Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a few-moded cladding-pumped multi-element fiber amplifier, comprising 4 Er/Yb co-doped signal fibers and 1 multimode pump-delivery fiber all of which are drawn together in a common polymer coating, providing a total spatial path multiplicity of 12. An average WDM signal gain of 18.3 dB and differential modal gain of 1.1 dB were achieved in the spectral range of 1542-1560 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (4)

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

R. W. Tkach, “Scaling optical communications for next decade and beyond,” Bell Labs Technical Journal. 14(4), 3–9 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, and Y. Kokubun, “Heterogeneous multi-core fibres: proposal and design principle,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 98–103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. Horley, S. Norman, and M. N. Zervas, “Progress and development in fibre laser technology,” Proc. SPIE 6738, 67380K (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Abedin, K. S.

Alam, S.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Alam, S.-U.

Arrioja, D. M.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Awaji, Y.

Baddela, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bansal, L.

Belal, M.

Bolle, C.

Burrows, E. C.

Corbett, B.

Correa, R. A.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Fini, J. M.

Gnauck, A. H.

Gray, D.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hayes, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Horley, R.

R. Horley, S. Norman, and M. N. Zervas, “Progress and development in fibre laser technology,” Proc. SPIE 6738, 67380K (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Imamura, K.

Inan, B.

Jain, S.

Jensen, R. V.

Jung, Y.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, Q.

Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, T.

Kokubun, Y.

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, and Y. Kokubun, “Heterogeneous multi-core fibres: proposal and design principle,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 98–103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koshiba, M.

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, and Y. Kokubun, “Heterogeneous multi-core fibres: proposal and design principle,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 98–103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kuschnerov, M.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Linares, J.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lingle, R.

Lopez, E. A.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maeda, K.

Mateo, E.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

May-Smith, T. C.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mendinueta, J. M. D.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mumtaz, S.

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibres,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Neng, B.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Norman, S.

R. Horley, S. Norman, and M. N. Zervas, “Progress and development in fibre laser technology,” Proc. SPIE 6738, 67380K (2007), doi:.
[Crossref]

Numkam Fokoua, E.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

Peckham, D. W.

Petropoulous, P. P.

Petrovich, M.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poletti, F.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Puttnam, B. J.

Rancano, V. J. F.

Randel, S.

Richardson, D.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

Sahu, J. K.

Saitoh, K.

M. Koshiba, K. Saitoh, and Y. Kokubun, “Heterogeneous multi-core fibres: proposal and design principle,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(2), 98–103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sakaguchi, J.

Schulzgen, A.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sierra, A.

Sleiffer, V.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

Sugizaki, R.

Surof, J.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tadakuma, M.

Teh, P. S.

Thierry, T. F.

Tkach, R. W.

R. W. Tkach, “Scaling optical communications for next decade and beyond,” Bell Labs Technical Journal. 14(4), 3–9 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tottori, Y.

Tsuchida, Y.

Veljanovski, V.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, Q. Kang, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, B. Inan, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, Z. Li, P. S. Teh, A. Dhar, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, S.-U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “Three mode Er3+ ring-doped fiber amplifier for mode-division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10383–10392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wada, N.

Watanabe, M.

Webb, A. S.

Wheeler, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Winfield, R.

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, N.

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, N. Baddela, J. Surof, M. Kuschnerov, V. Veljanovski, J. Hayes, N. Wheeler, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. Wooler, D. Gray, N. Wong, F. Parmigiani, S. Alam, M. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. Richardson, and H. de Waardt, “High capacity mode-division multiplexed optical transmission in a novel 37-cell hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 854–863 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wooler, J.

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Xia, C.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
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Zhao, X.

C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
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C. Xia, R. A. Correa, B. Neng, E. A. Lopez, D. M. Arrioja, A. Schulzgen, M. Richardson, J. Linares, C. Montero, E. Mateo, X. Zhao, and G. Li, “Hole-assisted few-mode multicore fiber for high-density space-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1914–1917 (2012).
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E. L. Lim, Y. Jung, Q. Kang, T. C. May-Smith, N. H. L. Wong, R. Standish, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of cladding pumped few-moded EDFA for mode division multiplexed transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications, M2J.2, San Francisco (2014).

S. Jain, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “Er/Yb-doped Cladding-Pumped Multi-Element Fiber Amplifier” in Workshop on Specialty Optical Fiber, 5.4, Sigtuna (2013).
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S. Jain, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “Cladding-pumped Er/Yb-doped Multi-Element Fiber Amplifier for C+L band Operations,” in Optical Fiber Communications, M2J.3, San Francisco (2014).

T. Mizuno, T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, H. Kawakami, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, T. Goh, M. Oguma, T. Sakamoto, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matuso, K. Saitoh, and T. Morioka, “12-core x 3-mode dense space division multiplexed transmission over 40km employing multi-carrier signals with parallel MIMO equalization,” in Optical Fiber Communications, Th5B.2, San Francisco (2014).

Y. Sasaki, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Trench-assisted low-crosstalk few-mode multicore fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communications, Mo.3.A.5, London, (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of 3-moded cladding pumped multi-element fiber amplifier (3M-MEFA) comprising 4 Er/Yb co-doped signal fibers and 1 multimode pump fiber. (BS: Beam splitter, PP: Phase plate, ISO: isolator, AMP: amplifier, 3MF: 3-moded passive fiber).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured mode images and optical spectra before (a) and after (b) amplification.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Gain and (b) noise figure spectra for 4 different signal fiber elements of the 3M-MEFA for an input signal power of −12.5dBm/ch and pump power of ~7.6W.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Output spectra of the LP01 mode after the mode demultiplexer and (b) mode-dependent gain for different pump powers with an input signal power of −2.5dBm/mode (or −12.5dBm/ch).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Mode-dependent gain for different input signal powers per mode at a fixed pump power of 3.6W for 3.25m of fiber, and (b) gain comparison between two different fiber lengths (3.25m and 4.5m) at a fixed pump power of 5.1W.

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