “Angular shape of the oceanic particulate volume scattering function in the backward direction,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6811–6819 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. R. Gordon, M. R. Lewis, S. D. McLean, M. S. Twardowski, S. A. Freeman, K. J. Voss, and G. C. Boynton, “Spectra of particulate backscattering in natural waters,” Opt. Express 17(18), 16192–16208 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

Uitz, J.

J. Ras, H. Claustre, and J. Uitz, “Spatial Variability of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean: Comparison Between in Situ and Predicted Data,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 353–369 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vellucci, V.

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Voss, K. J.

Weidemann, A.

Weidemann, A. D.

Werdell, P. J.

P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
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Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P. J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(3), 369–381 (2010).
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C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zaneveld, J. R.

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A theoretical derivation of the dependence of the remotely sensed reflectance of the ocean on the inherent optical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13135–13142 (1995).
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G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
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G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

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P. J. Werdell, B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, G. C. Feldman, E. Boss, V. E. Brando, M. Dowell, T. Hirata, S. J. Lavender, Z. Lee, H. Loisel, S. Maritorena, F. Mélin, T. S. Moore, T. J. Smyth, D. Antoine, E. Devred, O. H. F. d’Andon, and A. Mangin, “Generalized ocean color inversion model for retrieving marine inherent optical properties,” Appl. Opt. 52(10), 2019–2037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-P. Lee, R. Arnone, C. Hu, P. J. Werdell, and B. Lubac, “Uncertainties of optical parameters and their propagations in an analytical ocean color inversion algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 49(3), 369–381 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. M. Sullivan and M. S. Twardowski, “Angular shape of the oceanic particulate volume scattering function in the backward direction,” Appl. Opt. 48(35), 6811–6819 (2009).
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H. Loisel and D. Stramski, “Estimation of the inherent optical properties of natural waters from the irradiance attenuation coefficient and reflectance in the presence of Raman scattering,” Appl. Opt. 39(18), 3001–3011 (2000).
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R. M. Pope and E. S. Fry, “Absorption spectrum (380-700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements,” Appl. Opt. 36(33), 8710–8723 (1997).
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D. Stramski, A. Bricaud, and A. Morel, “Modeling the inherent optical properties of the ocean based on the detailed composition of the planktonic community,” Appl. Opt. 40(18), 2929–2945 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biogeosciences (4)

M. S. Twardowski, H. Claustre, S. A. Freeman, D. Stramski, and Y. Huot, “Optical backscattering properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Biogeosciences 4(6), 1041–1058 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, R. A. Reynolds, M. Babin, S. Kaczmarek, M. R. Lewis, R. Röttgers, A. Sciandra, M. Stramska, M. S. Twardowski, B. A. Franz, and H. Claustre, “Relationships between the surface concentration of particulate organic carbon and optical properties in the eastern South Pacific and eastern Atlantic Oceans,” Biogeosciences 5(1), 171–201 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Ras, H. Claustre, and J. Uitz, “Spatial Variability of Phytoplankton Pigment Distributions in the Subtropical South Pacific Ocean: Comparison Between in Situ and Predicted Data,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 353–369 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Huot, A. Morel, M. S. Twardowski, D. Stramski, and R. A. Reynolds, “Particle optical backscattering along a chlorophyll gradient in the upper layer of the eastern South Pacific Ocean,” Biogeosciences 5(2), 495–507 (2008).
[Crossref]

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M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, “Carbon-based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19(1), GB1006 (2005), doi:.
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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

G. Zibordi, F. Mélin, S. B. Hooker, D. D’Alimonte, and B. Holben, “An Autonomous Above-Water System for the Validation of Ocean Color Radiance Data,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 43, 2 (2004).

J. Geophys. Res. (6)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient, and Sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res. 112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi: .
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H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytic radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93(D9), 10909–910924 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. R. V. Zaneveld, “A theoretical derivation of the dependence of the remotely sensed reflectance of the ocean on the inherent optical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13135–13142 (1995).
[Crossref]

Z.-P. Lee, S. Shang, C. Hu, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, Y. Li, and B. Lubac, “Time series of bio-optical properties in a subtropical gyre: Implications for the evaluation of inter-annual trends of biogeochemical properties,” J. Geophys. Res. 115(C9), C09012 (2010).
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M. Chami, E. Marken, J. J. Stamnes, G. Khomenko, and G. Korotaev, “Variability of the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the volume scattering function measured at fixed angles,” J. Geophys. Res. 111(C5), C05013 (2006), doi:.
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Z. Lee, C. Hu, S. Shang, K. Du, M. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin, “Penetration of UV-Visible solar light in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing,” J. Geophys. Res. 118(9), 4241–4255 (2013), doi:.
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J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn (1)

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and N. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
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T. Oishi, Y. Takahashi, A. Tanaka, M. Kishino, and A. Tsuchiya, “Relation between the backward- as well as total scattering coefficients and the volume scattering functions by cultured phytoplankton,” J. School Mar. Sci. Technol. Tokai Univ. 53, 1–15 (2002).

Limnol. Oceanogr. (2)

A. Morel, B. Gentili, H. Claustre, A. Babin, A. Bricaud, J. Ras, and F. Tieche, “Optical properties of the “clearest” natural waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 52(1), 217–229 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Antoine, D. A. Siegel, T. Kostadinov, S. Maritorena, N. B. Nelson, B. Gentili, V. Vellucci, and N. Guillocheau, “Variability in Optical Particle Backscattering in Contrasting Bio-optical Oceanic Regimes,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 56(3), 955–973 (2011), doi:.
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Remote Sens. Environ. (3)

G. Zibordi, J.-F. Berthon, F. Mélin, D. D’Alimonte, and S. Kaitala, “Validation of satellite ocean color primary products at optically complex coastal sites: Northern Adriatic Sea, Northern Baltic Proper and Gulf of Finland,” Remote Sens. Environ. 113(12), 2574–2591 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. A. Brown, Y. Huot, P. J. Werdell, B. Gentili, and H. Claustre, “The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development,” Remote Sens. Environ. 112(12), 4186–4203 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell and S. W. Bailey, “An improved bio-optical data set for ocean color algorithm development and satellite data product validation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 98(1), 122–140 (2005).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Impact of the g0 and g1 coefficients on the retrieval of bbp(555) via QAA, with data from the NOMAD data set. The bbp(555,QAA) used g0 and g1 values as 0.089 and 0.125 respectively which correspond to the values in QAA [29] for sun at zenith and observation at nadir, while bbp(555,Gordon) used g0 and g1 values as 0.0949 and 0.0794, respectively, as reported in Gordon et al. [6].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Ratio of Rrs-derived bbp(555) to in situ measured bbp(550) for waters in the South Pacific Gyre, before (open green) and after (solid blue) correcting the Raman contributions in the Rrs inversion process. In situ bbp(550) was determined by the Hydroscat sensor (HOBI Labs) as described in Stramski et al. 54 while the in situ Rrs measurements were obtained using a modified HyperPro profiling radiometer (Satlantic Inc.) and a reference surface sensor and are described in Lee et al. [55]. There could be slight differences between bbp(550) and bbp(555) and this difference is ignored here.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Ratio of Rrs-derived bbp(555) to in situ measured bbp(555) for waters in the South Pacific Gyre, with Rrs-derived bbp(555) after correcting the Raman contributions in the Rrs inversion process, and Hydroscat-measured bbp(555) was increased by 0.0002 m−1 from the original measurements.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparison of bbp(555) from QAA before (panel A) and after (panel B) Raman correction. The colored points represent the number of bbp(555) observations obtained from the QAA algorithm (see color bar) when applied on a global Level 3 (SMI) data set from the MODIS sensor for March 2007 (all daily level 3 values are temporally averaged). The Magenta lines (see legend in Panel A) are for three fits (i.e., with different values of the “Beta parameter”, see Huot et al. [23]) to three bbp data sets obtained during the BIOSOPE cruise: “adopted” stands for the Hydroscat and BB3 data set, “Hydroscat Beta” stands for the Hydroscat data only and “BB3 Beta” stands for the BB3 data set only. C) Same as B but after Raman correction. The black line corresponds to Eq. (6) in Brewin et al. [24] as parameterized on their Data set “A”. The blue line is a 1001 points running median on the MODIS data set.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of likely sources contributing to the non-closure of bbp

Equations (3)

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r r s ( λ ) = ( g 0 + g 1 b b ( λ ) a ( λ ) + b b ( λ ) ) b b ( λ ) a ( λ ) + b b ( λ ) .
b b ( λ ) = b b w ( λ ) + b b p ( λ ) ,
a ( λ 0 ) = a w ( λ 0 ) + Δ a ( λ 0 ) ,

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